Monthly Archives: febrero 2014

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Speaking at a conference held yesterday at Mexico WindPower, Dr. Enrique Ochoa Reza, Director General of the Mexican Federal Electricity Commission (CFE), gave an analytical and comprehensive explanation of the Energy Reform in Mexico. This reform marks the beginning of an energy transformation in the country and represents the most important change in the electricity sector since the industry was nationalised in 1960.
Dr. Enrique Ochoa Reza pointed out that the current Mexican electricity scenario was characterised by the electricity tariffs consumers had to pay in comparison to tariffs in surrounding areas.
For example, the average cost of electricity generation in Mexico in 2013 was 63% higher than in the neighbouring state of Texas. The average cost in Texas was $407/ MWh, while the cost in Mexico was $662/MWh.
The percentage contribution of each source of energy to total electricity generated in Mexico is as follows:
Natural Gas: 47%
Fuel Oil: 21%
Hydroelectric power: 20%
Coal: 4%
Wind: 3%
Geothermal energy: 2%
Other energy sources: 1%
Despite the fact that the participation of renewable energy in the Mexican electricity generation mix grew between 1999 and 2013, the overall contribution has fallen by 4%.
Mexico currently has a renewable energy installed capacity of 5,000 MW. This represents a lower percentage of the Mexican electricity generation mix, given that in 1999, energy production from renewable sources accounted for 29% of the total, with production of 10,371 MW, while in 2013, the percentage fell to 25%, corresponding to production from renewable sources of 15,286 MW.
Looking solely at renewable energies, the breakdown of the participation of the different renewable sources in the total amount of electricity generated from renewable sources in Mexico is as follows:
Hydroelectric power: 12,431 MW (81.3%)
Wind: 1,844 MW (12.1%)
Geothermal energy: 823 MW (5.4%)
Biomass: 142 MW (0.9%)
Photovoltaic solar power: 37 MW (0.2%)
Biogas: 11 MW (0.1%)
Renewable Total: 15.288 MW
National Electricity System Total: 60,917 MW
It should be highlighted that wind energy accounts for 12.1% of renewable electricity production but just 3% of total installed capacity in Mexico.
The objective of the Energy Reform is to promote and boost renewable energies, implement cleaner energies and protect the environment by means of the following initiatives:
With the new electricity model, different companies will be able to join forces to expand and diversify generating capacity in Mexico. Similarly, the transmission grid will be extended to facilitate an increasingly greater presence of renewable energies in the Mexican electricity system (art. 27 and 28 of the Mexican Constitution).
New laws to facilitate and make transparent investments in geothermal, solar and wind energy facilities in Mexico (transitory article 18).
The Secretary of Energy is to publish a strategy to promote the use of cleaner technologies and fuels, including renewable energies and natural gas (transitory article 18).
There will be definition of energy efficiency criteria, clean energy obligations, and contaminating emissions reductions for the energy industry (transitory article 17).
By 2020, Mexico will boast a renewable energy installed capacity of 57,000 MW. Of this total, it is estimated that 20,000 MW will be competitive in the electricity market.
It should not be forgotten that Mexico must avail of its renewable potential if it is to achieve the target of 35% of electricity generation from clean energy sources by 2024.
Enrique Ochoa Reza (@EnriqueOchoaR) on Twitter. “With this Energy Reform, Mexico opens its doors to renewable energy companies”.
Distribution losses represent another problem currently facing Mexico. In 1990, Mexico had distribution losses of 12% compared to the 9% average for OECD countries. In 2013, distribution losses in Mexico stood at 15%, while the average for OECD countries had fallen to 6%. Dr. Enrique Ochoa Reza pointed out that this is another of the challenges facing Mexico.
With respect to natural gas, the Mexican State is developing the extension of the national network of gas pipelines in the form of construction projects equivalent to 28% of the National Gas Pipeline System. The Federal Electricity Commission (CFE) will participate in the extension to the National Gas Pipeline System through the development of routes that increase the redundancy and reliability of the network.
In addition, CFE will create transmission contracts that will serve as an anchor for the construction of new public and/or private infrastructure.
In addition, the Energy Reform will create a new model for electricity with multiple generators, universal access, and independent and efficient operation of transmission and distribution grids in order to achieve:
In electricity generation: free competition between public and private companies.
In the organisation: The National Energy Control Center will become a decentralised public body responsible for operating the national electricity system and the wholesale electricity market.
In transmission and distribution: establishing exclusive State strategy areas, with the option of entering into contracts with private entities.
More information on the Energy Reform can be found at: www.reformaenergetica.gob.mx
Related article: Mexico plans to install 9,000 MW of wind power. The wind energy sector enjoys a tailwind at Mexico WindPower 2014

