Monthly Archives: noviembre 2016

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Planta fotovoltaica Longyangxia. China. Foto: POWERCHINA / Longyangxia PV plant. China. Photo: POWERCHINA

The global solar PV market is set to increase its installed capacity from around 225 GW in 2015 to 294.69 GW in 2016, and will see China remain the world’s largest market for annual solar PV installations, according to research and consulting firm GlobalData.

The company’s latest report states that China installed 15.13 GW of new installed PV capacity in 2015, with cumulative capacity reaching 43.48 GW by the end of 2015. The country’s PV installed capacity has increased around 13-fold since 2011.

In the first quarter of 2016, China added a total of 7.14 GW of PV capacity, of which 6.17 GW accounted for solar PV power plants, and 970 MW for distributed PV. The installation can be attributed to the country’s efforts to boost green energy and adjust the energy mix dominated by coal. In the first half of 2016, a rush of solar PV installations was witnessed, as PV power projects which were connected to the electricity grid prior to June 30, 2016 will be entitled to reap benefits from higher 2015 solar feed-in tariffs (FiTs). Indeed, China witnessed increased solar growth due to rising demand across the region ahead of the subsidy policy adjustment.

China’s 13th Five Year Plan (FYP) sets the 2020 solar PV target at 150-200 GW, and aims to shift focus from scale expansion towards quality and efficiency. The FYP also intends to attain a non-fossil fuel renewable energy consumption of around 15% by 2020 and 20% by 2030.

Although domestic demand for solar installations in China fell in Q3 2016 as a result of FiT reductions, the state council has issued The Energy Development Strategy Action Plan (2014-2020), which aims to strengthen the overall strategy of China’s energy development, control the growth of energy consumption per unit GDP, promote more efficient green energy production and consumption, and effectively improve the competitiveness of the energy industry through a set of measures and targets.

The new solar PV installation tariffs and distributed PV electricity price subsidy standards will reduce gradually over time in order to promote scientific and technological development and efficiency, and improve the market competitiveness of PV power generation.

Source: GlobalData

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The Spanish company Grupo Clavijo has supplied all of the fixed structures for the Oriana I and Oriana II PV plants, with capacities of 28.62 and 29.03 MWp respectively, in the municipality of Isabela, Puerto Rico, which are owned by Sonnedix and were each completed within five months. The dual-column structures used were installed with a tilt angle of up to 20˚ in certain areas and robustly designed in accordance with the local conditions, being based near the sea. Their design means that they can be seamlessly adapted to the terrain and are quick and easy to assemble.

Grupo Clavijo has over 10 years of experience in the photovoltaic sector, with over 1.2 GW installed across the world. It has a strong presence on the American continent, where it has installed PV plants in both Latin America (Chile, Mexico,Honduras, Uruguay and El Salvador) and the USA.

Grupo Clavijo has various production plants in Spain, the USA, Chile and Brazil and offices on the East and West Coasts of the USA and in Abu Dhabi, Chile and Brazil, as well as having its corporate headquarters in Spain.

Source: Grupo Clavijo

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Zouxian 4×300 MW, 2×600 MW & 2×1,000 MW. Central eléctrica de combustible fósil en China. Foto cortesía de Dongfang Electric / Fossil fuel power plant, China. Photo courtesy of Dongfang Electric

The global market for boilers, turbines, and generators is set to decrease from a cumulative $318 billion during the period 2010-2015, to $241 billion during 2016-2020, as capacity installation from thermal fuels continues to decline due to an increased focus on renewable energy sources and environmental issues associated with fossil fuel-fired power plants, according to research and consulting firm GlobalData.

The company’s latest report states that to meet growing demand for electricity, countries worldwide have focused on increasing installed capacity, primarily in the nuclear and renewables sectors. Aside from a transition towards cleaner sources of power generation, the other factors affecting this market are environmental concerns, tough economic conditions, and fluctuations in fossil fuel prices.


