Monthly Archives: enero 2017

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Special issue focusing on sustainable mobility, published as a supplement to the December 2016-January 2017 issue of FuturENERGY, for special distribution at the following events: EE&RE Exhibition (Bulgaria,7-9/03), EEVC 2017 (Switzerland, 14-16/03), Smart Energy Congress & EXPO 2017 (Spain, 15-16/03), MABIC 2017 (Spain, 4-8/06)

This special report includes the following:

COVER STORY
Renault ZE: the most comprehensive range of EVs on the market. Leading Spanish and European sales in 2016

The electric vehicle: the key to sustainable town planning
The New Nissan LEAF: a new chapter in the history of the top-selling EV
Charging a bus in 15 seconds. Battery optimisation for a flash-charged bus
Scandinavia’s first inductively-charged bus route enters into service
EMT Madrid to test inductive charging on an e-bus route
100% electric buses take centre stage all over Europe
Products
User-adapted electric vehicles with optimised energy consumption
SALSA, a pilot project for EVs powered using renewable energy alone

Read more…

As of the 10th January 2017, Ingeteam has been part of the CharIn organisation, focused on growing the fast charging system for CCS Combo electric vehicles.

This Berlin-based CharIn e. V. association was founded by Audi, BMW, Daimler, Mennekes, Opel, Phoenix Contact, Porsche, TÜV SÜD and Volkswagen. The purpose of the association is to provide sufficient support to the fast charging infrastructure for the next generation of electric vehicles with higher operating ranges, which are currently being developed by many manufacturers.

 

CharIn is drawing up the specification for a new 350 kW ultra-fast charger offering charging times of just 20 minutes for 300 kms.

Now that Ingeteam is a member of this organisation, the company is in a position to collaborate in drawing up the technical specifications required for the development of rapid charging, and may possibly conduct interoperability tests.

Source: Ingeteam

From automotive to mobility supplier: Schaeffler is putting solutions for Mobility for tomorrow and change at the center of its exhibition presence at the Consumer Electronics Show, CES 2017

The attention grabber on the stand is Schaeffler’s bio-hybrid, a compact mobility solution for urban areas. This covered mini-vehicle offers more than just protection from the weather: Its four wheels provide high driving stability and with a length of only just over two meters and a width of 85 cm, it occupies very little space. Propulsion is via an electric powertrain designed by Schaeffler.

Schaeffler is also addressing the change which is happening at the component level and is presenting its contributions to the field of digitalization. The rolling bearing, which is the technology company’s conventional product, is becoming a sensor for the networked automobiles of the future. Sensor coatings incorporated in the bearings at a microscopic level will allow them to measure torques, revolutions, forces and temperatures in the future – and thus supply invaluable data.

 

Electromechanical actuators, such as the active roll control system which Schaeffler has already put into production, will be able to provide data to the Internet of Things in the future. The active roll control system compensates movements in automobile chassis caused by driving around corners or on uneven road surfaces. When combined with intelligent wheel bearings, a high-accuracy satellite navigation system and a communications module, it may, in the future, be possible to produce a real-time image of the condition of the road. This could then be used to send information to vehicles following behind or to the infrastructure operator.

Transmissions for future, electrified generations of vehicles are a further point of focus for Schaeffler at the exhibition – for example in self-driving taxis which can navigate their way through cities autonomously. In this case, all the drive components, with the exception of the battery, are located within the wheel. This makes it possible to have automobiles which have an extremely good usable space/footprint ratio whilst at the same time offering excellent maneuverability. “The urban spaces of the future will require the smallest possible traffic footprint with the maximum mobility,” says Prof. Gutzmer. “Innovative drive concepts such as the wheel hub motor make new types of mobility possible and are extremely significant components as far as digitalization is concerned.” The level of electrification in conventional vehicles is already increasing.

Source: Schaeffler

Gamesa has entered into two new agreements with Iberdrola for the supply of 325.5 MW in total in Mexico. These orders consolidate the company’s position in this market, in which it has entrenched itself as the leading OEM.

