Monthly Archives: octubre 2015

The Renault -Nissan Alliance will provide the world’s largest electric-vehicle fleet ever to an international conference. As the official passenger-car provider for the United Nation’s COP21 climate conference in Paris, the Alliance will provide 200 pure electric vehicles to the annual summit which runs from Nov. 30 to Dec. 11.

Together, the vehicles are expected to cover more than 400,000 km, emitting zero emissions* while shuttling delegates during the 21st annual Conference of Parties (better known as COP21). More than 20,000 U.N. participants from 195 countries are expected to attend COP21.

“Electric vehicles are a practical and affordable mode of transportation. At the same time, they offer a solution for drastically reducing tailpipe CO2 emissions. They also reduce regulated exhaust pollutants, helping us to improve the air quality in our cities. Together, the public and private sectors can accelerate the transition to a zero-emission society,” said Carlos Ghosn, Chairman and CEO of the Renault-Nissan Alliance.

The COP21 car fleet will feature the Renault ZOE subcompact car, the Nissan LEAF compact car and the 7-seater Nissan e-NV200 van. The vehicles will be available to shuttle delegates 24 hours, seven days a week to and from the Le Bourget conference venue, as a complement to public transportation.

This marks the first time the U.N. will use a zero-emission or 100% electric fleet for its entire passenger-car shuttle at a climate summit.

200 Renault and Nissan employees volunteer to drive at COP21
The 100% electric cars will be driven by a team of 200 professional drivers and 200 volunteers from Renault and Nissan. In June, the Renault-Nissan Alliance launched a call for volunteers to allow employees in and around Paris the opportunity to be part of COP21 as volunteer drivers. The response was overwhelming with more than 450 employees applying before the recruitment process was closed. The 200 successful Renault and Nissan applicants, as well as the professional drivers, will undergo a rigorous training program in preparation for the event.
“Renault and Nissan employees are at the forefront of the electric-vehicle revolution. Many of them already drive an electric vehicle. They are the best ambassadors to demonstrate the benefits of these cars and what zero-emission mobility is all about,” said Ghosn.

The Renault-Nissan Alliance will set up network of 90 quick and standard charging stations in strategic locations with French electric utility company EDF powered by low-carbon electricity. The residual emissions will be offset under an accredited U.N. carbon offsetting program. The quick charging stations will be able to charge the EVs from 0 to 80% capacity in about 30 minutes.
The Alliance has sold more than 274,000 electric vehicles around the world, accounting for half of all EVs on the road since its first electric vehicle Nissan LEAF went on sale in late 2010.
*No CO2 emissions and no regulated exhaust pollutants while driving, according to NEDC homologation cycle.

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Rolls-Royce is so far the only manufacturer of diesel gensets in Germany to have been awarded accreditation by the BDEW (German Association of Energy & Water Industries). The certificate applies to MTU Onsite Energy diesel gensets in the 600 to 3,200 kWe power range, which meet all of the association’s requirements with respect to the German grid code. The operators of these onsite energy power plants are therefore authorized to feed the power they generate into the public power grid. The certified products are based on proven standard gensets from MTU based on Series 2000 and 4000 engines whose electrical and electronic components have been configured and fine-tuned according to the special requirements of the grid code. M.O.E. Moeller Operating Engineering GmbH was engaged to provide verification.

Germany has played a pioneering role in the promotion of grid codes, with large power stations being closed down, there has been significant growth in distributed power generation based on wind, water and solar energy. This transition requires new ways of thinking and new technologies. The now accredited capabilities of the gensets for contributing to frequency and voltage stability, and for helping to restore the power supply in the event of a black-out, generally enhance power grid reliability.

The certified gensets must be able to perform two essential tasks: during normal power grid operation, they must support the grid operator in maintaining quality criteria such as power grid voltage, and a grid frequency of 50 Hz. In the event of a power grid disruption, they must be capable of generating power continuously in order to prevent a black-out.

One of the first BDEW-certified diesel gensets from MTU Onsite Energy has now been installed and commissioned in an industrial bakery in Germany. It is based on an 18-cylinder Series 2000 diesel engine and delivers 1,000 kW. Since mid-September, it has been used as a back-up in the event of a power outage for safeguarding the production of frozen bakery products. When power demand peaks, it also switches in to grid-parallel operation. This occurs for example, at midday, when production is running at full swing, and an uninterrupted flow of power is needed for lighting, conveyors, refrigerators, the frost plant, and for regulation and control of the baking lines. To deploy the genset for peak power generation and possibly for operating reserve at a later date, it had to comply with the new grid code requirements set by the German Association of the Energy and Water Industries (BDEW).

