Tags Posts tagged with "electric vehicles"

electric vehicles

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Los 100 MW de almacenamiento de energía para Pivot Power proporcionarán capacidad flexible y fiabilidad para soportar una mayor generación de energía renovable e infraestructura de recarga de vehículos eléctricos. Sitio en Kemsley. / 100 MW of energy storage to Pivot Power will provide flexible capacity and reliability to support increased renewable energy generation and electric vehicle charging infrastructure. Site in Kemsley

Pivot Power, an EDF Renewables company specialising in battery storage and infrastructure for electric vehicle charging, has placed an order with technology group Wärtsilä to deliver 100 MW of energy storage in the UK. Pivot Power is developing a world-first national network of grid-scale batteries and high-volume power connections to provide essential capacity for rapid electric vehicle charging. The first two projects at Cowley in Oxford and Kemsley in Kent are expected to be fully operational before the end of this year. Wärtsilä will support the projects under 10-year service agreements with flexible performance guarantees.

The two 50 MW lithium-ion batteries will be the first projects completed as part of Pivot Power’s programme to develop, own and operate up to 2 GW of grid-scale energy storage and high volume power connections which are directly connected to the UK high-voltage transmission system. The projects will provide flexible capacity and reliability to support increased renewable energy generation and electric vehicle charging infrastructure. The UK market for electric vehicles is expected to expand significantly in 2020 in what has been described as “the year of the electric car” by industry analysts.

This is the largest energy storage deal in Europe for Wärtsilä, which has set its sights on the UK as a key new market, as part of its plan to lead the global transition towards a 100% clean energy future.

The systems are based on Wärtsilä’s advanced energy management software platform GEMS, which leverages artificial intelligence and machine learning to enable the intelligent management of large-scale energy storage systems, and innovative GridSolv modular storage solution, which supports stand-alone energy storage deployments and integrated hybrids with thermal or renewable generation assets.

The contract is the first to be announced since EDF Renewables acquired Pivot Power in November 2019. It forms part of EDF Group’s Electricity Storage Plan under which it aims to be the leader in Europe with 10 GW of additional storage by 2035. It also supports EDF Electric Mobility Plan, to become the leading electric mobility company by 2022 in the UK, France, Italy and Belgium. Beyond this 2022 date, the Group’s goal is to provide power for 600,000 electric vehicles and 75,000 charging points.

Source: Wärtsilä

FuturENERGY Dec. 19 - Jan. 2020

Spain’s emovili, expert in e-mobility, defines itself as a smart and green business, as it is exclusively dedicated to installing charging points for electric vehicles (EVs). It is a member several sector associations – of AEDIVE, AECIM, AEDHE and AEMENER – and over its two-year lifetime has achieved ISO 9001 certification while attracting the best professionals from inside and outside the energy sector. Two of the senior management positions in the company have been headed up by women since late 2019. The company starts 2020 with over 1,500 clients in its portfolio and thousands of installations distributed all over Spain. The most noteworthy aspect of the company cited by its clients is its quality service and experience in the sector… By Marina Alvarez-Cascos. Head of Marketing and Communication at emovili.

 

FuturENERGY Dec. 19 - Jan. 2020

The irruption of the electric vehicle is unstoppable. In the urban environment, for the few kilometres travelled, the availability of public charging points and proximity to the usual charging point (at home or the office), supplying the vehicle with electricity is a simple question. It is thus worth asking what is the reality and the future of the electric vehicle in interurban journeys. The answer lies in their autonomy and the availability of interurban charging points. In this segment, as with private charging, Iberdrola is well-placed as one of the key players when facilitating access to e-mobility. Through the Iberdrola Green Charging Network, the company is positioning itself as the driver of e-mobility in Spain as well as in the field of public charging for electric vehicles, spearheading the technological change with 100% renewable energy…

 

