In 2013 more than 35 GW of new wind power went into service, which was a sharp decrease compared to 2012, when worldwide installed capacity exceeded 45 GW. This installation rate made it possible to achieve cumulative capacity of over 318 GW, bringing over 12.5% growth: this is significant growth considering the current economic outlook, although much less than the average annual growth rate for the last ten years: 21%. This is reflected in the data presented by GWEC in the annual update of its 2013 Global Wind Report. Taking the figures presented in this paper, global investment fell slightly from €59.2bn in 2012 to €58.7bn in 2013.
China, one of the most important markets since 2009, also recorded a good year, in the top ranking in terms of installed capacity in 2013. The new sites in Asia again led the world market, with Europe in second place and the United States ranking third, although far removed from the first two figures. As a result, in 2013, unlike 2012, most new wind farms were built outside OECD countries. This was also the case in 2010 and 2011, and this is likely to continue in the near future.
At the end of 2013, a total of 24 countries were over 1 GW installed: 16 European countries; 4 in the Asia-Pacific region (China, India, Japan and Australia) ; 3 in North America (Canada, Mexico and the United States); and 1 in Latin America (Brazil).
Article published in: FuturENERGY July-August 2014