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Worldwide investment in renewable energy and energy-smart technologies totalled $70bn in the third quarter of 2015, just 1% below the equivalent figure a year earlier, according to the latest data from Bloomberg New Energy Finance. A 25% rise in investment in the US, and much larger jumps for Brazil and Chile, were among the highlights as global investment reached $70bn in the third quarter

The largest projects to be financed in Q3 this year included CSP, plants in China, Israel and South Africa, and four offshore wind farms in Chinese waters – the first real wave of sea-based wind projects to get the go-ahead outside that technology’s original market, Europe.

However, the countries enjoying the biggest-percentage gains in investment in the third quarter of 2015 compared to Q3 2014 were mostly in the Americas. Brazil saw investment jump 131% on a year earlier to $2.3bn, thanks to a rush of wind project financings, while Chile leapt from $180m in Q3 2014 to $1.6bn in the latest quarter, and the US enjoyed a 25% surge in investment to $13.4bn.

Part of the explanation is the ongoing improvement in cost-effectiveness of solar and wind relative to fossil fuel generation. That is enabling those renewable energy technologies to attract a big share of power sector investment everywhere from China and Japan to Latin America and South Africa.

The detail of Bloomberg New Energy Finance’s data shows that asset finance of utility-scale renewable energy projects totalled $47.3bn in the third quarter, down 4% on the same quarter of 2014, but spending on small-scale projects, such as rooftop solar, increased 21% to $19bn.

Among the big utility-scale projects funded were the Qinghai solar thermal plant in China, at $866m for 200MW, the Longyuan Haian Jiangjiasha offshore wind farm, also in China, at $856m for 300MW, and the SolarReserve Redstone solar thermal complex in South Africa, at $749m for 100 MW.

Investment in specialist clean energy companies by venture capital and private equity funds shot up 92% in Q3 this year to $2bn, helped by a $500m VC round for Chinese electric vehicle company NextEV and a $150m financing for View, the California-based electronically tinting window technology developer.

Public markets, meanwhile, invested $3.7bn in clean energy companies in Q3, down 38% compared to the same quarter in 2014. The biggest equity-raisings were a $750m issue by Tesla Motors, the electric car maker, and a $675m initial public offering by TerraForm Global, a US-based “yieldco” owning renewable energy assets in emerging markets.

Breaking the figures down by region, China was once again the largest centre for investment, at $26.7bn in Q3, some 5% up on the same period a year earlier. The US was second, at $13.4bn, boosted by financial close for a succession of solar and wind projects worth several hundred million dollars each.

Asia-Pacific outside India and China was the third biggest region, at $11.4bn, down 1% on Q3 2014. However, Europe saw investment of just $5.8bn in the latest three months, down 48% from the third quarter of last year and its weakest performance since Q4 2004.

Angus McCrone, senior analyst at Bloomberg New Energy Finance, said: “The drop in European investment reflects in part a lull in offshore wind financings in Q3, after no fewer than three deals worth more than $2bn off the coasts of the UK and Germany in the second quarter. But it is also the case that support policies have become less friendly to wind and solar investors in several countries, including Italy, Germany, Denmark and, most recently, the UK.”

Looking at the global numbers by sector, investment in solar slipped 1% to $43.9bn in Q3 2015 compared to a year earlier, while that in wind fell 5% to $20.5bn. Among the smaller sectors, biomass and waste-to-energy attracted $1.3bn in Q3, down 26%, while small hydro-electric projects of less than 50 MW harnessed $1.5bn, up 41%, and geothermal $530m, down 16%.

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Exergy has signed a contract with EDA Renováveis for the construction of a 4 MW geothermal binary plant in the Azores, Portugal. The plant will be built on Terceira island in an area called Chambre-Pico Alto. The plant is planned to be fully operational by the beginning of 2017.

The scope of the contract is to realize a turnkey solution for the construction of the Pico Alto geothermal power plant utilizing the geothermal resource available from the existing wells in the most efficient way. The design and manufacturing of the ORC plant and the engineering, procurement and construction phases will be carried out by Exergy together with CME, a well-established international EPC company with headquarters in Lisbon, Portugal.

The resource is at high enthalpy and both vapor and liquid phases are exploited after separation. The use of the binary technology has been preferred to the traditional flash power plants due to its better fitting to the environmental constraints and its higher capacity of adapting to the variation in resource flow rate and pressure.

