The EU was dependent on energy imports for slightly over half of its consumption in 2014

Energy dependency at its lowest point in 9 Member Sates. The energy dependency of the European Union (EU) stood in 2014 at 53.4%, meaning that the EU needed to import just over half of the energy it consumed in 2014.

Energy dependency in the EU was higher in 2014 than in 1990, but slightly lower than its highest point recorded in 2008. The evolution of EU energy dependency has not been constant between 1990 and 2014, however, it has continuously stood above 50% since 2004.

Energy dependency varies widely across Member States, with half of them relying mainly on imports for their energy consumption in 2014, while for the other half, energy dependency rate stood below 50%.baja2

These figures are issued by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union, along with the publication of the detailed 2014 annual results on energy supply, transformation and consumption in the EU. They are complemented with a publication on energy savings in the EU.