FuturENERGY Dec. 19 - Jan. 2020

It is a fact that sales of electric cars are growing at a pace insufficient to comply with decarbonisation goals. Specifically, the data handled by GANVAM demonstrates that registrations of these vehicles rose by 90.5% as of november this year, to achieve 9,073 units. Taking into account every type of electric vehicle (cars, LCVs and pick ups, quads, mopeds, motorbikes, industrial vehicles, buses and coaches), the market recorded 21,886 units to november, representing a further 65.9%. However, despite these striking figures, EV registrations do not even account for 1% of the total market. We are still some way from the NECP objective of five million EVs in circulation by 2030 or, in other words, 15% of the vehicle stock… By Ana Sánchez. General Manager of GANVAM, the Spanish National Association of Motor Vehicle, Repair and Spare Parts Sellers.

 

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FuturENERGY Dec. 19 - Jan. 2020

From 14 October to 8 November 2019, around 100 people on the Paris-Saclay urban campus tested the on-demand car service offered by Groupe Renault as part of the “Paris-Saclay Autonomous Lab” project. This daytime service provided by electric, shared and autonomous Renault ZOE Cab prototypes, allowed the selected users to move freely around the Paris-Saclay urban campus, enjoying every-day green mobility to get to one of the schools or laboratories on the campus, go for lunch or play sport…

 

During French President Emmanuel Macron’s visit to the Saft Nersac plant near Angoulême, in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region, Total, through its affiliate Saft, and PSA with Opel, announced their plan to combine their know-how to develop electric vehicle battery manufacturing activity in Europe. To that end, the partners intend to establish a joint venture named Automotive Cell Company (ACC).

The project will leverage cutting-edge R&D, notably provided by Saft, in order to produce electric vehicle batteries starting in 2023. The technology used will offer the highest level of energy performance, both in terms of range and charging time, and a lower carbon footprint than that of the competition, setting a new standard in Europe.

The first phase of the project focuses on R&D, including building a pilot plant on the land of Saft’s Nersac facility. The plant is scheduled to start up in mid-2021 and represents an investment of 200 million euro. The project will generate around 200 high-skilledjobs in France’s Nouvelle-Aquitaine region to develop, qualify and commercially scale up new, high-performance lithium-ion batteries.

This first phase will trigger the investment decision for a large-scale production plant (8 GWh initially, rising to 24 GWh later on) in the northern Hauts-de-France region, followed by a second one of equal capacity in Germany, in order to reach 48 GWh of combined capacity by 2030. That would represent production of one million batteries a year, or around 10-15% of the European market. Ultimately, nearly €5 billion will be required to complete this ambitious program.

Total and Groupe PSA acknowledge the support of French, German and European Union authorities for the project, expected to receive nearly €1.3 billion in public funding during its development in the frame of the Important Projects of Common European Interest (IPCEI) initiative authorized by the European Commission.

The Automotive Cell Company (ACC) will be a 50-50 Saft and Groupe PSA/Opel joint venture for the pilot production line. During the commercial production phase, Saft’s share in ACC will decline to 33%.

European context

In 2019, the European Union set ambitious, binding targets to quickly expand the sale of electric vehicles. The European market for automotive batteries is estimated to reach around 400 GWh in 2030, or 15 times current needs, corresponding to more than seven million electric vehicles. European automakers therefore need to plan their battery supply strategy, since batteries represent more than a third of an electric vehicle’s added value.

The project’s implementation is contingent on securing the approvals of the relevant antitrust authorities.

Source: Saft

Elixabete Ayerbe, de CIDETEC, en la reunión de presentación del proyecto/Elixabete Ayerbe, from CIDETEC, presenting at the kickoff meeting.

The European project DEFACTO, coordinated by the Basque research center CIDETEC Energy Storage, started in San Sebastián, Spain, on January 14th. The kickoff meeting gathered all the partners in a two-day reunion that included a visit to the facilities of CIDETEC. DEFACTO is a project funded by the European Commission Horizon 2020 Programme that seeks to revolutionize the way in which the cell manufacturing industry for electric vehicles has worked so far. As of today, companies incur in high laboratory and personnel costs to improve the design and manufacturing process of cells.

