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energy mix

With the establishment of an assembly factory and a record-high order intake of close to 600 MW in Argentina last year, Vestas is already playing a key role in helping the country’s ambitious targets for a more sustainable energy mix. Further underlining this leading position in Argentina’s growing wind energy market, Vestas has received a 106 MW order for two wind parks located nearby Bahia Blanca city in the Province of Buenos Aires.

The order is placed by Pampa Energía S.A. and includes supply and installation of 28 V136-3.45 MW turbines delivered in 3.8 MW Power Optimised Mode for Pampa and De La Bahía wind park that both have a total capacity of 53 MW. The order includes a 20-year Active Output Management (AOM 5000) service agreement.

Last year, Vestas signed contracts for almost 600 MW in Argentina and with this new order, we have close to 1 GW of wind capacity either installed or under construction in the country. Our strong order intake and the recent announcement of our assembly facility in Argentina emphasise our commitment and support to the country’s ambitious renewable energy targets”, says Andrés Gismondi, Sales Director of Vestas Argentina.

Turbine delivery is planned for the last quarter of 2018, whilst commissioning is expected for the first quarter of 2019.

Vestas and Pampa Energía S.A. have previously developed the 100 MW Corti wind park in the same region. The project is already constructed and will be inaugurated next Tuesday, 22 May.

Source: Vestas

The 2018 edition of BP’s Energy Outlook launched in London today by Spencer Dale, group chief economist, and Bob Dudley, group chief executive, considers the forces shaping the global energy transition out to 2040 and the key uncertainties surrounding that transition. The speed of the energy transition is uncertain and the new Outlook considers a range of scenarios. Much of the narrative in the Outlook is based on the Evolving Transition scenario.

This scenario, which assumes that government policies, technologies and societal preferences evolve in a manner and speed similar to the recent past, expects:

• Fast growth in developing economies drives up global energy demand a third higher.
• The global energy mix is the most diverse the world has ever seen by 2040, with oil, gas, coal and non-fossil fuels each contributing around a quarter.
• Renewables are by far the fastest-growing fuel source, increasing five-fold and providing around 14% of primary energy.
• Demand for oil grows over much of Outlook period before plateauing in the later years.
• Natural gas demand grows strongly and overtakes coal as the second largest source of energy.
• Oil and gas together account for over half of the world’s energy.
• Global coal consumption flatlines and it seems increasingly likely that Chinese coal consumption has plateaued.
• The number of electric cars grows to around 15% of the car parc, but because of the much higher intensity with which they are used, account for 30% of passenger vehicle kilometers.
• Carbon emissions continue to rise, signalling the need for a comprehensive set of actions to achieve a decisive break from the past.

Fuel analysis

By 2040, oil, gas, coal and non-fossil fuels each account for around a quarter of the world’s energy. More than 40% of the overall increase in energy demand is met by renewable energy.

Oil demand grows over much of the Outlook, although it plateaus in the later years. All the demand growth comes from emerging economies. The growth in supply is driven by US tight oil in the early part of the Outlook, with OPEC taking over from the late 2020s as Middle East producers adopt a strategy of growing market share. The transport sector continues to dominate global oil demand, accounting for more than half of the overall growth. Most of the growth in energy demand from transport, which flattens off towards the end of the Outlook, comes from non-road (largely air, marine, and rail) and trucks, with small increases from cars and motorbikes. After 2030, the main source of growth in the demand for oil is from non-combusted uses, particularly as a feedstock for petrochemicals.

Natural gas grows strongly over the period, supported by increasing levels of industrialization and power demand in fast-growing emerging economies, continued coal-to-gas switching, and the increasing availability of low-cost supplies in North America and the Middle East. By 2040, the US accounts for almost one quarter of global gas production, and global LNG supplies will more than double. The sustained growth in LNG supplies greatly increases the availability of gas around the world, with LNG volumes overtaking inter-regional pipeline shipments in the early 2020s.

Coal consumption flatlines over the Outlook period, with falls in China and the OECD offset by increasing demand in India and other emerging Asian economies. China remains the largest market for coal, accounting for 40% of global coal demand to 2040.