Esperanza Rico entrega a Pedro Joaquín Coldwel un ejemplar de FuturENERGY, la única revista técnica española presente en Mexico WindPower

With the slogan “With a tailwind” the International Mexico WindPower 2014 Conference and Exhibition was officially opened yesterday at the Centro Banamex in Mexico City. This major wind event is in its third edition and is organized by the Mexican Wind Energy Association (AMDEE), the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC) and EJ Krause Mexico.
The event was chaired by the Secretary for Energy, Pedro Joaquín Coldwel, on behalf of President Enrique Peña Nieto. During his inaugural speech he highlighted the importance for government of promoting renewable energies, as well as this being part of the electoral commitment to reduce electricity charges and create a fabric for the renewable energy industry, which is not harmful to the environment.
Esperanza Rico presents Pedro Joaquín Coldwel with a copy of FuturENERGY, the only Spanish technical journal present at Mexico WindPower.
During the opening ceremony it was detailed how the energy reform, approved by the Mexican Congress and signed into law last December, marks the beginning of an energy transformation in Mexico, and represents the most important change in the power sector since the nationalization of the electricity industry in 1960.
The wind industry in Mexico began just seven years ago and now has an installed capacity of 1,917 MW spread over 25 farms, with 1,190 turbines and an investment of $3.8bn. Currently 6 projects are under construction and will come into operation between 2014 and 2015, adding 740 MW of wind energy to the Mexican power system.
The forecast for 2018 is to reach 9,000 MW of installed capacity with an investment of $14bn.
Key figures and entrepreneurs, both Mexican and foreign, met together for the opening ceremony, in addition to government officials and leaders of prestigious international organizations that foster and promote the development of the wind energy sector.
Given that this is such an important event, crucial to the development and support of the Mexican and global wind industry, for yet another year FuturENERGY is present at Mexico WindPower as the only Spanish technical magazine there to support and publicise everything that happens there at first hand, and hold interesting and productive talks with leading figures in the energy market.
Leonardo Beltran, Undersecretary for Power Planning and Transition at the Energy Department comments to Esperanza Rico, Director of FuturENERGY, on the article entitled “Energy Planning in Mexico” by Leonardo Beltran in our January / February edition. (To read this article, follow this link.)
Among the topics covered in this two-day conference are:
• A thorough analysis of the market for renewable energy which studies ways to boost these energies, particularly wind power.
• Of great interest is the regulation in Mexico after the recently adopted Energy Reform. On this panel, senior officials and legislators on the subject will present their views on the goals of this reform.
Enrique Ochoa Reza, Director General of the Federal Electricity Commission, listens to Esperanza Rico’s explanations on FuturENERGY as they discuss the Energy Reform in Mexico.
• Sustainable development and social responsibility where the economic, social and environmental benefits provided by wind power will be examined, including sources of specialized employment and sustainable development in areas where a wind farm is installed.
• Financing for wind projects. Experts from private, public and multilateral financial institutions will discuss the opportunities, challenges and financial solutions designed to support the growth of the Mexican wind market.
• Value chain. Subject matter experts will discuss the challenges and how to address them in order to put Mexico in the lead in the global wind power market.
Simultaneously with the Conference is an exhibition covering more than 5000 m2, where industry leaders present the latest in wind technology.