The plant will exploit the resource by means of an efficient cycle design that utilizes the heat available either in the geothermal brine and steam flows in its heat exchangers. No extra water will be used thanks to the direct air cooling of the working fluid. The highest possible conversion efficiency will be reached thanks to the Radial Outflow Turbine specifically designed for EDA Renováveis by Exergy’s engineers.

A groundbreaking ceremony for Pico Alto project was held on Terceira on 22nd October, organized by EDA Renováveis and chaired by the Regional Secretary of Tourism Mr. Vítor Ângelo de Fraga and the Chairman of EDA Renováveis Prof. Duarte José Botelho da Ponte. Taking part in the ceremony, EXERGY’s CEO Claudio Spadacini.

Duro Felguera (DF), in a 50/50 consortium with Elecnor, has won the tender called by the Comisión Federal de Electricidad (the Federal Electricity Commission or CFE in Spanish) in Mexico to build the Empalme II combined cycle power plant in the State of Sonora. The project is for 397 million dollars, equivalent to 349.3 million Euros. The deadline for delivery is estimated at 30 months.

According to the contract terms, signed at the close of business on Friday 23 October in Mexico City, the capacity of the Empalme II plant will be roughly 790 MW, and it will be gas-fired. There will be two gas turbogenerator units, two heat recovery boilers with three pressure levels and a steam turbine. The cooling system will be simple and will employ seawater. The plant will be connected to a 400 kW substation.

According to CFE, the purpose of the facility is to meet the growing demand for electricity in the north-west of the country.

Mexico is the country where DF has delivered most projects in Latin America, mainly in the field of energy. The power installed is almost 4,500 MW. Since 1998 the company has collaborated in the delivery of combined cycle, open cycle and cogeneration power plants with technologists such as Westinghouse, Siemens and Alstom Power.

DF’s first steps in Mexico in the field of energy were taken in 1998 in projects that the group had contracted by means of its subsidiaries Felguera Montajes y Mantenimiento and Mompresa, for the installation of turbomachinery. Both companies had previous experience in Colombia and started work in Mexico with the electromechanical assembly at the 150MW open cycle power plants of El Sauz, Hermosillo and Huinalá.

These projects were delivered to Westinghouse and followed by the full electromechanical assembly of recovery boilers at the combined cycle plants of Monterrey I, II and III, and Hermosillo, and for the full electromechanical assembly of the Rosarito plant, this time for the multinational ABB Alstom Power, and in larger facilities. In the first decade of the 21st century, the company was contracted by Siemens-Westinghouse to deliver the majority of the work at the open cycle plants of El Sauz II and El Encino: preparing the land, civil works, supplying the balance of plant equipment, the complete electromechanical assembly and commissioning.

These experiences enabled DF to keep on working in the country, with practically the whole assembly of the power plants of Valle de México, Naco Nogales, San Lorenzo and Tuxpan, in some cases almost 350 MW. In addition to the work on all these gas-fired power plants, in 2003 and 2004 the company delivered an EPC turnkey project for a cogeneration plant within the Pemex petrochemical Pajaritos plant, located in Veracruz. In this case DF took on the whole project, from the engineering to commissioning: 39 MW and 180 tons of steam per hour. Almost ten years later, Mompresa built further cogeneration plants in Mexico: one for the paper manufacturer Biopappel in Veracruz, and another for the textile company Kaltex Fibers in Altamira.

Apart from the energy field, DF has also worked on projects on Mexico for the petrochemical, iron and steel, cement and bulk handling sectors, for clients as important as Pemex, Cemex and Altos Hornos de México.

The multinational OPDE, who specialise in the development, investment and maintenance of photovoltaic farms, increases its activity in Mexico with photovoltaic installations on industrial, commercial and residential rooftops.

From the Mexican office, OPDE aim to boost its presence in the photovoltaic energy market of this country. In addition, Mexican Administrations foresee that 35% of the electricity produced in Mexico will come from renewable sources by 2024.

“Our presence in Mexico dates back to 2010 and after five years we want to consolidate and secure our presence in this market. With our extensive product portfolio and expertise, we are strategically betting on this market to reach its full potential. In fact, in addition to large scale installations, OPDE’s offer covers industrial projects, as well as residential and commercial photovoltaic energy installations, which we believe, will be vital in the country‘s future energy mix” a statement from an OPDE director said.