BP_ENERGY_OUTLOOK-2Renewable energy grows over 400% and accounts for over 50% of the increase in global power generation. This strong growth is enabled by the increasing competitiveness of wind and solar. Subsidies are gradually phased out by the mid-2020s, with renewable energy increasingly able to compete against other fuels. China is the largest source of growth, adding more renewable energy than the entire OECD combined, with India becoming the second largest source of growth by 2030.

Sector analysis

Power accounts for nearly 70% of the increase in primary energy demand. The mix of fuels used in power generation is set to shift materially, with renewable energy gaining share more quickly than any energy source in history, increasing from 7% today to around a quarter by 2040. Even so, coal remains the largest source of energy in power generation by 2040.

Transport energy demand grows by only 25% despite total demand for transportation more than doubling, reflecting accelerating gains in vehicle efficiency. The transport sector continues to be dominated by oil (around 85% in 2040), despite increasing penetration of alternative fuels – particularly natural gas and electricity.

This year’s Outlook argues that the penetration of electricity in the transport sector is best measured by considering both the number of electric vehicles (EVs) and how intensively each vehicle is used. In the Evolving Transition scenario, the share of EVs in the global car parc reaches around 15% by 2040 – more than 300 million cars in a car parc of almost 2 billion. However, the share of passenger car kilometres powered by electricity, which also takes account of the intensity with which electric cars are used, is over 30%. The Outlook shows how the interaction of fully-autonomous cars with shared mobility has the potential to substantially boost the intensity with which electric cars are driven.

BP_ENERGY_OUTLOOK-4A key uncertainty in the period to 2040 is the speed with which sales of electric cars increases. To gauge the significance of this uncertainty, the Outlook considers a scenario in which there is a worldwide ban on the sales of cars with internal combustion engines (ICE) from 2040. This scenario reduces liquid fuel demand by around 10 million barrels a day relative to the Evolving Transition scenario but, even so, the level of oil demand in 2040 in the ‘ICE ban’ scenario is higher than in 2016.

Industrial energy demand, including both combusted and non-combusted uses of fuels, accounts for around half of the increase in energy consumption.

Improving efficiency drives slower growth in industrial energy demand (excluding the non-combusted sector), in large part driven by China’s transition towards a less energy-intensive service and consumer-facing sectors. Some of China’s slowing growth is likely to be displaced to lower-income economies, including India and Africa.

Non-combusted use of fuels, particularly as feedstocks for petrochemicals, are the fastest growing source of overall demand for oil and gas. Non-combusted use of fuels grows at almost twice the rate of other industrial uses, although increasing environmental pressures on the use of some products, particularly single-use plastics and packaging, dampens growth quite materially relative to past trends. Oil accounts for nearly two-thirds of the growth in non-combusted use of energy, with natural gas providing much of the remainder.

Regional analysis

All the growth in energy consumption is in fast-growing developing economies: China and India account for half of the growth in global energy demand to 2040. Through the period China’s energy growth slows as it transitions to a more sustainable pattern of economic growth. India’s slowing in demand growth is less pronounced and by the early 2030s it overtakes China as the world’s fastest growing market for energy. In the latter stages of the Outlook, Africa also plays an increasingly important role in driving energy demand, contributing more to global demand growth from 2035 to 2040 than China.

Carbon emissions

In the Outlook’s Evolving Transition scenario, carbon emissions rise by 10% by 2040. While this is far slower than the rates seen in the past 25 years, it remains higher than the sharp decline thought to be necessary to achieve the Paris commitments.

As such, the Outlook also explores an Even Faster Transition scenario, which has the same broad decline in carbon emissions as the International Energy Agency’s ‘Sustainable Development Scenario’ where carbon emissions fall by almost 50% by 2040. Most of the additional abatement of emissions in this scenario, relative the Evolving Transition scenario, come from the power sector, which is almost entirely decarbonized by 2040.

Source: BP

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Technology Radar 2018 “Renewable Energy” report – launched by Lloyd’s Register (LR) – analyses the sizeable renewable energy impacts in the next five years and beyond. It provides answers from leading industry experts on their optimism, concerns and investment outlook on tomorrow’s energy mix.

