Wind power covered 20.8% of the electricity consumed in Spain in 2019 (in 2018 it stood at 19%), avoiding the emission of 28 Mt of CO2 and the importation of 10.7 Mtoe of fossil fuels. In 2019, Spain was the EU country with the most installed onshore wind power, accounting for 15% of Europe’s total. Spain has held leading positions in several European and global rankings: first in the European ranking of installed capacity per year; and in terms of cumulative installed capacity, fifth in the world, second in Europe, while raking third as regards exports. This data is contained in the 2020 Wind Power Yearbook, published by the Spanish Wind Energy Association (AEE) last July, a report that presents an analysis of the situation of wind power in Spain and across the world.
In Spain, wind power capacity increased by 2,243 MW in 2019, to achieve a total installed capacity of 25,704 MW. This new capacity belongs mainly to projects resulting from the first and second auctions held in 2017, but also to merchant plants.
More than 1 GW of new capacity (49.1% of the total) corresponds to farms in Aragón. The remaining installed MWs, some 1,141 MW, are distributed as follows: 461 MW in Castilla y León, 416 MW in Galicia, 124 MW in Andalusia, 85 MW in Navarra, 39 MW in Extremadura and 16 MW in the Canary Islands. Extremadura joined the wind power communities club in 2019 with its first wind farm.