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ACCIONA, a global provider of renewable energy, infrastructure and water services, posted a net loss of €1.97bn in 2013, fundamentally as the result of the impact of regulatory reforms to the energy sector that were approved, with retroactive effects, in Spain last year.
These changes to the renewable energy regime caused a direct impact of €257m on group results, and forced goodwill write-offs and impairment charges on renewable energy assets totalling €1.68bn.
To a lesser extent, group results were also affected by the depreciation of certain real estate assets and other businesses, and the provisioning against possible losses in a small number of contracts pertaining to the Infrastructure division. On the positive side, group results also reflect the positive impact of capital gains resulting from the sale of wind assets and a hospital concession in 2013.
Earnings before Interest, Tax, Depreciation and Amortization (EBITDA) totalled €1.23bn, 14.1% lower than in 2012, mainly as a result of the impact of regulatory changes in Spain on ACCIONA’s Energy division.
Group revenues fell 5.8% to €6.61bn in 2013.
Net investment across ACCIONA’s different businesses totalled €381m in 2013, a 55.4% drop compared with the previous year. Of the total, €205m were invested in the organic growth of the Energy division, and €198m went to the Infrastructure division, mainly in concessions.
As a result of the losses registered during the period, ACCIONA’s equity attributable to shareholders stood at €3.23bn at the end of 2013, a 38.2% reduction compared with the €5.23bn figure a year before.
The company lowered its net financial debt by 10.2% in 2013, from €7.48bn at the end of 2012 to €6.72bn on December 31, 2013. Among the factors contributing to this reduction were lower investment outlays, the good use of working capital in the last quarter, and gains from exchange rate movements against the euro.

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This year, in Aachen, the E.ON Energy Research Centre at the University of RWTH, and manufacturer of the Exide Technologies GmbH’s GNB Industrial Power Division; the beta-motion GmbH; and the producer of SMA Solar Technology AG inverters, will build a large-scale modular storage battery – the only one in the world – with a capacity of 5 megawatts. The project, called Modular Multi-Megawatt Multi-Technology Medium-Voltage Battery Storage, or M5BAT, will receive funding of €6.5m from the German Ministry of Economic Affairs for Energy.
What makes the M5BAT different is its modular nature, which optimally combines different battery technologies. It uses high performance lithium ion batteries for short duration discharge, high temperature batteries for average discharge, and lead-acid batteries for either short or long duration discharge.
This storage system will have a wide range of applications. In a first phase, the project will focus on integrating renewable energy, checking the forecast for distributed energy production in order to improve the stability of the grid, and monitor energy prices.
E.ON will be responsible for planning and constructing the facility for the storage system, and developing and testing marketing strategies for launch in the market of future products of this type. The Institute of Energy Systems and Energy Economics at the RWTH University in Aachen will provide backing for the research.
Meanwhile, the E.ON Centre for Energy Research at the RWTH University in Aachen will operate the system, integrating it into the grid and providing scientific support. The manufacturers, Exide Technologies GmbH, Beta-motion GmbH, and SMA Solar Technology AG, will provide the technical components and direct the operating test.
Project Management Jülich (PTC) will be responsible for coordinating the investment on behalf of the German Ministry of Economy and Energy Affairs. The construction of this system will begin in the autumn of 2014 and large-scale storage will commence in 2015.

