In 2014, the share of energy from renewable sources in gross final energy consumption reached 16% in the EU, almost double the 2004 figure (8.5%), the first year for which the data is available. These figures come from a publication issued by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union.
Since 2004, the share of renewable sources in gross final energy consumption has grown significantly in all Member States. Compared with a year ago, it has increased in 24 of the 28 Member States.
With more than half of final energy consumption from renewable sources (52.6%), Sweden had by far the highest share, ahead of Latvia and Finland (both with 38.7%), Austria (33.1%) and Denmark (29.2%). At the opposite end of the scale, the lowest proportions of renewables were registered in Luxembourg (4.5%), Malta (4.7%), the Netherlands (5.5%) and the United Kingdom (7%).
Each Member State has its own 2020 target. The national targets take into account the Member States’ different starting points, their renewable energy potential and economic performance. Among the 28 Member States, one third have already reached the level required to meet their national targets: Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Croatia, Italy, Lithuania, Romania, Finland and Sweden. Moreover, Denmark and Austria are less than 1 percentage point from their 2020 targets. By contrast, France at 8.7 percentage points from reaching its national 2020 objective; the Netherlands at 8.5 pp; the United Kingdom at 8.0 pp; and Ireland at 7.4 pp are the furthest away from achieving their targets.
Spain stands at almost the EU average with renewables accounting for 16.2% of gross energy consumption in 2014. According to Eurostat figures, the country is 3.8 percentage points from achieving its 2020 target, a figure that coincides with the 20% figure for the EU as a whole.