If there were doubts that renewable energy sources could ever compete effectively with oil, natural gas and coal in power generation, developments in the past two years should have dispelled them! But, what will it take for renewable energy to become the primary form of energy consumed?

The LR 2018 Technology Radar – Renewable Energy study asks the question: when will renewable energy become the dominant source of energy? Furthermore, the study examines which technologies are likely to have the greatest impact in different countries, and what are the key drivers and inhibitors for success.

The research sought the insights and opinions of leaders across the sector, as well as a survey of 800 professionals and experts around the world. The survey included respondents from organisations across the renewables value chain, including traditional energy companies with renewable energy assets or activities.

Respondents were asked to give their perspective on the challenges that need to be overcome for renewables to be the primary form of energy consumed, the rate of growth in their country and to rate a number of technologies and developments in terms of their potential impact, the amount of time it would take for these technologies to hit the market, and how likely they are to be adopted once they do. Respondents were also asked to reflect on the pace and success of innovation in their sector – and what they see as the major drivers and blockers post 2018.

Key findings include:

  • Respondents expect grid parity for solar to be achieved first in China (2022), followed by Spain and UAE in 2024, and by Australia and the US in 2025. For wind power generation, grid parity is expected in Germany and UK by 2024, USA and Denmark in 2025, and in Sweden by 2033.
  • Although a minority of respondents (10%) believe that renewables have already overtaken fossil fuels in their country, or will do so in the next two years, 58% believe that this milestone will not be reached until after 2025.
  • Development costs remain the primary argument against pursuing renewables in their country. However, the cost of building solar capacity for utility-scale generation has more than halved in the past ten years, which has helped to fuel the rapid expansion of solar capacity worldwide since 2014.
  • More than 45% of the surveyed executives (including 55% of those based in Europe) say that resistance to onshore wind turbines in their countries is too strong to enable significant growth from this source.
  • An overwhelming 71% agree that technology advances will do more in the next five years to improve the economic case for renewables than policy or regulatory changes. There is an expectation for advanced metering infrastructure (AMI), demand response management (DRM) systems, networked sensors and accuracy of asset monitoring data to have a beneficial impact on operational performance. However, 36% identify policy inconsistency as an inhibiting factor.
  • 37% of respondents indicate the slow development of storage technologies as the most important factor inhibiting the growth of renewables in the energy mix. Utilities need to be able to call on energy producers for additional power whenever it is required, whether for load balancing or meeting surges. Green hydrogen provides an alternative form of storage to electrochemical batteries as hydrogen fuel cells can store power for considerably longer.
  • 42% of respondents agree that reaching grid parity will not be enough to cause a sustained increase in investment in renewables. Subsidies are critical to support developments in most markets.

Four large-scale shifts in the global energy system set the scene for the World Energy Outlook 2017 (WEO 2017). These are the rapid deployment and falling costs of clean energy technologies; the growing electrification of energy; the shift to a more services-oriented economy and a cleaner energy mix in China; and the resilience of shale gas and tight oil in the United States. These changes come at a time when traditional distinctions between energy producers and consumers are being blurred and a new group of major developing countries, led by India, moves towards centre stage. How these developments play out and interact is the story of this WEO. (The first part of this extensive summary of the WEO 2017 was published in our November issue).

LNG ushers in a new order for global gas markets

Natural gas grows to represent one quarter of global energy demand in the New Policies Scenario by 2040, becoming the second-largest fuel in the global mix after oil. In resource-rich regions, such as the Middle East, the case for expanding gas use is relatively straightforward, especially when it can substitute oil. In the US, plentiful supplies maintain a strong share of gas-fired power in electricity generation through to 2040, even without national policies limiting the use of coal. But 80% of the projected growth in gas demand takes place in developing economies, led by China, India and other Asian countries, where much of the gas needs to be imported and infrastructure is often lacking.

But the landscape is extraordinarily competitive, not just due to coal but also to renewables, which in some countries become a cheaper form of new power generation than gas by the mid-2020s, pushing gas-fired plants towards a balancing rather than a baseload role. Efficiency policies also play a part in constraining gas use. While the electricity generated from gas grows by more than half to 2040, the use of gas for power generation rises by only one-third, due to a higher proportion of highly efficient plants. Read more…

Article published in: FuturENERGY December 2017 – January 2018

A new policy brief co-authored by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) and the World Resources Institute (WRI) finds that increasing the share of renewables, in particular solar PV and wind, in India’s power mix, and implementing changes in cooling technologies mandated for thermal power plants would not only lower carbon emissions intensity, but also substantially reduce water withdrawal and consumption intensity of power generation.