The first contract encompasses the installation and commissioning of 84 of the company’s G114-2.625 MW turbines (220.5 MW) at the Pier IV wind farm located in the state of Puebla. The turbines are scheduled for delivery in early 2018, while the facility is due to be commissioned in March 2019.

 

The second order entails the supply of 50 of Gamesa’s G114-2.1 MW turbines (105 MW) at the Santiago Eólico wind farm located in the state of Guanajuato. These turbines are due to be installed during the second half of 2018 and the complex is scheduled to come on stream in April 2019. Besides these new orders, Gamesa has already supplied 360 MW to various wind farms developed by Iberdrola in Mexico.

Technological prowess

Gamesa’s 2.1-MW turbines offer the most competitive metrics in terms of investment per megawatt installed and cost per unit of output. This is possible thanks to their versatile combination of a 2.1-MW generator with one of five possible rotor sizes – diameters of 80, 87, 90, 97 and 114 metres – for optimal performance no matter the site or wind conditions.

The firm’s 2.625-MW turbines, meanwhile, which are underpinned by the technology proven and validated in Gamesa’s 2.0-MW platform, come in three rotor sizes: 106, 114 and 126 metres.  Their higher nominal capacity – 2.625 MW – in turn delivers higher output and a lower cost of energy.

Source: Gamesa

Acciona Energía now covers all the electricity consumption of Google’s installations in Chile under a long-term supply contract signed by the two companies, with energy generated in its El Romero Solar photovoltaic solar plant. This helps the company to achieve Google’s objective of supplying all its operations worldwide with 100% renewable energy by 2017.

Acciona’s supplies to Google in Chile will continue until 2030, with an option for a five-year extension at the client’s discretion. The contract covers the supply of up to 80 MW of electric power per annum through Chile’s main power grid, the Central Interconnected System (SIC), to which the photovoltaic plant and Google’s data center in Quilicura are both connected. It is one of the 13 Google’s data centers worldwide and the only one located in the Southern hemisphere.

 

The start of supplies to Google visualizes one of Acciona Energía’s strategic lines of business, i.e. working with major corporate clients that wish to reduce their carbon footprint through the supply of 100% renewable energy.

In operation

El Romero Solar is located in Vallenar in the Atacama Desert (around 645 kilometers north of Santiago), one of the areas of the world with the highest solar radiation. It gradually entered service towards the end of 2016 and is now in commercial operation after a record-breaking 13 months’ construction period.

With a maximum capacity of 246 MWp, the plant consists of 776,000 photovoltaic modules with a solar capture area of more than 1.5 million m2.

The biggest photovoltaic plant built, owned and operated by Acciona to date represented an investment of around 343 million US dollars. Its average annual production is estimated at 493 GWh, equivalent to the electricity demand of 240,000 Chilean homes, and avoiding the emission of around 475,000 metric tons of CO2 to the atmosphere from conventional coal-fired power stations.

Presence in Chile

El Romero Solar is the second asset owned by Acciona Energía in Chile after the Punta Palmeras wind farm (45 MW) located in the region of Coquimbo, which entered service in October 2014. The company, awarded a total of 1,116 GWh in the last two electric power auctions in Chile, now has 270 MW in wind power projects to be built in the near future and a strong portfolio of wind power and photovoltaic projects under development.

Source: Acciona Energía

New investment in clean energy worldwide fell 18% last year to $287.5bn, excluding large hydro-electric plants of more than 50 MW, despite a record year for offshore wind financings, according to the latest authoritative figures from research company Bloomberg New Energy Finance.

