Monthly Archives: marzo 2017

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Global renewable energy generation capacity increased by 161 GW in 2016, making the strongest year ever for new capacity additions, according to data released by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA). Renewable Energy Capacity Statistics 2017, estimates that by the end of last year the world’s renewable generation capacity reached 2,006 GW, with solar energy showing particularly strong growth.

IRENA’s new data shows that last year’s additions grew the world’s renewable energy capacity by 8.7%, with a record 71 GW of new solar energy leading the growth. 2016 marked the first time since 2013 that solar growth outpaced wind energy, which increased by 51 GW, while hydropower and bioenergy capacities increased 30 GW and 9 GW respectively.

 

Asia accounted for 58% of new renewable additions in 2016, according to the data, giving it a total of 812 GW or roughly 41% of the global capacity. Asia was also the fastest growing region, with a 13.1% increase in renewable capacity. Africa installed 4.1 GW of new capacity in 2016, twice as much as 2015.
This year’s edition of Renewable Energy Capacity Statistics contains for the first time data specifically for off-grid renewables. IRENA shows that off-grid renewable electricity capacity reached 2,800 MW at the end of 2016. Roughly 40% of off-grid electricity was provided by solar energy and 10% from hydropower. The majority of the remainder came from bioenergy. It is estimated that globally as many as 60 million householdsare served with and benefit from off-grid renewable electricity.

Highlights by technology

Hydropower: In 2016, about half of new hydro capacity was installed in Brazil and China (14.6 GW in total). Other countries with major hydro expansion (over 1 GW) included: Canada; Ecuador; Ethiopia and India.

Wind energy: Almost three-quarters of new wind energy capacity was installed last year in just four countries: China (+19 GW); USA (+9 GW); Germany (+5 GW); and India (+4 GW). Brazil continued to show strong growth, with an increase of 2 GW in 2016.

Bioenergy: The majority of bioenergy capacity expansion occurred in Asia last year (+5.9 GW) and Asia is fast approaching Europe in terms of its share of global bioenergy capacity (32 per cent compared to 34 per cent in Europe). Europe (+1.3 GW) and South America (+0.9 GW) were the other two regions where bioenergy capacity expanded significantly.

Solar energy: Asia saw the most growth in solar capacity last year, with capacity of 139 GW (+50 GW). Almost half of all new solar capacity was installed in China in 2016 (+34 GW). Other countries with significant expansion included: USA (+11 GW); Japan (+8 GW) and India (+4 GW). Capacity in Europe expanded by 5 GW to reach 104 GW, with most expansion occurring in Germany and the UK.

Geothermal energy: Geothermal power capacity increased by 780 MW in 2016, with expansions in Kenya (+485 MW), Turkey (+150 MW), Indonesia (+95 MW) and Italy (+55 MW).

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Gamesa has secured a new agreement with Eolia Renovables, Spain’s leading independent renewable energy operator, for the provision of operations and maintenance services in respect of 146 MW of turbines located in Spain for five years, until 2022.

This marks the renewal of the agreement to operate and maintain this customer’s 73 G90-2.0 MW turbines, installed at eight wind farms throughout Castile La Mancha, which the company has been servicing since they were commissioned.

 

Gamesa’s end-to-end proposition in the wind power industry is rounded out by its operations and maintenance area, which services over 400 customers for which it maintains some 7,620 MW in Spain and over 16,690 MW in another 40 countries.

Source: Gamesa

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FRV has announced the financial close of two of the four projects awarded in the second round of Jordan’s solar independent power producer (IPP) tender. Both projects represent a combined investment of US $180 million and will start construction in the region of Mafraq, a premium location with high solar irradiation in the north of the country.

Once construction is completed, the solar plants – called Mafraq I and Mafraq II – will generate 133.4 MW DC. This represents approximately 2% of Jordan’s total generation capacity, sufficient energy to supply more than 80,000 Jordanian households per year. Both projects will avoid the emission of over 160,000 tons of CO2 per year, which is equivalent to removing approximately 34,000 cars from the country’s highways.

 

It is estimated that the projects generate 500 jobs during their construction phase and they are expected to begin operations in June 2018. Mafraq I and Mafraq II will supply power at 6.9 and 7.6 US$ cents per kWh respectively, prices below the average cost of electricity in Jordan.