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DF has signed the contract for the construction of the combined cycle electric power station at Djelfa, 300 kilometres south of Algiers, with the Algerian company Societé de Production de lElectricité (SPE), a subsidiary of the Sonelgaz Group.
The awarding of the project to the Spanish company was announced half-way through December by the Algerian group, and is one of five similar projects that SPE has contracted with other groups from different countries. DF thus takes a foothold in North Africa, an area where significant investment in energy is foreseen in the coming years.
The value of the contract, signed at Sonelgaz’s headquarters in Algiers, amounts to 718.9 million dollars (544 million Euros).
The Djelfa power station will have four gas and two steam turbines, as well as four heat recovery boilers and will be the largest station built so far by DF, at over 1,250 MW.
The project also includes the necessary Balance of Plant systems for operating the station, such as compressed air, refrigeration circuits, a water and effluent treatment plant, storage tanks, a fuel treatment system and electrical and control systems, among others.
The deadline for execution is 40 months and the power station will be built by DF as a turnkey project.

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Abengoa has been chosen by EDP Renováveis to carry out the engineering, building and implementation of a 30 MW photovoltaic project in California, United States.
Abengoa will build the project in San Bernardino County, California, USA: It will supply enough clean energy to power around 5,000 homes, reducing the energy and fuel consumption as well as the number of carbon emissions to the atmosphere.
According to forecasts by the Solar Industries Energy Association – SEIA, USA will reach 4.4 new gigawatts installed in 2013, being one of the fastest growing markets for this technology worldwide.
Energias de Portugal, S.A. (“EDP”), a vertically-integrated utility company, headquartered in Lisbon, Portugal, is the majority shareholder of EDP Renováveis. EDP Group is Portugal´s largest industrial group and one of Europe´s primary energy companies. Currently, it is the Iberian Peninsula´s third largest energy operator with business interests in generation, distribution and supply of electricity and gas in Portugal and Spain.
These new projects consolidate Abengoa within the solar sector in the USA, where has participated in the construction of Mount Signal, a 265MW photovoltaic plant that Abengoa is constructing for AES Solar in California.

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A select group of influential speakers will offer insights on the future of liquefied natural gas (LNG) as a transport fuel for ships at the upcoming Gastech , the world’s leading LNG and natural gas conference and exhibition.
Gastech 2014 will host a day-long seminar on LNG Fuel Technology as part of its Centres of Technical Excellence (CoTEs) programme, a series of free exhibition seminars taking place at the KINTEX exhibition and conference center in Seoul, South Korea, from March 25 to 27, 2014.
The Gastech CoTEs technical seminar programme is dedicated to delivering knowledge, education and awareness of technological innovations in the gas industry.
The focus on LNG fuel technology will be of special interest to Korea since its leading ports, such as Busan, could become regional bunkering centres for supplying LNG as a marine fuel. Korea’s shipbuilding industry must also consider the adoption of LNG as a fuel in retrofitting existing vessels and constructing new ones.
Industry experts believe the use of LNG as a transport fuel is becoming more feasible because of tougher environmental regulations and the gradual delinking of LNG prices from oil prices.
The use of LNG as a shipping fuel is starting to occupy a significant portion of marine market minds,” said Luis Benito, global strategic marketing manager of Lloyd’s Register, which will present the stream. Benito will join high-level speakers from some of the world’s most-respected global gas industry companies and organisations who will participate in the CoTEs. The LNG fuel technology will feature speakers from KOGAS, Lloyd’s Register, Finland’s marine solutions company Wärtsilä, Shell Eastern Petroleum and France’s GTT engineering group, who are confirmed to share the latest developments in the sector.
Topics to be covered during the stream include developments in LNG bunker port operations and safety procedures, incorporating LNG fuel tanks into ship design, as well as regional highlights on projects in North America and Canada.
“We look forward to addressing this very specific fast-growing market and to meet major representatives of our customer industries during this event,” said Rolf Stiefel, sales director at Wartsila.
LNG fuel technology will be one of the nine CoTEs streams at this year’s event, which also include LNG & gas carrier ship technology, offshore & subsea technology, liquefaction, power generation, natural gas vehicles, health, safety, security & environment, pipeline infrastructure and NGL & GTL technology.
The LNG Fuel Technology CoTEs stream takes place at the Gastech Exhibition on Tuesday 25 March 2014 at KINTEX1. For more information, please visit www.gastechkorea.com/cotes