The brief, Water Use in India’s Power Generation – Impact of Renewables and Improved Cooling Technologies to 2030, finds that depending on the future energy pathways (IRENA’s REmap 2030 and the Central Electricity Authority of India), a power sector (excluding hydroelectricity) transformation driven by solar PV and wind, coupled with improved cooling technologies in thermal and other renewable power plants, could yield as much as an 84% decrease in water withdrawal intensity by 2030, lower annual water consumption intensity by 25% and reduce carbon emissions intensity by 43%, compared to 2014 levels. It builds off of the findings of Parched Power: Water Demands, Risks, and Opportunities for India’s Power Sector, launched by WRI.

More than four-fifths of India’s electricity is generated from coal, gas and nuclear power plants which rely significantly on freshwater for cooling purposes. Moreover, the power sector’s share in national water consumption is projected to grow from 1.4 to 9% between 2025 and 2050, placing further stress on water resources. Renewable energy, with the added potential to reduce both water demand and carbon emissions, must hence be at the core of India’s energy future.

Key findings

The power sector contributes to and is affected by water stress. Rapid growth in freshwater-intensive thermal power generation can contribute to water stress in the areas where plants are located. Power generation is expected to account for nearly 9% of national water consumption by 2050 (in a businessas-usual scenario) – growing from 1.4% in 2025 (Central Water Commission, 2015) and this figure is likely to vary quite significantly from region to region. There is a mismatch between water demand and supply when usable surface water capacity and replenishable groundwater levels are considered. Water stress is particularly acute in naturally arid regions and areas where water is also needed for other uses such as irrigation. Confronted with growing risks to water and energy security, the power sector needs long-term approaches to reduce its dependence on freshwater while also meeting other environmental objectives such as reducing atmospheric, water and soil pollution.

The combination of improved power plant cooling technologies and»renewable energy technologies, especially solar PV and wind, could lessen the intensity of freshwater use and carbon intensity of the power sector. In its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), India committed to increasing the share of non-fossil sources in its installed power capacity to 40% by 2030. India has a related target of 175 GW of renewables capacity by 2022, including 100 GW of solar PV and 60 GW of wind. As solar PV and wind power require significantly less water than conventional and other renewable sources during the operational phase, their substantial uptake could contribute to a reduction in freshwater use as well as carbon intensity of power generation. Simultaneously, phasing out once-through cooling technologies at existing power plants and restricting their installation at new thermal plants, through enforcement of the announced regulatory water use standards, will substantially reduce water withdrawal.

By 2030, the water withdrawal intensity of the electricity generation (excluding hydropower) could be reduced by up to 84%, consumption intensity by up to 25%, and CO2 intensity by up to 43% in comparison to the 2014 baseline. Under all scenarios analysed, the Indian power sector’s freshwater and CO2 intensity (excluding hydropower) would substantially fall compared to the 2014 baseline. Even as intensities reduce, changes to absolute water withdrawal and consumption in 2030 vary. The transition from once-through to recirculating cooling systems will drastically reduce withdrawal but will increase total water consumption in most scenarios. Coupled with continuing thermal and renewable capacity development, total water consumption in 2030 is estimated to increase by up to 4 billion m3. Measures discussed in this brief to reduce freshwater and carbon intensity complement demand-side measures, such as energy efficiency improvements, thus warranting an integrated approach to power sector planning.

The joint brief was launched at the World Future Energy Summit 2018 in Abu Dhabi

Source: IRENA

Policy, technological advances and cost reductions have made a cleaner energy mix a reality, and by 2030, Europe is to meet 27% of its total energy demand with renewable energy, and increase its energy efficiency by 30%.