Swati Gupta, GlobalData’s Analyst covering Power, explains: “China will be the leader in this market, although its market is forecast to decline from around $17.7 billion in 2015 to $14.9 billion by 2020. Indeed, the gas power equipment market, although small when compared to the coal market, will register considerable growth over the forecast period, as China moves towards cleaner sources of power generation. As a means to achieve this, in its 12th Five-Year-Plan (FYP), China has set a target to increase the share of natural gas in its energy mix to 10% by 2020. The government also plans to replace conventional coal power plants with advanced technology large capacity power plants, which will represent new opportunities for market players.

Although this market will continue to be dominated by China, with an expected 31% share of this $47.8 billion market in 2020, challenges will remain. The market’s poor outlook in other regions, however, will ensure China remains dominant. In Europe, for example, declining electricity consumption coupled with increased emphasis on green energies will drive the market down.

Source: GlobalData

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According to GTM Research’s latest report, the U.S. PV Price Brief H2 2016, pricing for fixed-tilt ground-mount PV systems fell 17 percent in the past 6 months. Prices for residential PV systems fell 8.6 percent in the same time period. This new report breaks down U.S. residential, commercial and ground-mount PV pricing across 11 distinct hard and soft cost categories. Furthermore, it identifies areas for cost reductions and details pricing across five U.S. regions.

Due to a global supply and demand imbalance, pricing for modules has declined rapidly. From the first half of 2016 module pricing has fallen by 33.8% pushing down systems pricing for all market segments. As modules make up a greater portion of utility system price than residential or commercial, changes in the module market disproportionally impact overall utility systems pricing.


As such, the price drops in the utility market are the greatest – 17.4% for fixed-tilt and 14.9% for single-axis tracking. Modules are not the sole driver for the 17.4% and 14.9% change in fixed-tilt and tracking; aggressive market entrants in the inverter and racking markets are also pushing prices down rapidly.

Customer acquisition costs remain a pain point, but hardware cost fall rapidly. While customer acquisition costs grew by 10% in the second half of the year, overall systems still saw a 8.6% decrease in pricing. Various stakeholders have criticized the comparatively slower residential soft cost reduction- drops in hardware costs, will allow installers extra breathing room to address these costs on their own timeframe.

Almost all of the pricing change in the commercial market came from modules. In H2, of the $0.232/Wdc drop in systems pricing all but $0.014/Wdc came from modules. This speaks to the persistent challenge of soft costs in the commercial PV market.

Throughout each market segment, non-installation labor soft costs grow as a portion of total systems price. Due to rising residential customer acquisition costs, non-installation soft costs rise across all market segments. However, on average labor costs in each market segment has decreased by at least $0.01/Wdc from H1 to H2 2016.

Source: GTM Research

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Ingeteam is finalizing the launch of its new PV string inverter, which will make it possible to achieve a power output of 100 kWAC in a single, 75 kg unit. This inverter will be on show at the Solar-Tec fair in Cairo (Egypt) from the 4th to 6th December, and is set to go into production in June 2017.

This new three-phase inverter, commercialised under the name INGECON SUN 100TL, is suitable for indoor and outdoor installation alike, and is primarily directed at commercial, industrial and large-scale projects.


Its main advantage over other models on the market lies in its significant cost savings potential, given the fact that its high power density means that it is possible to drastically reduce the number of inverters to be installed and, therefore, the total amount of cabling. Furthermore, no combiner boxes are required (either in DC or AC) and neither is a neutral cable necessary, thereby reducing the total AC cabling cost by up to 20%. All this leads to huge reductions in capital expenditures (CAPEX).

This inverter also means lower operating costs, thanks to the wireless communication which permits the startup, monitoring and control of the PV system through either a mobile phone, tablet or laptop. Furthermore, its string inverter philosophy guarantees minimum possible maintenance requirements, with no need to vacuum the inverter interior or to check the state of the fuses, the thermal magnetic breaker or torque.

In addition to its high power density, the inverter’s main features include its high maximum efficiency (98.8%), Wi-Fi and Ethernet communications supplied as standard, maximum DC input voltage of up to 1,100 VDC and advanced grid support functionalities, with a low-voltage ride-through capability and reactive power capability. What’s more, this inverter family is also suitable for three-phase self-consumption systems, with or without the injection of excess energy into the public grid.