To bring to fruition this new boost to its presence in the Mexican market, OPDE uses its vast international experience, and has a combined development and construction of 225MW in solar photovoltaic farms located in Italy (48,8 MW), United Kingdom (69,8 MW) and Spain (105 MW).
In addition to Mexico, the company is also active in the USA and Chile, currently having 800 MW in development.

Consultants at Ecofys have recently carried out a study for EURIMA, the European Association of Insulation Manufacturers, to assess the role that energy efficient buildings can play in Europe’s future power system, as these buildings have the potential to reduce costs and increase efficiency on the supply side.

The heating sector is currently expecting electrification due to the growth in electric heat pumps to supply heating (and cooling) to the EU’s building stock. This will require significant investments in electricity production capacities and a consequent strengthening of the grid. These investments could be reduced through energy efficiency measures that lead to a decrease in the energy demand of buildings. As such highly efficient buildings offer benefits to the power systems in two ways:

By reducing energy demand: this translates into a reduction of the system peak and a corresponding reduction in generation and grid infrastructure investments. Furthermore, it leads to a reduction in the amount of energy that needs to be generated and transmitted and ultimately to a reduction of the system’s operational costs and associated losses.

By providing the grid with increased flexibility: the flexibility of heat demand refers to the ability of heat pumps to change their operation without affecting temperature comfort levels inside the building. Typically, highly efficient buildings have a higher capacity to change heating operation over time, as a well-insulated building envelope can maintain the desired stable room temperature over a longer period, even when the heating system is turned off. This increased flexibility can translate into a reduction in the peak demand and to a reduction in system losses by reducing marginal losses.

The study reveals (comparing the situation in 2050 with a high efficiency scenario to that of a low efficiency scenario) that a highly energy efficient building stock, via a reduction in the peak loads of electric heat pumps and the ability to change heating demand over time (as highly efficient building envelopes can keep the desired room temperature stable for a longer period when the energy supply is interrupted), has the capacity to significantly reduce the necessary peak capacities and avoid distribution losses.

The reduction in peak load from the reduced electricity demand for electric heat pumps due to energy efficient buildings is 57 GW. This matches the current total electricity production capacity (renewable and non-renewable) of Austria and the Netherlands combined. The impact of energy efficiency on the flexibility of the power systems leads to an additional reduction in peak load of the EU’s power system of around 12 GW. This is a lower limit of impact, as in practice grid operators have to balance demand and supply not at EU level but at national/regional boundary level (with less options to balance), which translates into higher peak load savings from the gained flexibilities.

Moreover, the huge fluctuation of the growing share of renewable electricity production will further increase the need for flexibility on the demand side. In financial terms, the total CAPEX savings in 2050 could amount to €73bn (impact of the reduced electricity demand for electric heat pumps by high efficiency buildings) plus an additional €16bn (impact of the increased flexibility of running heat pumps in highly efficient buildings) resulting in a total CAPEX reduction of €89bn in 2050 (and up to €153bn if more national/regional limits are taken into account).

As a consequence, highly energy efficient buildings (both new and deep retrofit buildings) not only generate benefits at building level itself but can also deliver benefits at electricity system level, thus supporting a robust future energy system.

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Siemens has received an order to supply six gas turbines, four steam turbines and ten generators for a new combined-cycle power generating facility in Qatar with an integrated seawater desalination facility. Siemens’ customer is Samsung C&T, which is building the entire complex together with its consortium partner Hitachi Zosen. The end-customer is the project company Umm al Houl, a consortium comprising the Qatar Foundation (QF), Qatar Petroleum (QP), Qatar Water and Electricity Company (QWEC), Mitsubishi Corporation (MC) and Tokyo Electric Power Company (Tepco).
With a total electrical output of 2.5 gigawatts, and up to 136 million imperial gallons (618 million liters) of drinking water per day, the plant will deliver almost one quarter of the nation’s installed power generating capacity. It will ensure adequate power and water supply to accommodate seasonal fluctuations and major events. Commissioning of the first phase is scheduled for 2017, with commissioning of the entire complex scheduled for mid-2018.

The new power plant is to be located in the Umm al Houl Economic Zone in the south of the country between Al Wakrah and the industrial city of Mesaieed. The plant will consist of two power blocks, each in a 3+2 configuration – each block to consist of three gas turbines which will be used to generate the steam to drive two downstream steam turbines. Siemens’ scope of supply includes six SGT5-4000F gas turbines, four SST5-4000 steam turbines and ten SGen5-1200A-series generators as well as technical support for the project’s field erection and commissioning phases.