Governments, regions and cities across the globe have committed to reducing carbon emissions in alignment with the COP 21 Paris accord, and many pledges have been made to become solely reliant on renewables by 2040/2050. However, significant transformation and investment across the extended energy value chain, from oil and gas operators, through to power generators, distributors and electricity consumers, needs to take place at a continued rapid pace, to meet policymaker’s targets.

 

Global Power & Energy Exhibition (GPEX), co-located with Gastech, will take place in Barcelona in September 2018, to provide solutions for businesses adapting to the energy transition. The event will play host to 30,000 business and technical thought-leaders, to address important commercial, regulatory, geopolitical and technical issues impacting the future of the power and energy industry, as well as focus on citizens, as distributed energy generation agents in this new energy model.

Stewart Bundock, Event Director at organiser dmg::events, says: “We are living in truly transformative times, and few industries are facing more change than the global energy sector. A combination of policy and emerging technologies are changing the way that power is produced, distributed and consumed, and revolutionising the landscape over the years and decades ahead. But integration is a vast and complex undertaking that requires cohesion and knowledge sharing.

An innovative, technology-focused exhibition with 200 international exhibitors, will feature four dedicated industry zones with technical seminar theatres, namely Power Generation, Energy Storage, Grid Evolution, Energy Efficiency & Sustainability. The exhibition will feature key sectors and technologies for the energy transition, including electrical mobility, photovoltaic self-consumption, Near Zero consumption and Energy Positive buildings.

The Global Power & Energy Leaders’ Summit – a strategic, c-level conference – will deliver a thought-provoking programme to address the theme of the global energy transition, promoting collaboration among gas, power and energy CEOs and political influencers, as well as new business models linked to energy transition, including energy aggregators and cooperatives. In addition, the Utility CxO Summit will examine how digital technologies are transforming the utility sector, and empowering citizens as new energy producers.

Bundock continues: “Our mission is to gather the people, ideas, technologies and best practices so that policymakers and the energy industry can fulfil their goal of creating and delivering a reliable, low-cost and sustainable energy supply.

Co-located with Gastech Exhibition and Conference in Barcelona, which for over 45 years has been at the forefront of the international gas & LNG market, GPEX aims to bring together the gas, power and energy prosumer communities, who form the central core of the energy transition.

Why Spain?

Spain has historically played a key role in its commitment to renewable and low-carbon energy, and in doing so, establishing a varied and balanced energy mix. Investment in the energy sector has returned, and regional initiatives are in place to reduce carbon emissions dramatically.

GPEX is held in partnership with the Government of Catalonia, who view the energy transition as a key pillar to the economic prosperity of the region. Ms. Assumpta Farran, Director of Catalan Institute of Energy (ICAEN), and Chair of the GPEX Advisory Board, comments:

We are excited to host next year’s GPEX18. It is an historic moment to facilitate switching to a new clean and distributed energy model, taking advantage of the confluence of the application of the internet of things and accelerated through other disruptive technologies, such as electrical vehicles, smart and improved electrical energy storage, blockchain, as well as by the dramatic fall of photovoltaic energy prices. The Agreement for the Energy Transition in Catalonia has already been approved by Catalan Government, to empower citizens to become not only consumers, but also producers. GPEX18 is a great opportunity for ‘Learning by Challenge’, to share experiences, projects and policies with international experts on how to drive and enhance this process.

Source: dmg::events

The Brazilian energy agency, EPE and the Ministry of Mines and Energy (MME) have published the long-awaited 10-year Energy Expansion Plan, known as the PDE 2026 (Plano Decenal de Energia), with a provision of $430bn to help the country’s energy sector. According to PDE 2026, the domestic energy offer needed to drive the Brazilian economy to 2026 will be 351 Mtep. As a result, EPE forecasts that the installed capacity in the National Interconnected System (SIN) over the next decade will rise by 64 GW from 148 GW to 212 GW. Around 50% of this growth will come from non-conventional renewable sources. EPE forecasts that renewables, excluding hydropower, will achieve a 48% share of the energy mix by 2026.

Every year, Brazil publishes a 10-year proposal, the Energy Expansion Plan, which examines the estimated development of the country’s energy sector and offers a forecast of what will be achieved over the course of the decade. Due to changes in both the government and at EPE, there was no proposal last year, which is why publication of the current plan has been so eagerly anticipated.