In this sense, DEFACTO will implement a multidisciplinary method that combines laboratory work, prototyping and multiphysic and multiscale modeling. This will allow, on the one hand, to accelerate the research and innovation processes on cell development, optimizing their design and functionality and, on the other, to significantly increase the competitiveness of European industry.

The increasing use of electric vehicles, caused by a drastic reduction in costs and an expansion of their functionalities, will generate a significant demand for batteries. The basic components of batteries, electrochemical cells, represent an important market for the European industry, estimated at 250 billion euros in 2025. Until now, Asia has been leading the market: China, Korea and Japan have the world’s largest manufacturing capacity. Meanwhile Europe, which also wants to become a prominent player in the sector, has put innovation at the heart of its industrial strategy to strengthen and expand its cell manufacturing capacity. Europe also presents other advantages, such as the proximity to vehicle assembly plants and the existence of a mature supply chain in the automotive sector. To encourage innovation in this field, the European Commission is funding numerous research projects, and among them is DEFACTO.

In addition to improving the global positioning of the European electric mobility industry, DEFACTO seeks to encourage and accelerate the decarbonisation of transport, as 96% of this industry still depends on fossil fuels. This is in line with the purpose of the European Union to achieve a smarter and more ecological transport system that meets the growing mobility needs of the society, while reducing carbon emissions and increasing energy efficiency.

DEFACTO is an initiative funded by the Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme of the European Union that has a total budget of € 5,988,318.75 and will last for 42 months.

The consortium that makes up this initiative is made up of thirteen partners: five research centers (CIDETEC Energy Storage, the French Commission for Alternative Energy and Atomic Energy, the Hellas Research and Technology Center, the German Aerospace Center DLR and Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft), two universities (Technical University of Brunswick and Polytechnic University of Madrid), two leading industries (ESI Group and Irizar Mobility), three small and medium enterprises (Sustainable Innovations Europe, Lechlanche GmbH and Avesta Battery & Energy Engineering), and a standardization body (UNE), all coordinated by CIDETEC Energy Storage.

Source: CIDETEC

The power sector is witnessing significant changes. As 2019 draws to a close, GlobalData, looks at the key trends that will shape the industry in 2020, ranging from electric vehicles to corporate power purchase agreements (PPAs).

Electric vehicles

The adoption of electric vehicles (EVs) is set to continue on the steep trajectory witnessed in the last few years. The global EV fleet, which stood at over 5.1 million in 2018, is expected to reach around 130 million by 2030 as per International Energy Agency (IEA) forecasts.

Governments across the world are setting targets for deployments of EVs and these policy signals are encouraging industry stakeholders to invest across the EV supply chain. In addition, large power utilities such as EDF, E.ON and Enel in Europe have been investing in EV charging station infrastructure, and this market is witnessing consolidation – a trend that is expected to continue. Increasingly, power utilities are collaborating with EV manufacturers to boost their offerings in areas such as EV charging, vehicle-to-grid (V2G) services, energy storage and renewable energy sources. Oil majors such as Shell, BP and Total are also placing huge bets in this market through acquisitions.

Digitalization

Power utilities, which have traditionally been averse to the adoption of new technologies, are now realizing their benefits and offering heavy investment. An emerging technology trends survey conducted by GlobalData reveals that cyber security, big data, cloud computing, robotics and Internet of Things (IoT) are being seen as the top five technologies that will have the maximum impact on the sector over the next three years.

Cybersecurity is receiving the maximum attention from power companies in order to protect grids from cyber-attacks. Power utilities realize the crippling effect such attacks can have on the grid and are hence willing to invest heavily to protect against them.

With ever more data coming out of the customers’ meters, utilities are focusing on data analytics for load forecasting, generation planning, managing peaks and increasing customers’ awareness regarding energy efficiency. Big data and cloud computing are useful tools that are aiding these initiatives. Cloud models are helping utilities to lower their IT capital expenditure (capex) and offer unlimited computing and advanced analytics, while IoT is helping power companies to remotely monitor and manage their assets. Utilities are also able to conduct predictive maintenance of their assets with the assistance of IoT.

