Strong and coherent energy policies that successfully integrate the three dimensions of sustainability, equity and security of supply which constitute the Energy Trilemma are not just the preserve of rich countries and can also drive positive performance of emerging and developing economies, according to a new report by the World Energy Council launched at World Energy Week.
Although the top ten countries within the Energy Trilemma Global Index in 2018 remains relatively stable, there are changes that buck the usual trend associated with national GDP with countries such as Slovenia entering the top ten at number six. Several nations show significant improvement and demonstrate that a balanced energy system is not a luxury, but a product of smart integrated approaches to the energy transition.
Taking a long-term view as energy systems transition, countries such as Nepal, Kenya and Bangladesh with more vulnerable economies, have significantly improved their Trilemma scores for Energy Equity while pursing the UN Sustainable Development Goal 7 agenda to improve energy access. The three nations have developed different policy pathways tailored to their national circumstances to improve significantly their citizens access to energy, varying from micro-grids, to micro hydro systems, with a focus on rural access.
The World Energy Trilemma 2018 published by the World Energy Council in partnership with global consultancy Oliver Wyman, a subsidiary of Marsh & McLennan Companies, shows eight nations achieving an AAA grade balance. Sweden, Switzerland and Denmark all retain their position at the top.
The report highlights additional key findings:
- Some of the biggest improvers in 2018 are Middle East & Gulf and North African countries
- Energy Equity dimension ranking led by countries where energy is affordable due to government policies
- Six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries have improved their Trilemma performance with UAE ahead at number 36
- Countries with low energy intensity and as well as falling carbon intensity, resulting in lower emissions, perform well in the Environmental Sustainability dimension
- New Zealand remains top of the leader board in the Asia-Pacific region.
Source: World Energy Council