As part of its commitment to the social and economic development of the communities where it operates, FRV together with IFC, EBRD and PROPARCO signed in December two scholarship agreements with IE University related to these projects. The scholarships, called Young Talented Leaders, are intended to cover the training and accommodation expenses of two Jordanian students for the completion of bachelor’s degree courses at IE University in Madrid. One of them has been awarded to the student Sarah Riyad al Atiyat, who began her studies last September, and the other one will be awarded for this academic year 2017-2018.

Additionally, on the 2nd and 3rd of April, 2017 FRV will be sponsor at the 3rd Jordan International Energy Summit (JIES), under the patronage of His Majesty King Abdullah II ibn Al Hussein and The Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources in Jordan, Tristán Higuero, COO for FRV in the Middle East, Africa, Asia and Australia, will participate as a speaker and will give an update on the projects themselves and the positive impact they will have in the country.

Source: FRV

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EDF Luminus has ordered wind turbines at Siemens Wind Power for two projects located in the Belgian municipalities of Dessel and Mol as well as in Beveren. The nine 3.2 MW wind turbines of the Siemens D3 product platform will be installed at the wind projects “Sibelco” and “Katoen Natie – Loghidden City”. The wind energy order includes a service and maintenance agreement for a period of 15 years.

The two wind power plants have a combined generation capacity of 28.8 MW. Both projects will be equipped with the Siemens SWT-3.2-113 wind turbine with a rotor diameter of 113 meters and a rating of 3.2 MW. The nacelles of the Katoen Natie project will be mounted on towers with a hub height of 127.5 m. For the Sibelco projects it is in and 99.5 meters. Turbine installation for both projects will start in October 2017.

 

“The new contract with EDF Luminus is an important achievement for us,” said Thomas Richterich, CEO Onshore, Siemens Wind Power. “That consolidates a long-term collaboration with EDF Luminus and strengthens our position in the Belgian market.”

Source: Siemens

Over 100 years after the legendary London department store first added an electric van to its fleet, Harrods is once again returning to EV technology, with the addition of the 100 percent electric Nissan e-NV200 delivery van.

The British department store is the latest European business to add a zero emission Nissan e-NV200 to its fleet, with more than 27,000 Nissan electric vehicles sold to businesses across Europe so far. Nissan officially handed over the 100 percent electric van to Harrods outside its luxury Knightsbridge store this week.

 

The Nissan e-NV200 has been specially adapted to perfectly fit Harrods’ delivery needs. The load space of the van has been fully refrigerated and shelving units added to allow for fresh groceries to be transported in optimum condition. The exterior has also been wrapped in the traditional green and gold Harrods livery to make it recognisable as it travels around the city.

The e-NV200 has a range of up to 170 km on a single charge*, which means it is easily capable of making up to 50 deliveries per week covering an average distance of 241 km in the London area with Harrods only needing to charge it once a week. With an average running cost of as little as €0.03 per km, the e-NV200 offers an alternative practical solution which will have a positive effect on city-centre air quality.

In 1919, the store used solid-tyred American Walker electric vans, later building its own fleet of 60 electric vehicles to deliver goods to local London customers. As petrol engines became more popular, the electric vans were slowly phased out. However with the introduction and development of new infrastructure and technology, Nissan has enabled Harrods to have an all-electric van on its fleet once again.

Source: Nissan

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A new report published the World Economic Forum and Bain & Company, The Future of Electricity: New Technologies Transforming the Grid Edge, concludes that the adoption of new grid edge connected smart technologies in OECD countries could generate over US$2.4 trillion of value for society and the electricity sector over the next 10 years, stemming from new jobs and from the reduction in carbon emissions arising from the increased efficiency of the overall system.

The report describes the main changes facing the electricity sector, given the impact of technology and innovation on traditional models, from power generation to “behind the meter” energy management. Its conclusions particularly point to three trends that are converging to bring about these changes in the sector: electrification, decentralisation and digitilisation. These trends are currently found in grid edge connected smart technologies such as: distributed storage, distributed generation, smart meters, smart apparatus and EVs, all of which are impacting on the electrical system.