Grid-scale battery storage

Energy storage installation among end-users (renewable energy generators, grid operators and distributed generation) is projected to witness larger growth due to smart grid development. The battery energy storage system (BESS) market, which is estimated at 4.9 gigawatt (GW) in 2018, is forecast to reach 22.2GW by 2023.

The economies of energy storage in a wide range of applications, coupled with the falling cost of systems, will likely result in the rapid growth of battery energy storage solutions. Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries are emerging as crucial for energy storage, and the increasing growth of EVs has resulted in advancements in lithium-ion technologies and a steady decline in the prices of lithium-based batteries.

Several energy storage projects in the pipeline have been accelerated by incentive programs. The deployment is expected to grow, due to a large number of countries opting for storage utilization to support their power sector transformation. The US introduced several bills and policies related to energy storage, and the country has comprehensive incentive programs supporting battery utilization. In the meanwhile, India published a national energy storage mission, outlining the country’s ambition to become a market leader in the manufacture of batteries. Similarly, China and Germany are exploiting opportunities to capitalize on the growing market for batteries.

Microgrids

Microgrids will continue to make inroads in the power sector, driven by the need for resiliency, energy security and the electrification of remote areas. This year has seen a number of microgrid projects being announced by companies across the world. Utilities such as Duke Energy, EDF, Engie and AusNet have been involved in the development of microgrid projects, the scale of which has also been increasing with projects as large as the 100MW Armonia Microgrid Project in Palau being developed.

Policy developments have been encouraging. For example, Hawaii has become the first state to initiate microgrid tariffs. California is also following close behind, trying to enact legislation in this direction.

Corporate PPAs

Large corporates are increasingly signing PPAs with generators to meet their power needs. Most of these are signed with renewable energy generators, enabling them to increase the share of renewable energy in their total consumption. Companies such as Google, Amazon, Facebook and Microsoft have continued to sign PPAs during 2019 and this trend is expected to continue in the future due to the expansion of the data centers market increasing their power requirements.

Retailers such as Tesco and Walmart have also been involved in signing PPAs in 2019. The rise in corporate PPAs is fuelled by the withdrawal of feed-in-tariffs (FITs) and other incentives for wind and solar power coupled with the move towards auction mechanisms. Under these circumstances, corporate PPAs offer an opportunity for developers to sell their power profitably.

Source: GlobalData

Endesa X and Consum supermarkets have signed a deal for an initial 110 charging points for electric vehicles to be installed in the car parks of 55 of the cooperative’s centres. The first 23 are already up and running and another 20 are about to become operational. The charging points will be distributed throughout Andalusia, the Valencia Region, Castilla La Mancha, Catalonia and Murcia although the initiative will be expanded to more locations, and they will use 100% renewably-sourced electricity.

The rapid chargers to be installed are rated at up to 50 kW, which means a vehicle can be charged in about half an hour (depending on the particular vehicle and how much charge the battery has to start with), the time it usually takes customers to do their shopping. Users will have to have Endesa X’s app JuicePass (available for IOS and Android) to activate the service and start the recharging process. It will not be necessary to register to use the app, since you can charge and pay each time with a credit card.

Creating a profile in the application and registering with JuicePass has several advantages for customers: the process is expedited; detailed information of charging points, prices and operating hours is available; charging particulars can be monitored in real time and your history of charges and invoices accessed; and there are discounts off the charging price.

Consum thus becomes the first Spanish supermarket chain to implement an extensive public access recharging network – which can also be expanded – and offer its customers this new service.

Endesa X: Developing public access infrastructure

This collaboration agreement with Consum allows Endesa X to move forward in its plan to expand public access charging infrastructure for electric vehicles. Last year the company announced a plan to install 8,500 charging points in public access places by 2023, with an investment of €65 million, the most ambitious plan in Spain.