 

Under the new reference scenario, the new PDE targets utility-scale solar to achieve 9,660 MW by 2026, rising from 21 MW in 2016. Combining these 9,660 MW with the deployment of 3.5 MW in distributed PV generation, total solar installations would exceed 13 GW by 2026. Read more...

Article published in: FuturENERGY July-August 2017

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Alexey Teksler, Primer Viceministro de Energía de Rusia, Adnan Z. Amin, Director General de IRENA y Dolf Gielen, Director del Centro de Innovación y Tecnología de IRENA en el lanzamiento de REmap Rusia en Moscú / Alexey Teksler, Russia’s First Deputy Minister of Energy, Adnan Z. Amin, Director General of IRENA and Dolf Gielen, Director of IRENA’s Innovation and Technology Centre at the launch of REmap Russia in Moscow

Russia can increase the share of renewables in its energy mix from roughly 3% today to more than 11% by 2030, according to new findings by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA). The growth in renewable energy use would represent nearly a fourfold increase in the share of renewables between 2014 and 2030. Renewable Energy Prospects for the Russian Federation, was presented to high-level stakeholders at a meeting in Moscow, between the Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation and IRENA.

Russia has significant potential of all renewable energy sources, with large hydropower and bioenergy being the main sources of renewables in the country’s energy system today. By the end of 2015, total installed renewable power generation capacity reached 53.5 GW, representing about 20% of the country’s total capacity, the majority of which lies in large hydropower.

 

The global energy transition is underway, with this study we have a better understanding of Russia’s renewable energy potential, what benefits it could bring, and what can be done to make this a reality,” said IRENA Director-General Adnan Z. Amin. “Russia has had a long history of leadership in the energy sector – and now has the opportunity to extend that leadership into renewable energy. Further developing Russia’s rich and diverse renewable energy resources can significantly contribute to the country’s economic objectives such as economic growth and employment, diversify the energy mix, improve energy security and reduce energy supply costs in remote regions,” Mr. Amin added.

Under Russia’s current energy strategy the share of renewable energy will reach 4.9% by 2030, falling short of its potential of more than 11.3%, by IRENA’s estimates. According to the new working paper, the power sector is estimated to have the highest renewable energy share, at about 30% in 2030 — split into 20% for hydropower and 10% for wind, PV and geothermal power.

In addition to hydropower and bioenergy, Russia has already taken steps to accelerate deployment of other renewable energy technologies. The country’s current renewable energy policy focuses on accelerating the deployment of wind and solar PV, and in 2016, approximately 70 MW of new renewable energy capacity was introduced.

To implement the study’s recommendations, an annual investment of approximately USD 15 billion per year between 2015 and 2050 is required, but IRENA shows that the benefits can exceed costs when externalities related to human health and climate change are considered. Renewables identified under REmap can save up to USD 8 billion per year by 2030, and additional benefits could include potentially exporting wind and hydropower to Asia, and biofuels to Europe — according to current estimates Russia has the largest wind potential in the world.

Renewable Energy Prospects for the Russian Federation is part of IRENA’s renewable energy roadmap programme, REmap, which determines the potential for countries, regions and the world to scale up renewables to ensure an affordable and sustainable energy future. The roadmap focuses not just on renewable power technologies, but also technology options in heating, cooling and transport. The Russian Federation study is the latest in the series of country-level REmap analyses, which includes countries such as China, Germany, Indonesia, Mexico and the United States.

Source: IRENA

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Rusia puede aumentar la participación de las energías renovables en su mix energético desde, aproximadamente, el 3% actual a más del 11% para 2030, según los nuevos resultados de la Agencia Internacional de Energías Renovables (IRENA). El crecimiento del uso de energías renovables representaría un aumento de casi cuatro veces en la proporción de energías renovables entre 2014 y 2030. El documento en el que se basan estas afirmaciones, Renewable Energy Prospects for the Russian Federation, fue presentado a las partes interesadas de alto nivel en una reunión en Moscú entre el Ministerio de Energía de la Federación Rusa e IRENA.