In 2013 Endesa installed 253 charging points across Spain, expanding its charging network in the country by 42%. Alongside its parent company Enel, Endesa remains firmly committed to promoting e-mobility as a key tool for tackling climate change. As a result, over the last three years Endesa installed 853 charging points for residential and corporate customers in Spain. Although most of the charging points have been addressed to corporate customers, residential installations have also been carried out, as part of the comprehensive service Endesa provides its customers with. For this reason, Endesa has just launched a new product to make e-mobility more accessible for Spanish customers: the new “Endesa End-to-end Charging Point Solution”. This is an all-inclusive service for Euro 1.85/day that offers cutting-edge charging technology for any electric vehicle, with maximum charging security, comfort and speed.
In addition to this new product, Endesa continues to offer turnkey solutions for all kind of customers, meaning they are tailored on their charging needs according to the use and the fleet to be incorporated. Endesa’s product catalogue includes a wide range of equipment to offer each customer the charging solution that best meets their needs, varying from conventional to rapid charging points. Within the framework of this offer, a team of technicians are available to visit the customer’ s premises for an assessment of the electricity system and a personalised estimate of the charging solution requirements.
Endesa also offers to electric vehicle users a special green tariff which has three time slots allowing to charge the vehicles at night at a significantly reduced rate.
With regard to products for local government and institutions, last year Endesa launched the E-mobility Pack. This initiative foresees the gradual replacement of internal fleets of fuel-run vehicles at city councils with electric ones, the installation of a charging point for every vehicle replaced and other value-added mobility services, such as controlling and monitoring the charging infrastructure, managing the fleets and optimising routes.
Charging network in Latin America
The Enel Group also continues to foster e-mobility in Latin America. In 2013, it installed another 58 charging points, expanding the charging network by 87% and increasing to 124 the total number of units installed over the last three years in the region. In Colombia, electricity distribution company Codensa installed 49 charging points last year, in addition to the 18 installed in the two previous years. The company plans to roll out a further 95 charging points in the future. In Chile, Brazil, Peru and Argentina, a total nine charging points were installed, with another 35 in the pipeline for this year.
New fast-charging networks
At the beginning of 2013, Enel certified and installed the new AC pole 43kW, expanding the product family of charging stations equipped with Enel smart meter and connected to the Group eMobility Management central system.
At the end of 2013, Endesa and Enel presented their proprietary fast-charge solution, FASTO (FAST TOgether), a new charging point that can charge any electric vehicle on the market since it is equipped with the three types of fast-charge connectors currently available (the CCS or combo connector, the IEC 62196-2 connector and the ChadeMo connector).

