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electric vehicle

The first “metrolinera” in Spain is a reality since March, when the first one was opened in Madrid. Nothing special here, except for the term itself -metrolinera – a post for charging electric vehicles, installed above ground, which takes advantage of energy wasted in braking trains;in this case the trains in the Metro de Madrid.

The development of this infrastructure is part of the Train2Car project, run by a Spanish consortium whose main objective was precisely to develop technology that used this energy and its storage to subsequently use it for charging DC electric vehicles.

The Train2Car project has been developed by a consortium made up of Metro de Madrid, the Pontifical University of Comillas (specifically by the Institute of Technological Research, ICAI), Computer Systems and Automatic General System (SICA) and the CIEMAT.

Article published in: FuturENERGY April 2014

Schneider Electric and BMW i have started developing in Spain their joint global agreement on electric mobility signed by the two firms in 2013. Schneider Electric has designed an advanced performance Wallbox exclusively for BMW for residential use which will enable anyone who buys a BMW i3 or BMW i8 to charge, safely and speedily, their vehicle at home or in the office. The BMW i3 is the first electric vehicle to reach the market designed from the outset to be charged up at home. The German automotive firm launched the BMW i range last November, with sales forecasts of 10,000 units for 2014. However, just a few weeks after going to market, the BMW i3 already had 8,000 firm orders, most of them for the 100% electric vehicle, which suggests sales forecasts for the whole year will be beaten.
The BMW i Wallbox unit allows the user to charge immediately, that is, simply pressing the start button once the cable is connected, or else on a time delay, using a timer. To turn off, it also has two functions. Firstly, the automatic off function, once the battery is completely charged, or the manual turn-off control, by pressing the off button.

Endesa is the only Spanish utility, and one of just two representatives from the European electricity sector, to be included in the consortium involved in the EC’s Project ZeEUS (Zero Emission Urban Bus System). This pioneering initiative, which kicks off today, intends to demonstrate the economic, environmental and social viability of electric urban buses.
With a budget of EURO 22.2 million and scheduled to run for 42 months, Project ZeUS is included in the EC’s Seventh Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development (FP7).
The consortium has 40 partners including top flight European companies and institutions such as Eurelectric, Vatenfall, Volvo, Skoda, UITP (Union Internationale Des Transports Publics), IDIADA, Bus Transport For London, Universita Degli Studi Di Roma La Sapienza, ASSTRA (Associazione Trasporti). Transportes Metropolitanos de Barcelona (TMB) and the Polytechnic University of Catalonia (UPC), Irizar, GMV and Enide are other Spanish partners which, together with Endesa, will carry out demonstration tests in Barcelona, the only Spanish city to be included in the project. Project ZeEUS will be trialled in eight cities including Barcelona, Bonn, Rome, Pilsen, Munster and one city in Italy (to be determined) where electric buses will be used. Meanwhile London, Glasgow and Stockholm will trial hybrid, extended-range vehicles.
The Barcelona demonstration project, involving Endesa, includes four buses and four rapid charging facilities at the city’s bus depot. Endesa will be responsible for:
Designing a smart system to manage the charging process.
Monitoring the impact of the various charging processes on the quality of the electricity grid.
Liaising with other European e-mobility projects such as Green eMotion, and dissemination via Eurelectric.

Iberdrola and BMW Ibérica entered into an agreement with the ultimate goal of advancing the progressive roll-out of electric mobility in Spain, as part of the commitment towards sustainability and technological innovation shared by the two companies.
The agreement was signed in Madrid by Guenther Seemann, Executive Chairman of the vehicle manufacturer, and Aitor Moso, Retail Manager in the electrical utility.
The agreement has been entered into for a year and will be renewed on an annual basis unless either of the parties decides otherwise. It provides a framework for collaboration that includes mutual recommendation of the products and services currently offered by the two companies in the area of electric mobility, as well as many other aspects.
Iberdrola therefore undertakes to guide its customers towards choosing electric vehicles manufactured by BMW, while the car manufacturer will do the same in relation to Iberdrola’s Green Energy supply, 100% from renewable sources.
Under the terms of the arrangement, the two companies will also explore the possibilities of collaboration on innovation projects linked to electric mobility and technological initiatives with a view to exchanging information and helping to improve market penetration for this type of cars.
As part of this context of collaboration, IBERDROLA designed and carried out the installation of charging points for electric vehicles at the corporate headquarters of BMW Ibérica, as well as at the exclusive BMW i points of sale.


Our special report focusing on Electric Vehicle is published as part of the November 2013 issue of FuturENERGY and also as a separate report.

