Monthly Archives: junio 2013

Palmares and Fazenda Rosario Wind Farms. Palmares do Sul (Brasil). Photo courtesy of Elecnor

According to figures published by the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC) in the Global Wind Report- Annual Market Update (world data is dealt with in another article in this issue), wind power is now finally reaching critical mass in a number of Latin American markets, and the region has begun developing a substantial wind power industry to complement its rich hydro and biomass (and potentially solar) resources.

In the medium to long-term, the demand for energy security and diversity of supply is expected to foster the growth of wind power in Latin America.

For the first time the Latin American market installed over 1 GW of new capacity. Last year six markets in the region installed 1,225 MW of new wind capacity for a total installed capacity of just over 3.5 GW.

Article published in: FuturENERGY June 2013

The Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC) released its Annual Market Update on April 17th. The report provides a comprehensive analysis of the global wind industry, now present in about 79 countries, with 24 countries having more than 1,000 MW installed. This year’s report includes outlooks for the most important markets in wind worldwide and future trends, with forecasts for the 2013-2017 period.

Record numbers of installations in the United States and Europe led to total installations of 44.8 GW of new wind power globally in 2012, 10% more than was installed in 2011. This represents investments of about €56 billion. Global installed capacity has now reached 282.5 GW, a cumulative increase of almost 19%.

The forecast is for a modest downturn in 2013, however, followed by a recovery in 2014 and beyond; with global capacity growing at an average rate of 13.7% up to 2017, and global capacity nearly doubling to 536 GW.

Article published in: FuturENERGY June 2013

Javier García Breva La Oficina de Javier García Breva

Royal Decree 233/2013, regulating the National Plan for promoting rents, building refurbishments, urban recovery and renewal 2013-2016, is very wide-ranging and covers all issues necessary for a new concept of building, more linked to sustainable development, energy efficiency and the recovery of the building sector by means of bringing urban planning more in line with social and environmental needs.

In its sections covering energy use, support programmes for implementing the Building Evaluation Report (BER) and for the promotion of sustainable cities are measures whose time has come, ignored until now, which point to the importance of the energy factor in building and urban planning, but since they lack objectives, both in energy refurbishment and in energy saving, they view energy more as an information requirement than as a real commitment.

Nevertheless, they represent an instrument which ought to help to make better use of European Union structural funds earmarked for energy efficiency in the forthcoming 2014-2020 period.

Article published in: FuturENERGY June 2013

A major part of our energy consumption goes on the use, comfort and services of our buildings. One of the key elements in the European Union’s policy is its interest in rationalising energy expense, which since the start of the millennium has been focusing on reducing energy dependence deriving from consumption in buildings, promoting the creation of mechanisms for Energy Efficiency Certification in Buildings (C3E).

Spain has recently published the Royal Decree opening the gates to this certification’s activation. What does this Royal Decree mean? An opportunity to learn about energy consumption in our homes? Greater awareness among citizens of energy consumption? Or is it just a tax we have to pay? In this first article about C3E we will try to give answers to these questions.

Ten years after the publication of the 2002/91/CE European Directive on energy efficiency in buildings (rescinded by the 2010/31/EU, 19th May Directive), it was transposed into Spanish law by means of the 5th April Royal Decree 235/2013 approving the basic procedure for certifying energy efficiency in buildings, both existing ones and new builds (annulling the 19th January RD 47/2007).

Article published in: FuturENERGY June 2013

Since the end of 2009 a building that represents an innovative residential option, developed specifically for the city council’s Housing Plan for Young People has been operating in Madrid.

Developed by the Municipal Housing and Land Company (EMVS), built by the construction company Fernández Molina Obras y Servicios S.A., according to a design by architects Luis de Pereda Fernández, at the European Innovation Institute IEI, and Joaquín Lizasoain Urcola, this building, on nº 52, Margaritas St, in the Tetuán district, is designed for mixed use: 33 rental flats for young people, 46 semi-automated residents’ parking spaces and premises for the municipal Environmental & Cleaning Services.

Margaritas 52 is a benchmark for urban regeneration: it turned an old cleaning depot in the Tetuán district into a modern building that fits perfectly into its surroundings, providing temporary housing for young people, an automated garage and premises for the cleaning department.

Article published in: FuturENERGY June 2013

The Yacht is the main building in the new headquarters being created by the financial institution BBVA in Las Tablas, Madrid. An efficient and sustainable building with a spherical shape 93 metres tall and with 19 storeys, as designed by the Swiss architects Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron, which will form part of a complex including another seven constructions, to be known as BBVA City.

BBVA’s employees chose the name for the most singular building in the new headquarters the bank is planning in Las Tablas (Madrid, Spain) after an internal competition for ideas. This elliptically shaped, 19-storey tower, 93 metres high, designed by the Swiss architects Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron, will be called La Vela.

La Vela is the most important component of a 114,000 m2 complex of offices and services which includes another seven buildings of three storeys each, which will be named after the continents. The buildings are separated by streets with the names of seas and oceans.

Article published in: FuturENERGY June 2013

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The CSP sector went back into business, after a 30 year interruption, when Nevada Solar I started operating in 2006 near Las Vegas and subsequently PS10 in Seville. It was Spain, with its favourable, feed-in tariff-based, regulatory environment which led the revolution in the sector. However, the onset of the economic crisis in 2008 complicated the development of this promising sector and made it ever more globalised and competitive. With Spain toppled from its leadership position, which country will be next to reign over the CSP industry?

Despite recent problems which have arisen in traditional markets, particularly in Spain, the world CSP market continues to evolve. As CSP Today’s Global Tracker shows, over 15 GW of CSP is at different stages of development worldwide. The most interesting detail is the amount of operating capacity, which is over 2.7 GW, partly due to Spanish plants which have connected recently.

The figure will soon change drastically with over 600 MW coming onto the grid in the US, when Ivanpah and Solana start up. The portfolio of projects under construction is also pretty solid and should have a major impact on general operating capacity in around a year’s time.

Article published in: FuturENERGY June 2013

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If we are to reduce Spain’s energy dependence on imported fossil fuels to any significant degree, it is crucial that we promote the increase in the amount of cogeneration that use nationally-produced renewable resources: in the case of Spain, biomass and concentrated thermal solar. With the amount of usable biomass available in Spain, only a fraction of Spanish industry’s heat needs that are compatible with cogeneration can be met by biomass CHP plants.

To get round these limitations, a new medium-temperature solar thermal technology with linear collectors can be used, based on using pressurised gases as working fluid, which CIEMAT started developing in 2006.

Industrial cogeneration in Spain as a rule uses fossil fuels, mainly natural gas, with a small percentage of biomass fuels. Unfortunately, cogeneration based on fossil fuels has very limited primary energy savings over independent electricity and heat production, even when the cogenerations are highly efficient (primary energy saving of over 10%).

Article published in: FuturENERGY June 2013

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