In this initial phase (2018-2019), Endesa X intends to establish a network of 2,000 charging points connecting major towns and cities with more than 35,000 inhabitants and Spain’s 15,000 kilometres of major roads so as to ensure that 75% of the population has access to public charging infrastructure in their municipality. This will allow drivers to always have a charging point at a distance of less than 100 kilometres.

In the second phase (2021-2023), a further 6,500 new public access charging points will be installed in shopping centres, car parks, hotel chains, service stations and on public roads to cater to the growth in the electric vehicle market, providing greater charging infrastructure coverage in urban areas and the main strategic transport nodes both on the mainland and in the islands.

Source: Endesa X

Mix de generación de España en el escenario base. Fuente: BloombergNEF. Nota: El gráfico muestra una proyección para España peninsular (continental) y no incluye las islas españolas / Spain’s generation mix in the base scenario. Source: BloombergNEF. Note: The chart shows a projection for peninsular (mainland) Spain, and does not include Spanish islands

Maximizing the role of solar and wind power in the electricity systems of Spain and Chile between now and 2050 will hinge on the extent to which flexibility assets such as batteries and dynamic electric vehicle chargers are deployed and used. That is the conclusion of twin reports, published by BloombergNEF (BNEF) in partnership with Acciona.

Both Spain and Chile have world-class resources in sunshine and wind, and are therefore prime locations for the build-out of renewable energy over the next three decades. The BNEF reports model the outlook for the power generation mix of the two countries by 2050, based on various scenarios. Both Spain and Chile have ambitious targets for decarbonizing their electricity systems, the former for renewable generation, and the latter for the retirement of its entire coal-fired power station fleet. But attaining these, or getting close, will require a focus on flexibility, as well as simply pouring money into increasingly cheap renewables.

Flexibility is provided by technologies that can rapidly increase or reduce the amount of electricity they deliver to the grid, depending on the balance between supply from generators and demand from businesses and consumers. Examples are stationary storage batteries, EV chargers that charge when electric prices are low rather than at peak periods, interconnectors to other countries, and – on the fossil fuel side – quick-response gas-fired power stations.

Among the conclusions of the two reports are:

• The base-case scenario for Spain shows wind and solar generating 51% of total electricity by 2030, and as much as 75% by 2050, thanks to the fact that they are the lowest-cost options in that country for generating power.
• The base-case scenario for Chile shows wind and solar surging from supplying 13% of the country’s electricity now, to 40% by 2030, and 67% by 2050. The market is expected to be 93% supplied by all renewables in that year. In a coal phase-out scenario, the figure rises to 98%.
• In Spain, in a scenario in which battery storage costs fall more rapidly than expected, the electricity system could need 13% less gas back-up capacity by 2050, have 12% fewer emissions, and accommodate up to 94% zero-carbon generation.
• In Spain, in a scenario in which EVs are able to charge flexibly (to take advantage of hours of cheaper electricity), the added costs to the energy system of electrifying transport can be halved. It would also lead to 9% fewer emissions than in the base-case scenario.
• An increase in interconnector capacity between Spain and France would enable the share of zero-carbon electricity to be increased relative to the base-case, and at slightly lower overall cost. However, the benefits are less obvious in the long-term as the interconnector utilization drops due to wind and solar over-generating more often in both countries simultaneously.
• However, another scenario in which storage costs fail to come down as sharply as expected, would lead to 11% more emissions by 2050, and 3% higher system costs, than in the base case.
• In Chile, wind and solar represent a $35 billion investment opportunity between now and 2050, and batteries an $8 billion opportunity.
• In Chile, coal makes up 39% of electricity generation today and this is set to slide all the way to 6% in the base-case scenario, as it loses ground to cheaper wind and solar projects.
• To cut coal-fired generation further, and minimize Chile’s emissions, would require deliberate government policy and 25% more investment in new generation than in the base case.

Source: BNEF

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