The 2016 setback in global investment, signaled in advance by weak quarterly figures during the course of last year, partly reflected further sharp falls in equipment prices, particularly in solar photovoltaics. However, there was also a marked cooling in two key markets, China and Japan. Clean energy investment in China in 2016 was $87.8bn, down 26% on the all-time high of $119.1bn reached in 2015, while the equivalent figure for Japan was $22.8bn, down 43%. After years of record-breaking investment driven by some of the world’s most generous feed-in tariffs, China and Japan are cutting back on building new large-scale projects and shifting towards digesting the capacity they have already put in place.
China is facing slowing power demand and growing wind and solar curtailment. The government is now focused on investing in grids and reforming the power market so that the renewables in place can generate to their full potential. In Japan, future growth will come not from utility-scale projects but from rooftop solar systems installed by consumers attracted by the increasingly favorable economics of self-consumption.

Offshore wind was the brightest spot in the global clean energy investment picture in 2016. Capital spending commitments to this technology hit $29.9bn in 2016, up 40% on the previous year, as developers took advantage of improved economics, resulting from bigger turbines and better construction knowhow.
Last year’s record offshore wind tally included the go-ahead for the largest ever project, Dong Energy’s 1.2G W Hornsea array off the UK coast, at a cost of $5.7bn – plus 14 other parks of more than 100 MW, worth anywhere between $391m and $3.9bn, in British, German, Belgian, Danish and Chinese waters. The offshore wind record last year shows that this technology has made huge strides in terms of cost-effectiveness, and in proving its reliability and performance. Europe saw $25.8bn of offshore wind investment, but there was also $4.1bn in China, and new markets are set to open up in North America and Taiwan.

Even though overall investment in clean energy was down in 2016, the total capacity installed was not. Estimates from BNEF’s analysis teams are that a record 70 GW of solar were added last year, up from 56 GW in 2015, plus 56.5 GW of wind, down from 63 GW but the second-highest figure ever.

Geographical split

Clean energy investment in the US slipped 7% to $58.6bn, as developers took time to progress wind and solar projects eligible for the tax credits that were extended by Congress in December 2015. Canada was down 46% at $2.4bn.

Investment in the whole Asia-Pacific region including India and China fell 26% to $135bn, some 47% of the world total. India was almost level with 2015, at $9.6bn, with several giant solar photovoltaic plants going ahead.

Europe was up 3% at $70.9bn, helped by offshore wind and also by the biggest onshore wind project ever financed – the 1 GW, $1.3bn Fosen complex in Norway. The UK led the European field for the third successive year, with investment of $25.9bn, up 2%, while Germany was second at $15.2bn, down 16%. France got $3.6bn, down 5%, and Belgium $3bn, up 179%, while Denmark was 102% higher at $2.7bn, Sweden up 85% at $2bn and Italy up 11% at $2.3bn.

Among developing nations, many saw investment slip as projects that won capacity in renewable energy auctions during 2016 did not secure finance before the year-end. Investment in South Africa fell 76% to $914m, while that in Chile dropped 80% to $821m, Mexico fell 59% to $1bn and Uruguay 74% to $429m. Brazil edged down 5% to $6.8bn. One of the emerging markets to go the other way was Jordan, which broke the $1bn barrier for the first time, its clean energy investment increasing 147% to $1.2bn in 2016.

2016 investment by category and sector

The biggest category of investment in clean energy in 2016 was, as usual, asset finance of utility-scale renewable energy projects. This totalled $187.1bn last year, down 21% on 2015. The biggest seven financings were all in offshore wind in Europe, but there were also large deals in Chinese offshore wind (the Hebei Laoting Putidao array, at 300 MW and an estimated $810m), in solar thermal (the 110 MW, $805m Ashalim II Negev plant in Israel), solar PV (the 580 MW, 31 Dominion SBL Portfolio in the US, at an estimated $702m), biomass (the 299 MW, $841m Tees project in the UK) and geothermal (the ENDE Laguna Colorada installation in Bolivia, at 100 MW and $612m).
Among other categories of investment, small-scale projects of less than 1 MW – including rooftop PV – attracted 28% less investment than the previous year, the 2016 total finishing at $39.8bn. Most of this year-on-year drop reflected falling costs of solar systems rather than a decline in interest from buyers.

