Using Matlab to model and characterise an electric vehicle

The European Union’s Directive 2012/27/EU has established the 20/20/20 target that aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 20%; obtain 20% of energy from renewable sources; and increase energy efficiency by 20%. One of the recommended actions to collaborate in achieving this triple objective would be the gradual introduction of the electric vehicle into the automotive stock, for the reasons set out below:

• Equivalent emissions per km travelled by an electric vehicle are lower than those of conventional vehicles.
• The electricity obtained from the grid gradually includes an increased contribution from renewable sources.
• Electric motors are more efficient than internal combustion engines.

Almost half the energy consumed worldwide comes from fossil fuels and these are the most widely-used source in transportation. The electric vehicle can reduce dependency on these fuels that are often located in areas of geopolitical conflict and that suffer from frequent sales price fluctuations. Moreover, the use of electricity in the transport sector would also make better use of local resources, such as sources of renewable energy that are available all over the globe. Read more…

Iñigo Pacheco, Gabriel García, Sindia Casado & Raquel Garde
Renewable Energy Grid Integration Department at CENER

Article published in: FuturENERGY September 2015