 

The rapid fall in the costs of these technologies is driving their adoption by customers. Smart meters, connected devices and grid sensors will enhance grid management efficiency and, more importantly, will make real time information available to customers as regards the supply and demand of energy throughout the system. The anticipated increase in the uptake of electric vehicles could offer the grid greater flexibility in the form of storage, but could also lead to problems of congestion, for example, if a large number of EVs want to charge up in a specific geographical area at the same time.

These technologies could improve the electric infrastructure utilisation rate. The electrical system was constructed to cover the maximum demand, meaning that a significant proportion of the infrastructure is inactive most of the time. In the USA, the average utilisation rate in 2015 of the majority of the power generation infrastructure was under 55%. A 10% reduction in peak demand could create up to US$80bn of value by increasing the overall utilisation rate of the infrastructure.

The deployment of these technologies will place the customer at the centre of the electrical system. With correct pricing and market design, customers could generate their own electricity, store it and then consume it during a cheaper time slot or sell it back to the grid. A system of this type can even permit decentralised “peer-to-peer” transactions.

Global energy-related CO2 emissions can be reduced by 70% by 2050 and completely phased-out by 2060 with a net positive economic outlook, according to new findings released by IRENA. Perspectives for the Energy Transition: Investment Needs for a Low-Carbon Energy Transition, presents the case that increased deployment of renewable energy and energy efficiency in G20 countries and globally can achieve the emissions reductions needed to keep global temperature rise to no more than two-degrees Celsius, avoiding the most severe impacts of climate change.

Globally, 32 Gt of energy-related CO2 were emitted in 2015. The report states that emissions will need to fall continuously to 9.5 Gt by 2050 to limit warming to no more than two degrees above pre-industrial temperatures. 90% of this energy CO2 emission reduction can be achieved through expanding renewable energy deployment and improving energy efficiency.

 

Renewable energy now accounts for 24% of global power generation and 16% of primary energy supply. To achieve decarbonisation, the report states that, by 2050, renewables should be 80% of power generation and 65% of total primary energy supply, based on continued rapid growth especially for solar and wind power in combination with enabling grids and new operating practices. But also, the buildings, industry and transport sectors need more bioenergy, solar heating and electricity from renewable sources that substitute conventional energy. Electric vehicles need to become the predominant car type in 2050. Liquid biofuel production must grow ten-fold. High efficiency all-electric buildings should become the norm. Deployment of heat pumps must accelerate and a combined total of 2 billion buildings will need to be new built or renovated.

While overall the energy investment needed for decarbonising the energy sector is substantial – an additional USD 29 trillion until 2050 – it amounts to a small share (0.4%) of global GDP. Furthermore, IRENA’s macroeconomic analysis suggests that such investment creates a stimulus that, together with other pro-growth policies, will:

  • Boost global GDP by 0.8% in 2050.
  • Generate new jobs in the renewable energy sector that would more than offset job losses in the fossil fuel industry, with further jobs being created by energy efficiency activities.
  • Improve human welfare through important additional environmental and health benefits thanks to reduced air pollution.

The report calls for policy efforts to create an enabling framework and re-design of energy markets. Stronger price signals and carbon pricing can help provide a level playing field when complemented by other measures, and the report emphasizes the importance of considering needs of those without energy access.

Source: IRENA

The Technological Centre for Plastics (Andaltec), Premo company, Madrid’s Institute for Science of Materials (ICMM- CSIC) and the Technical University of Madrid are working together in a project leading to the development of a wireless charging system for electric vehicle batteries. The intended aim is developing technological solutions to improve the limitations of current vehicles due to their limited autonomy. Nowadays, these batteries haven’t reached the level of energy density which would allow them to compete with traditional internal combustion vehicles.

The goal of this project, labelled “W Alma”, is the development and implementation of magnetic polymeric materials to be employed in the RFID field. The intention is that they can replace the currently used stacks of ferromagnetic material MnZn, the most fragile element and highest cause of problems on reliability, weight and volume for wireless charging systems of vehicles. This wireless charging system will provide Premo with a brand-new, high-tech product.

 

Andaltec’s contribution to this project is the manufacture of the magnetic platform’s prototype, which will allow the evaluation of different design alternatives for materials and geometry. Andaltec is also in charge of the manufacturing process, so that this prototype is the best and cheapest possible.