Public markets investment in quoted clean energy companies was $12.1bn in 2016, down 21%. Most cash was raised by Innogy, the renewable power offshoot of German utility RWE, which secured just over $2.2bn of new money in an initial public offering, and BYD, the Chinese electric vehicle maker, which took just under $2.2bn via a secondary share issue.
Venture capital and private equity investment in clean energy firms rose 19% to $7.5bn, with the largest rounds coming from two Chinese electric vehicle businesses, Le Holdings and WM Motor Technology, raising $1.1bn and $1bn respectively. US solar developer Sunnova took the third most, at $300m. Corporate research and development spending on clean energy fell 21% to $13.4bn, while government R&D moved up 8% to $14.4bn. Last but not least, asset finance of energy smart technologies surged 68% last year to $16bn, helped by a jump in global smart meter spending, from 8.8bn in 2015, to $14.4bn.

Taking all categories of investment into account, solar was the leading sector once again, at $116bn, but this was 32% down on 2015 levels, due in large part to lower costs per MW. Wind saw $110.3bn invested, down 11%, while energy smart technologies attracted $41.6bn, up 29%, biomass was more or less level on 2015 at $6.7bn, and biofuels secured just $2.2bn, down 37%. Small hydro showed a 1% dip in investment to $3.4bn, while low-carbon services attracted $4.3bn, up 5%, geothermal $2.7bn, up 17%, and marine energy $194m, down 7%.

Record acquisition activity

Also measured by BNEF, but not included in the figures for new investment, is acquisition activity in clean energy. This totaled $117.5bn in 2016, up from $97bn in 2015 and the first time this has broken the $100bn level. Behind the surge were a rise in renewable energy project acquisitions to $72.7bn and, in particular, a leap in corporate M&A to a record $33bn. The top takeovers included Tesla’s acquisition of SolarCity for $4.9bn and Enel’s buy-back of the minority holders in Enel Green Power for $3.5bn.

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A new comprehensive study from the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), reveals the enormous potential of renewable energy in the South East Europe region. The report, Cost-Competitive Renewable Power Generation: Potential across South East Europe, was released at a high-level meeting preceeding the opening of the seventh session of IRENA’s Assembly, which gathered policymakers from SEE and key regional stakeholders, to discuss the opportunities and challenges in expanding the share of renewable energy in SEE.

The report underscores that SEE possesses vast renewable energy potential – equal to some 740 GW. The region’s wind energy (532 GW) and solar PV (120 GW) potential is largely untapped, and 127 GW of this overall renewable energy potential could be implemented in a cost-competitive way today. The report says this figure could rise further, to above 290 GW.

 

“The region’s case for renewables is strong, particularly for solar and wind. Harnessing these resources will result in affordable energy, job creation, improved air quality, and a means to meet international commitments”, said IRENA Director-General Adnan Z. Amin. “Solar and wind energy are now viable power supply options and the region is well poised to further scale-up its power systems sustainably.”

The report provides useful guidance for decision-makers in the SEE region seeking to scale-up renewables, in line with new long-term EU renewable energy target aimed at driving future economic growth.

Increasing deployment and continued technological innovation have led to sharp cost reductions and improved cost-effectiveness, particularly for solar PV and wind energy. IRENA’s report shows that almost the entire potential of solar PV and wind energy in SEE, can be cost-competitively deployed by 2030. The broader macroeconomic impact of renewable energy deployment, along with notable socio-economic benefits, such as creating employment, developing local manufacturing capacity, avoiding health and environmental costs, and addressing climate change.

Source: IRENA

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The global wind turbines market is set to experience a degree of turbulence over the next few years, rising steadily from $76.54 billion in 2015 to $81.14 billion in 2019, and dipping to $71.21 billion in 2020, according to research and consulting firm GlobalData.

The company’s latest report states that technological developments have paved the way for more effective and reliable equipment and machinery, making wind one of the most reliable sources of power in the global market. The steady growth of the wind energy market up to 2019 will be fuelled by declining costs of wind power generation, financial incentives by many governments, and growing environmental concerns.