It was distributed to exhibitors and visitors at: ecarTEC (Munich, 15-17 October), Smart City Expo World Congress (Barcelona, 19-21 November), and to speakers and attendees at EVS 27 (Barcelona, 17-20 November)

This special report includes the following:

Charging Infrastructure
Fast Charging
EVS27 Exhibitors
European Projects

Indra will display its comprehensive support solution for electric vehicle roll-out at the 27th Edition of the Electric Vehicle Symposium (EVS27) iCAR. The multinational consulting and technology firm’s stand will exhibit a number of charge device models connected to its management platform. The Electric Vehicle Symposium is the global reference congress for electric vehicles, and it will take place through Wednesday, 20 November, at the Gran Via Fira Barcelona venue, in collaboration with the Asociación Española del Vehículo Eléctrico (AVELE, the Spanish Electric Vehicle Association).
iCAR is an end-to-end solution that includes the entire range of Indra products related to support infrastructures for electric vehicle roll-out, from the platforms that provide charge services, including the control and management of the equipment and communications, to charge stations with optimal features.
The multinational consulting and technology firm has chosen the EVS27 as the setting to unveil to the public for the first time the iCAR FAST and iCAR CONTROL, two of its latest developments within its global solution for electric vehicle roll-out. iCAR FAST is a device that provides charges of up to 43 KW with a dual configuration for sharing all the power available in the event that two vehicles are connected simultaneously.
On the other hand, iCAR CONTROL is a platform for managing and operating charge infrastructures. It is being developed in collaboration with Iberdrola, one of the leading operators of the Spanish market. The platform provides value-added services to the infrastructure operator, the providers of charge services and end customers. It also enables the integration of the vehicle charge management process with Iberdrola’s other corporate systems.
Indra’s charge devices have passed Renault’s Z.E. Ready / E.V. Ready certifications, which guarantees the compatibility of the electric vehicles of the Renault-Nissan alliance and the EV Ready consortium. They have also passed the Nissan certification tests for the Euroleaf.
Smart technologies for the efficient and sustainable use of energy
Since 2008, Indra has been working on analysing the requirements and needs of the infrastructures that facilitate the implementation of electric vehicles in society. As a result, the company has developed a comprehensive solution that enables simple operation for vehicle users and manufacturers (OEMs), minimising the impact of charge infrastructures on national electric systems and promoting the appearance of new actors and business models associated to electric vehicles. The multinational consulting and technology firm is also actively involved in work groups fostered by Spain’s Ministry of Industry to promote the development of electric vehicles in Spain, in addition to collaborating in various research projects and initiatives with different agents and companies within the energy sector.
Indra has a global strategy aimed at developing new technologies and solutions for energy efficiency and sustainability in the areas of generation, transmission, distribution, transport, industrial and residential consumption. The company participates in various projects for new smart grid infrastructures that ensure sustainable, secure and economic development, and it is involved in an advisory capacity in the Spanish National Energy Commission’s for the development of smart grids.
The multinational and Gas Natural Fenosa jointly led the Energos R&D&i project aimed at developing methods and technologies for the grids of the future. It also participated with Gas Natural Fenosa in the European Union’s 3E Houses project aimed at demonstrating and quantifying the contribution of ICTs to improving energy efficiency in homes through a pilot programme for subsidised housing in San Cugat del Vallés. And it is co-leading the ZIGAMIT project aimed at using the infrastructure being deployed for remote meter reading to offer services for integrated management of home comfort to residential customers.
It also participated in other R&D&i projects for developing new computer systems (grid model, real-time integration platforms and two-way communication solutions). A highlight in this area is an innovative remote management system, Smart Platform for Efficient Energy Distribution (ISPEED), for a new generation of smart meters (iMeter).

From conventional stations to renewable charging points. E.ON is leading the RECARGO project in Spain, an initiative which promotes electric mobility with clean energies and offers a sustainable solution to foreign energy dependence and the greenhouse effect.

E.ON, Urbaser and Circutor have set up the RECARGO project, a demonstration of efficient B2B energy services management in recharging electric vehicle fleets with renewable energy. RECARGO marks a significant step forward in electric mobility in Spain and succeeds in integrating clean energies into the system, efficiently and safely.

In order to reduce the country’s energy dependence and its carbon emissions, E.ON and its Spanish partners Urbaser and Circutor, have developed a project which integrates green energies into electric mobility and uses them as feeding sources independently of foreign market fluctuations. RECARGO –Renewables, Electric CARs & Grid Optimization– is an initiative which, as well as optimising loading processes and thereby reducing their operating costs, contributes to minimising carbon emissions into the atmosphere.