Current technology to charge batteries uses charging stations connected directly to the car through a cable. However, this system involves several drawbacks, such as the small number and high cost of cable charging stations for a future massive use in electric vehicles. Secondly, a fast charging process requires continuous high tension, as well as low current in order not to overheat the batteries. Thus, 300 to 700 VDC continuous tensions are required, which are lethal if in contact with humans. Besides, the isolation systems in the cables for these tension levels, and the needed connectors and safety plugs are very expensive.

On the other hand, the user experience related to the constant perception of the need of a continual vehicle charge deters the purchase and massive adoption of this electrical technology. As a result, the automotive industry is willing to improve the duration and autonomy of batteries and also simplify the charging process to the point that it is completely invisible and autonomous from the user. This is the ultimate aim of W Alma project.

Source: Andaltec

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The global hydropower market is set to increase from $70.9 billion in 2017 to $86.2 billion by 2025, representing a compound annual growth rate of 2.5%, according to research and consulting firm GlobalData.

The company’s latest report states that a major boost in investment is expected to result in an increased number of installations, led by countries such as China, Brazil, and India, as well as several emerging countries.

 

Anchal Agarwal, Power Analyst for GlobalData, explains: “Policy support and environmental concerns for clean energy generation are important factors driving the global hydropower market. The recently adopted UN Sustainable Development Goals, for example, which supersede the millennium development goals, include a special goal related to energy which encourages the share of renewable energy by 2030.”

Global power demand is also pushing the market forward, and is expected to increase from around 21.7 million GWh in 2017 to over 27 million GWh by 2025. Meeting this demand will require an increase in the pace of capacity additions in order to fulfil peak demand requirements, meet emission control, and provide the affordable power.

Large hydropower plants are the major source for providing the baseload power, while pumped storage plants meet the peak power demand. Cumulative global hydropower installations were 1,211.3 GW in 2016, and are expected to reach 1,691.8 GW by 2025.

Agarwal continues: “In terms of individual countries, China will continue to dominate market share, with installed hydropower capacity set to rise from 341 GW in 2016 to 442 GW by 2020. In order to achieve its carbon reduction goals, China is exploring low-carbon generation technologies, including nuclear, wind, and solar power.”

According to GlobalData, China is pursuing large-scale projects including the 10.2 GW Wudongde plant, which scheduled for completion by 2020, as well as smaller projects in more remote regions, such as Tibet.

Source: GlobalData

On March 15, Construction21 launched the 5th edition of the Green Solutions Awards at MIPIM in Cannes, France

This international competition of sustainable buildings, districts and infrastructures is supported by ADEME and the Global Alliance for Buildings & Construction. It aims to widely disseminate innovation in order to accelerate transition to a more sustainable world. The winners will be announced in Bonn, Germany, in November, during the Conference of the Parties on climate change (COP23).

In 2017, the competition includes infrastructures and expands in China

 

After buildings and districts, the contest will promote this year a third kind of realisations : infrastructures. Green energies, responsible mobility, water cycle, biodiversity & ecosystems, circular economy & waste, digital services : so many solutions contributing to reducing our carbon footprint to be highlighted by the Green Solutions Awards.

The other novelty is geographic: Construction21, already present in Europe and Africa will open in China on March 23, giving access to Chinese innovations to all professionals… and also the opportunity for French ones to show their own skills and know-how !

Events to exchange directly with professionals

Launch at MIPIM, press conferences in all countries to announce national winners in September, events in World Efficiency and Batimat, Awards ceremony at the COP23 in Bonn, Germany, in November… so many opportunities to highlight the candidates and their realisations.

Apply by simply publishing a case study

The contest is open to all types of buildings, districts or infrastructures, new or renovated. Only one requirement : competing realisations must be delivered before June30, 2017 (and after January 1st, 2012 for buildings and infrastructures).

To enter the contest, participants only need to publish a case study before June 1st, 2017 in one of Construction21 databases. It will be moderated by one of the Construction21 national team, then translated to become visible in English, French, Italian, Spanish and Chinese over the whole network.

A jury of experts and an online vote will determine the winners in each country, and then the international winners.

Source: Construction21

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