Ingeteam is to showcase two different models for this PV inverter (STD and PRO) in order to adapt to its customers’ needs and to the technical requirements of as many projects as possible.

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Gamesa has entered into an agreement with Terna Energy for the supply of 74 of its G114-2.1 MW turbines (155 MW) at a wind complex being developed in Texas, in southern United States. This order is included in the third-quarter order intake figure already disclosed, which amounted to 1.090 MW.

Under the terms of the agreement, Gamesa will deliver and commission the project and supply Operation and Maintenance services for 5 years. The turbines are slated for delivery in 2017, with commissioning to be completed the same year. Optimized for low and medium wind speed sites, the turbine model is one of Gamesa’s most competitive to date.


The company has a long and established presence in the United States. Completion of the project, along with others under construction, will tip Gamesa’s total installed capacity in the United States past 5,000 MW.

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Photo. Rec Solar. SolarPower Europe

SolarPower Europe is calling on the European Commission to address the needs of solar power and storage technology in its upcoming Energy Union Package. The association’s Task Force on Solar & Storage has created 10 Policy Asks that are crucial to develop an appropriate framework for solar & storage.

Riccardo Amoroso, Chief Innovation Officer of Enel Green Power and Vice President of SolarPower Europe, says, “The industry is being very successful in bringing down the cost of stationary battery storage and in improving its ability to provide efficient services and solutions to the market. Today we need European policy makers to put in place stable regulatory conditions including clear definitions and an appropriate market design to ensure a level playing field among competing solution providers. Such conditions will allow for further innovations and corresponding market growth.”


While the solar power market in Europe has been in a transition phase over the last few years, the combination of solar and storage is the perfect fit to lift solar power to the next growth level.

Michael Schmela, Executive Advisor at SolarPower Europe, comments “If the regulatory environment for solar & storage is set effectively, solar power will strongly contribute to reaching the 27% target for renewable energy in 2030 in the current draft RE directive. Implementing our 10 policy priorities for solar & storage in the Energy Union Package would already go a big part of the way to achieving the realistic 35% target SolarPower Europe would like to see in the new REDII 2030 directive.”

The benefits solar & storage bring to the energy system and European consumers are manifold. Solar & battery storage allows consumers to implement new and smart business models that maximize the value of solar electricity. It unlocks solar’s flexibility potential at the consumer level – consumers could now offer services to grid operators. On a system level, solar generation can be used more cost-effectively together with storage.

Thomas Doering, Policy Analyst at SolarPower Europe and Coordinator of the Task Force Solar & Storage says “Solar & battery storage installations represent an important flexibility option for the entire energy system, enabling to inject or absorb electricity generated by a solar system when the system requires it. Together, solar & battery storage allows continuous short term supply of clean and cheap electricity, overcoming the variability of solar electricity generation.

Solar & storage – 10 policy priorities

The combination of solar and storage is the perfect fit to bring penetration of solar power to the next growth level in Europe, to achieve 2030 RES targets, flexibility requests across the EU and active consumers. To allow the combination of solar & storage to provide its full potential, SolarPower Europe asks for a dynamic and adequate regulatory environment to keep pace with the quickly changing technology developments. The following 10 policy asks – at both European and national levels – are crucial to develop an appropriate framework for solar & storage:


  1. An EU-wide definition of “electricity storage” should be introduced in the revised Electricity Directive. This definition should:

a. Establish electricity storage as a new type of asset on the grid that can provide multiple services – next to traditional transmission, distribution and generation assets

b. Acknowledge that electricity storage provides value as it can both absorb and release electricity from and into the grid

c. Set the ground for a fair taxation of stored electricity, in particular to avoid double taxation

d. Recognize the commercial value of flexibility services provided at system as well as local level and encourage energy planners, regulators and system operators to integrate electricity storage in their planning

  1. Clarifying the definition and rights of active consumers regarding storage: the REDII should enshrine the right for consumers to self-generate and consume renewable energy:

a. Consumers need to be able to own and operate storage devices without discrimination

b. The stored electricity must be free of specific taxes or charges

Market design

  1. An appropriate reform of the intraday markets is crucial for enabling large-scale solar plants to better take on balancing responsibilities. This will also push for new solutions combining solar & storage.
  1. A real market for selling and procuring flexibility services must be developed, both at transmission and distribution levels.