 

Swati Gupta, GlobalData’s Analyst covering Power, notes: “Despite the initial year-on-year growth of the wind turbine market during the forecast period, the expiration of Production Tax Credits (PTC) in the US market in 2020 will have a negative impact on global wind turbine installations and market value in the same year.”

“The PTC for wind energy, which pays $23 per MWh will remain until 2016, followed by incremental reductions in value for the years up to January 2020. The projects which start construction in 2017 will get 80% of the credit, those that qualify in 2018 will get 60%, and those in 2019 will get 40%. The PTC for wind facilities will be phased out completely if the construction starts after December 31, 2019. Thus, the wind power market is expected to see a huge rush of capacity additions during 2016–2019 to take the benefits of tax credit extensions before they expire.”

In terms of regional market share, China is set to continue its dominance of the sector throughout the forecast period, and will be responsible for 26% of the market in 2020, a long way ahead of second-place Germany, with 10%. To meet growing electricity demand, China has focused on increasing its installed capacity mainly from renewable energy sources and nuclear power plants.

Source: GlobalData

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The market for combined heat and power (CHP), which produces electricity and usable heat in a single, highly-efficient process, is set to increase its installed capacity from 755.2 GW in 2016 to 971.9 GW by 2025, at a compound annual growth rate of 2.8%, according to research and consulting firm GlobalData.

The company’s latest report states that the increasing global demand for electrical power and the simultaneous rise in environmental concerns are major drivers of the CHP market, along with increasing government incentives and policies to promote it.

 

Anchal Agarwal, GlobalData’s Analyst covering Power, notes: “CHP plants are attractive because they recover heat that is normally wasted in conventional power generation methods, which together have an efficiency of around 45%. CHP systems, however, can be up to 90% efficient, and are used in industrial, institutional, and large commercial applications.”

GlobalData’s report also states that Asia-Pacific (APAC) had the largest regional share in 2015, with 45.9% of global CHP installed capacity, attributable to countries such as China, India, and Japan. The share is expected to reach 48.5% of global installed capacity by 2025.

Agarwal explains: “One of the reasons for APAC’s dominance is that China and India are the top carbon emitters and largest polluter countries. Growing manufacturing, increasing electricity demand, and rising numbers of vehicles are the key contributors to pollution, and have forced governments to install CHP plants.

“The International Energy Agency established CHP installed capacity targets of 333 GW in China and 85 GW in India by 2030. These targets are expected to lead to the introduction of policy incentives, which will drive the growth of CHP installations.”

Source: GlobalData

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Solar module production capacities in the European Union (EU) decreased in 2016, while the output of EU factories dropped in a two-digit range, according to a survey by SolarPower Europe, the association of the European solar sector.

In 2016, module manufacturers had facilities in the EU with 6.7 GW annual production capacity, a 3% drop from 6.9 GW in 2015. Production output decreased by 16% in the same period to around 2.7 GW, from 3.2 GW in 2015. The utilization of the module factories in the EU continued to decline to 40% in 2016, from 46% the year before.

 

The survey also shows that cell manufacturing capacities remain much lower than module capacities in the EU at a constant level of around 1.8 GW in 2015-16. But even this small cell capacity is mostly used in-house.

Michael Schmela, Executive Advisor and Head of Market Intelligence at SolarPower Europe, stated, “Our survey shows that unfortunately many of the EU module production facilities are simply ghost capacities. There are several reasons for the consolidation of the EU’s solar module production sector, including the rather low demand for solar in Europe and local module factories being often too small to compete for standard solar applications. But a key factor making local EU-based module manufacturers life very hard today is the Minimum Import Price (MIP) for solar cells, which keeps low-cost Asian products the companies need at artificially high levels. If the European Commission really wants to see module manufacturing jobs in the future in the EU, it needs to abandon the MIP and measures now.”

Source: Solarpower Europe

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