Article published in: FuturENERGY November 2013

Endesa and a consortium of four other companies and three research bodies have today rolled out Project Victoria, an initiative to develop the first dynamic inductive charging system for a bus lane in Spain whereby electric buses will be charged wirelessly while on the move. With a budget of EUR 3,7 million, Project Victoria will run for 21 months.
The project was officially presented at Malaga Town Hall with the city’s Mayor, Francisco de la Torre, Andrea Brentan, CEO of Endesa, and Rafael Márquez, Director General of the Andalusian Energy Agency in attendance. Also present were representatives from the consortium’s other companies: José Luis Calvo, Chairman of Isotrol; Antonio Aguera, Manager of Mansel; Jorge Alberto Gámiz, General Manager of Conacon; and Miguel Ruíz, Manager of Empresa Malagueña de Transportes. The project will be trialled on an electric bus which operates on the city’s number 16 bus route, making Malaga the first Spanish city to incorporate sustainable mobility into its urban public transport system. One of the city’s e-buses will be adapted with triple charging technology whereby it can be charged by the conventional method when parked at the bus depot at night (using charging points), it can also be partially charged at a static inductive or wireless charging station as well as when travelling along a bus lane equipped with a dynamic inductive (wireless) charging system. The last two modes will be carried out using special devices fitted along the bus route. The number 16 route crosses the city parallel to the coastline and also runs through Smartcity Málaga which integrates smart technologies. The e-bus will be able to cover the entire 5-kilometre route solely using this technology which will also make this kind of transport more profitable. The system will be ready at the end of 2014.
Partial recharging increases the range of an e-bus compared to those buses which are only charged at the depot at the end of the day. This substantially improves the vehicle’s profitability and efficiency, the aim being to double the range of electric buses without affecting operating times. Inductive technology also helps reduce the volume and weight of batteries, significantly reducing their cost.
This new triple charging system is entirely innovative on a worldwide level as well as being the first real wireless charging experiment in Spain, a sector Endesa is leading.

Abengoa is leading the Batteries2020 project to develop competitive batteries in terms of cost, performance, safety, reliability and durability for use in electric vehicles.
One of the main challenges of the project, in addition to efficiency, stability and cost, is to maintain the energy output of these batteries over the useful life of the electric vehicle in order to ensure constant levels of power. Abengoa’s researchers are examining the different factors that influence how batteries age and degrade in order to identify the critical parameters that affect performance throughout the life of the battery.
In recent years there has been a huge amount in interest in battery technology research. Nevertheless, there are still a series of challenges to overcome before these batteries can be commercially successful. The Batteries2020 project, which involves nine partners from five EU countries (Spain, Germany, Belgium, Italy and Denmark), has been set up to tackle these challenges arising from the need to integrate all the components in the supply chain, as well as to optimize batteries in general. It therefore combines all the relevant disciplines and competencies, covering the whole of the process, including making the product available to end users.
In its R&D+i activities Abengoa collaborates with nationally and internationally renowned partners and research centers in the field of energy and the environment, developing highly innovative projects and leading multiple research programs that have been selected by the US Department of Energy or the European Union – such as Batteries2020 – as well as numerous other institutions in countries that promote technological development. Innovation has been at the heart of Abengoa’s business from the outset and has enabled it to maintain a competitive advantage in the sectors in which it operates.

After four years of research, CENIT VERDE, a research project into the study and development of technologies to enable the electric vehicle to be integrated and introduced into the Spanish market in a fast, cost-effective and reliable way, came to an end on 31st March. For four years, over 800 professionals from 16 companies and 14 public institutions from different areas of activity have joined forces to develop sustainable alternatives in the automotive arena, infrastructure and energy.

Thanks to the amount of research and innovation achieved, CENIT VERDE has become a reference throughout Europe. The project was managed by SEAT’s Technical Centre, supported by the Ministry for the Economy & Competitivity, managed through CDTI, the Centre for Industrial Technological Development, and coordinated by CTM Technological Centre Foundation. The results were presented on 10th and 11th June at SEAT’s facilities.

The project had total funding of €34 million and has become a European benchmark thanks to its joint
public-private cooperation and the amount of research and innovations developed. The following companies
took part: AIA, Cegasa, Circutor, Cobra, Endesa, Ficosa, GPtech, Iberdrola, Infranor, Lear, Mapro, Red Eléctrica España (REE), Siemens, Rovalma and Técnicas Reunidas. They were led by SEAT’s Technical Centre, and supported by the Ministry for the Economy & Competitivity, managed through CDTI, the Centre for Industrial Technological Development, and coordinated by the CTM Technological Centre Foundation.

Article published in: FuturENERGY July-August 2013