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Iberdrola, along with Gamesa, Red Eléctrica de España (REE) and the Institute for Technological Research (IIT) at the University of Comillas, has successfully completed the Syserwind demonstration project.
Through this R+D+i initiative a number of power-frequency and voltage units and control systems have been created to optimize the connection between the wind farms and electricity transmission networks.
The project was run at 15 Iberdrola wind farms located in Andalusia, equipped with Gamesa wind turbines, with a combined installed capacity exceeding 480 megawatts (MW).
These farms, connected to three nodes of the 400 kV transmission network operated by REE, have been equipped with this system, developed within Syserwind, thus enabling a coordinated approach to controlling the power generated by the facility and changing the voltage in the grid.
Analysis of results was handled by the IIT at Comillas University who have confirmed the technical feasibility of wind power when involved in monitoring power-frequency and voltage in the electricity system.
Syserwind was one of six full-scale demonstrations conducted under the European Twenties programme, which aims to advance the development of new technologies which will enable wind power to be introduced into the European electricity system on a massive scale.
Syserwind’s results contribute to further improving the performance of wind energy, a renewable technology that Iberdrola has invested in since its beginnings.
Moreover, so far this year, the company has been awarded several contracts, for which it will invest more than €1bn in Mexico.
The latest milestone came last week, when the group snatched the bidding from Abengoa for the Federal Electricity Commission’s (CFE) project to build a combined cycle plant in the State of Chihuahua for over €600m.
The project involves a 900 megawatt plant, as well as associated facilities needed to connect the plant up to the country’s electricity system.
The construction work on the plant, to be named North III, will begin in May of this year, and is scheduled for commercial operation in July 2016.
Iberdrola has secured the sale to the Mexican state company, the Federal Electricity Commission, of all the energy produced by the combined cycle plant, Norte III, for a period of 25 years.
The gas for this new plant will be supplied by the Federal Electricity Commission and the contract is dollarized, like all other similar projects the company has in Mexico. The company, Alstom, will supply part of the technology for the plant with a cooling system using an air-cooled condenser composed of three gas turbines and one steam.
Just a few weeks ago, the company was awarded a similar contract to build a combined cycle plant in Baja California III with a capacity of 300 megawatts, requiring an investment of 200 million euros. Iberdrola is also announcing a 22 megawatt (MW) upgrade to reach 102 MW for the La Ventosa wind power complex, one of three farms in Mexico.
Thus, Iberdrola has already made investment commitments of more than €1bn in Mexico, a key country in its international growth strategy. Specifically, the company’s Strategic Plan in Latin America includes an investment of €2.415bn net between 2012 and 2014, 23 percent of the total planned (€10.5bn).
Iberdrola thus ratifies its position as the largest private electricity producer and the second in line in Mexico after the CFE. The company already has an operating capacity of over 5,200 megawatts, mainly through combined cycle gas turbine plants and also wind farms.
The company has taken advantage of the greater openness of the Mexican market and intends to stay alert to new business opportunities. Ongoing legislative changes and regulatory upheavals have led Iberdrola to opt for countries such as Mexico, Brazil and the UK.

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SunEdison Inc., a leading solar technology manufacturer and provider of solar energy services, the Public Investment Fund (PIF) of the Government of Saudi Arabia and the Saudi Arabian Investment Company (Sanabil Investments), signed an agreement to jointly fund a feasibility study for the establishment of a vertically integrated solar PV (photovoltaic) manufacturing complex at Wa’ad Al Shammal in Saudi Arabia. This follows a successful preliminary study between the National Industrial Clusters Development Program (NICDP) and SunEdison in 2013.
The proposed project, entailing the production of polysilicon through modules, would support the growth of the solar energy industry in the Kingdom, and is consistent with SunEdison’s long term strategy.
The complex would utilize both SunEdison’s proprietary high pressure silane fluidized bed reactor (HP-FBR) polysilicon, and continuous Czochralski (CCz) crystal ingot technology and equipment, as well as include solar wafer, cell and module manufacturing, employ attractive debt financing for the approximately $6.4B project, and would begin production in 2017, ramping to 3 GW (gigawatts) annually. A significant percentage of polysilicon and ingot production would support the 3 GW planned module output, with the remaining crystal production addressing the market with a substantial cost advantage. Demonstrating strong support, the Ministry of Petroleum and Minerals pointed out it will provide the required quantities of natural gas, and the Saudi Electrical Company (SEC) will provide the needed power requirements for the project.
“We anticipate substantial growth of solar PV within the Kingdom and the region. This project will support that growth, and the growth aspirations of SunEdison and our Saudi partners,” said Ahmad Chatila, CEO of SunEdison. ”
Eng. Azzam Shalabi, President of NICDP said, “This project will be capable of building a complete industrial eco-system that is sustainable and able to compete on a global level by utilizing pioneering technology developed by SunEdison to produce high purity polysilicon, and high-efficiency, low-cost mono-crystalline ingots, in addition to benefiting from economies of scale given the size and vertically integrated nature of the complex.”

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