a. Distributed energy resources should have full market access, being able to stack value across existing and new markets wherever appropriate

b. Minimum sizing requirements should be reduced

c. Products on the ancillary services markets should properly value the high accuracy, fast response, synthetic inertia etc. that storage can provide

d. Contract durations in ancillary service markets should not be unnecessarily short as such durations may penalise potential solutions with high CAPEX or which cannot easily be redesigned to suit short contract durations

e. DSOs should have the right to procure flexibility services from transmission and distribution level

  1. A clear basis regarding rules and circumstances under which TSOs and DSOs may operate storage solutions must be developed.
  1. Targeted solar tenders can incorporate as a weighting selection criteria the co-location of solar & storage (for instance on islands). The ability to avoid grid congestion might be a lever for deploying storage solutions.
  1. The exchange of electricity on a community scale via collective self-consumption schemes must be possible for active consumers. Third party intermediaries should be allowed to operate active consumers’ electricity storage devices via pooling platforms, such as virtual power plants or peer-to-peer mechanisms.
  1. Clear rules regarding data transparency and access for all stakeholders are required: Data transparency & access are foundational enablers for stakeholders to proactively develop innovations in grid design and operation that increase reliability as well as safety. Next to this, data access is an important pillar to advancing solar & storage solutions both at theconsumer level (for determining economics) as well as at the grid level (for integrating distributed energy resources).Without data sharing, key stakeholders are sidelined from proposing new solutions that drive innovation and increase consumer choice.


  1. Active consumers should be remunerated fairly for providing their devices to deliver services that support the electric grid. To achieve fair remuneration and service provision, tariffs must provide consumers and service providers with price signals to be able to act upon market developments and system needs.
  1. Distribution grid tariffs must be “fit for the energy transition”. They should incentivise consumers to invest in technologies such as storage and advanced meters to allow the smartening of distributed solar PV by ensuring a balanced approach between volumetric and capacity-based grid tariffs. This balance can evolve over time (grid tariffs are set every 4 to 5 years on average in Europe) to accompany the progressive penetration of solar and storage.

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The contribution of bioenergy to achieving the EU's 2020 objectives is crucial. By 2020, the target of 20% of energy production from renewables is expected to be achieved

In 2014, the contribution by renewable energy amounted to 16%, according to the 2016 Statistical Report on the Development of Bioenergy in the European Union, a paper drawn up every year by AEBIOM, the European Biomass Association. At that time, bioenergy accounted for 61% of all the renewable energy consumed, the equivalent of 10% of Europe’s gross final energy consumption. And the turnover generated by the biomass industry in the EU reached €55bn in 2014, up 32% on every10, according to EurObserv’ER.

The EU’s energy consumption in heating and cooling accounts from some 50% of the total, with 82% of that energy consumption covered by fossil fuels, 16% by biomass and the remaining 2% by other renewable energies. This is why bioenergy and renewables are becoming a key priority in policies specifically regarding the HVAC of the EU’s buildings. Bioenergy is currently the leading renewable energy for thermal use accounting for 88% of the uses for heating and cooling, or 16% of Europe’s gross final energy consumption.


One fact that is very important to highlight is that contrary to common belief, the woodlands of the EU-28 have been continuously growing over the last decades. In 1990, Europe’s woodland amounted to 19.7 billion m³ while in 2015, it stood at 26 billion m³, representing an increase of 34% over the last quarter of a century and coinciding with the years in which biomass has been used in a hi-tech format (pellets and wood chips) as source of renewable energy. According to Eurostat, in the EU-28, woodland has gained 322,800 hectares per year, the equivalent of a growth rate of one football pitch every minute.

Endesa has extended its range of photovoltaic products by launching a solar PV self-consumption solution for homes. This is the first time the company is offering a product that covers the design, processing and legalisation of the system and also includes training future owners, installing batteries and maintaining the entire infrastructure.