Siemens has now received two major orders from Qatar in a short span of time. Besides the major order for power plant components, Siemens has also signed a long-term service contract with the gas company Dolphin Energy Limited, headquartered in Abu Dhabi. Siemens will provide service and maintenance for nine aero-derivative gas turbines from former Rolls-Royce Energy and the associated nine Dresser-Rand compressors over the contract period of eighteen years.

Siemens has been partnering with Qatar to power its ambitious growth aspirations across various sectors in the past years. Siemens and Doosan Heavy Industries & Construction Co. Ltd. formed a consortium, which in 2009 completed the combined-cycle power plant unit Ras Laffan B, which generates close to 1,000 megawatts. This was followed by an order in 2012 for turnkey supply of a streetcar system as well as intelligent solutions for power distribution. Siemens then received an order from Qatar in 2013 for a sewage treatment system. In August the company was awarded a major order by the state-run Qatar General Water & Electricity Corporation (KAHRAMAA) for turnkey supply of 18 electrical substations.

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Acciona Windpower and Nordex are joining forces to create a major new player in the wind industry.

Nordex, a listed German wind turbine manufacturer headquartered in Hamburg, with a market capitalisation of €2 billion, will acquire Acciona Windpower from Acciona S.A., a global renewable energy and infrastructure group. The transaction is valued at €785m, payable in cash (€366m) and 16.1 million in new Nordex shares (€419m) equal to a 16.6% stake in the German company.

At the same time, Acciona S.A. will acquire 13.3% of additional existing Nordex shares, valued at €335m, from Skion-Momentum, an investment vehicle of the Quandt family and Nordex’s current main shareholder.

As a result of both transactions, Acciona S.A. will become the largest shareholder in Nordex with a 29.9% stake, while Skion-Momentum will retain a 5.7% share in the listed German company.

The transaction is subject to approval by relevant competition authorities.

In combining their activities, Nordex and Acciona Windpower will create a truly global company with complementary international footprints and technologies, and the potential to rank among the top 5 global onshore wind turbine manufacturers.

Acciona Windpower and Nordex complement each other in a number of important areas. Nordex has a strong market position in Europe, while Acciona Windpower is well-positioned in the Americas and emerging markets with manufacturing facilities in the US, Brazil and Spain, and a new factory under construction in India. The combined group has an estimated total order backlog of approximately 2.8GW in 2015.
Acciona Windpower’s products are primarily aimed at large-scale wind farms that require efficient and sturdy machines for unconstrained terrains, while Nordex’s products are well-suited to complex projects in populated areas subject to technical restrictions.

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The Chairman of Sacyr and the Sacyr Foundation, Manuel Manrique, and the Mayor of Málaga, Francisco de la Torre, have signed an agreement of collaboration for the design of a sustainable urban and administration model, based on new technologies, to consolidate Málaga as a reference and model city within the context of Smart Cities.

The main lines of work to be undertaken within the scope of the agreement are as follows:

• Projects to improve the management of urban cleaning and waste collection services.
• Projects for the treatment and energy assessment of waste.
• Projects for the preservation, maintenance and restoration of urban heritage.
• Projects for management scorecard and the monitoring of services.
• Projects for the sustainable construction and energy of municipal buildings.
• Development of technological improvements for the control of urban mobility.
• Projects for sustainable urban vehicular actions.
• Research for the development of new treatments to improve water quality.
• Development of new technologies to improve the urban environment.
• Research and development of energy efficient lighting systems.

This agreement falls within the context of the Sacyr Foundation’s commitment to promote collaboration and the sponsoring of research, development and innovation projects to provide value to those communities in which the group conducts its activities; all part of its Master Corporate Social Responsibility Plan.

The City’s objective with this agreement is the pursuit of actions for the promotion, implementation, development and participation in activities that may contribute toward the economic, technological and social development of the city of Málaga and its environs. To this regard, it participates in innovative projects within the context of the smart city, such as the current Málaga Smart City project.

One of the goals of this project is to make it possible to experience new city models based on the modernization of public services. Furthermore and via Promalaga, the City Council manages the Public Demonstration Center of Information Technologies and Communications for Innovation in Smart Cities, Ubiquitous Technologies and Digital Content, which it wishes to turn into a meeting point between ICT innovation and the needs of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (PYMES, in its Spanish acronym).

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