The registration process is 100% digital and involves carrying out a personalised study within 48 hours of being requested. The study includes an in-depth analysis of customers’ hourly curves and their solar production, taking into account various aspects: meteorological and geographical aspects and consumption habits. It also includes the proposal’s economic model, with the total amount and the fee for a financing option. Furthermore, customers are informed of their annual savings, in both economic and energy terms and they are offered various environmental awareness indicators.


Endesa’s Comprehensive Photovoltaic Solar Solution includes the analysis of the photovoltaic system the customer needs, based on their consumption curve, advice for customers, the system installation, processing the necessary licences and the complete legalisation of the system. Once the system is up and running, Endesa will manage the regular maintenance of the system and remotely monitor the plant in order to detect any incidents in due course.

The product is aimed and single-family homes and it is offered to the company’s existing customers and to non-customers. Endesa has designed a special electricity tariff to accompany this product, providing a lower price during the periods in which there is less sunlight.

An average size single-family home with eight photovoltaic panels installed could reduce your energy consumption by 30%, which is equivalent to over 500 euros per year. This type of installation could be contracted for € 85 euros per month over 84 months. Apart from the economic advantages, this solution also offers environmental benefits; a household of these characteristics can prevent the emission of 1,470 kilos of CO2 per year, which is equivalent to planting 75 trees.

In order to know how much you consume, how much the installation has produced on a daily basis, or what this all means in terms of your bill, Endesa also offers customers an app that monitors the installation from any mobile device.

Photovoltaic solutions for companies

This new proposal offered by Endesa for domestic customers complements the photovoltaic solution already offered by Endesa for small and medium-sized enterprises, with over 30 MW in installed projects in Spain.

For companies, Endesa covers 100% of the photovoltaic solar plant investment, designing, constructing, legalising and operating the installation. Therefore, companies do not have to cover any of the investment, which enables them to save from the very first year. The installation becomes the property of the customer after approximately half the plant’s service life (15 years).

Such is the case, for example, of a hotel in the Canary Islands, which enjoyed accumulated savings of over € 12,000 during the first five years thanks to the installation of photovoltaic panels, covering 11% of the demand with self-consumption. This means that, at the end of the panels’ service life (between 25-30 years), this hotel will have saved over € 320,000and prevented the emission of 2,751 tonnes of CO2 during its entire service life, which is equivalent to planting 4,958 trees.

Source: Endesa

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Iberdrola and Navantia have signed, in London, the contract to construct the electrical substation for the East Anglia 1 offshore wind farm in the UK. The scope of the contract includes the construction of one module, its jacket support structure, at the Puerto Real shipyard and the offshore support for its connection and commissioning in the North Sea.

The contract will involve an estimated workforce of on average 350 people, however there will be peaks of up to 600 over the next two years. The works will start shortly and will conclude in around 2 years’ time with the installation of the jacket and the module in the North Sea.


Navantia is expected to collaborate with and support Iberdrola over the coming months in the initial project phase, in the development of the engineering works as well as in other activities with the aim of guaranteeing delivery periods and the quality of the supplies from the main collaborators. Manufacturing will start next spring.

The East Anglia 1 wind farm is situated in the south-eastern area of the North Sea, some 45 km south-east of the town of Lowestoft and covers an area of some 300km2. East Anglia 1 comprises 102 wind turbines with a total installed capacity of up to 714 MW. The wind turbines will be assembled on jacket-type steel structures.

Navantia also has a pre-agreement in place, expected to be signed soon, to construct 42 jackets that will support the wind turbines. These parts will be manufactured at the Navantia shipyard in Fene, Ferrol.

The wind farm is equipped with an electric substation (OSS) and two AC circuits connected to an onshore substation in Bramford (north of Ipswich), adjacent to the existing National Grid substation. The module consists of four housings supported by 4 feet covering a surface of 22 x 26 m. The total estimated weight of the module is around 3,500 tonnes.

The total height of the jacket is 58 m, including 12 J-tubes for the cables array and a further 2 for the transmission cable. It will also be equipped with two boat landings so that vessels can moor to the substation. The total weight of the jacket structure is approximately 2,400 tonnes and that of the 4 piles is 1,167 tonnes.

SAJ Electric