Rusia tiene un potencial significativo de todas las fuentes de energía renovable, siendo la energía hidroeléctrica y la bioenergía las principales fuentes de energía renovable en el sistema energético del país. A finales de 2015, la capacidad instalada total de generación de energía renovable alcanzó los 53,5 GW, lo que representa alrededor del 20% de la capacidad total del país, la mayoría de los cuales se encuentraN en grandes hidroeléctricas.

 

La transición energética global está en marcha, con este estudio tenemos una mejor comprensión del potencial de energía renovable de Rusia, qué beneficios podría traer y qué se puede hacer para que esto sea una realidad“, dijo el Director General de la IRENA, Adnan Z. Amin. “Rusia ha tenido una larga historia de liderazgo en el sector energético- y ahora tiene la oportunidad de extender ese liderazgo a la energía renovable. El desarrollo de los ricos y diversos recursos energéticos renovables de Rusia puede contribuir significativamente a los objetivos económicos del país, como el crecimiento económico y el empleo, diversificar el mix energético, mejorar la seguridad energética y reducir los costes del suministro energético en regiones remotas.”

Según la actual estrategia energética de Rusia, la cuota de energía renovable alcanzará el 4,9% en 2030, lejos del potencial de más del 11,3% según las estimaciones de IRENA. Según el nuevo documento de trabajo, se estima que el sector eléctrico tendrá la mayor participación en energía renovable, en torno al 30% en 2030, dividido en 20% para la energía hidroeléctrica y 10% para la energía eólica, fotovoltaica y geotérmica.

Además de la energía hidroeléctrica y la bioenergía, Rusia ya ha tomado medidas para acelerar el despliegue de otras tecnologías de energía renovable. La actual política de energía renovable del país se centra en acelerar el despliegue de las energías eólica y solar, y en 2016 se introdujeron aproximadamente 70 MW de nueva capacidad de energía renovable.

Para implementar las recomendaciones del estudio, se requiere una inversión anual de aproximadamente 15.000 M$ por año entre 2015 y 2050, pero IRENA muestra que los beneficios pueden exceder los costes cuando se consideran las externalidades relacionadas con la salud humana y el cambio climático. Las energías renovables identificadas en REmap pueden ahorrar hasta 8.000 M $ al año para el 2030, y los beneficios adicionales podrían incluir la exportación de energía eólica e hidroeléctrica a Asia y biocombustibles a Europa – según estimaciones actuales Rusia tiene el mayor potencial eólico del mundo.

Renewable Energy Prospects for the Russian Federation forma parte del programa de IRENA de planificación de hojas de ruta de la energía renovable, REmap, que determina el potencial de los países, regiones y el mundo para aumentar las energías renovables para garantizar un futuro energético asequible y sostenible. La hoja de ruta se centra no sólo en las tecnologías de energía renovable, sino también en las opciones tecnológicas de calefacción, refrigeración y transporte. El estudio de la Federación de Rusia es el último de la serie de análisis REmap a nivel de país, que incluye países como China, Alemania, Indonesia, México y EE.UU.

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Last 13 October, the conclusions of “The role of gas in decarbonising the economy” were presented in Madrid, a report drawn up by KPMG which can be downloaded from the Sedigas website. In the report, Sedigas and KPMG analyse the contribution of natural gas to emissions reduction and its role in the energy mix. The report confirms the need to use gas as a source of clean energy to achieve a low carbon economy at minimum cost; the 33% participation of gas in the primary energy mix that would help achieve a 4% additional reduction in GHG emissions, representing an annual saving of over €220m in the residential and tertiary sectors and improving the energy efficiency target by 22%.

In addition to enjoying efficient technologies, gas guarantees a secure supply in both Spain and in Europe, given its existing infrastructures. The high level of development of Spain’s gas infrastructure favours an increased presence of natural gas without compromising compliance with 2030 targets. As a result, natural gas plays a leading role in achieving a low carbon economy, in line with the EU’s 2030 objectives – targets that are in accordance with the agreements reached at the COP 21 in Paris.

In a baseline scenario, Spain’s forecasts for 2030 indicate the participation of natural gas in primary energy that in 2014 stood at 20%, increasing by seven points to achieve a share of 27%. Taking into account the characteristics of the Spanish gas system as regards the development of its infrastructures, this share could rise to almost 33%, achieving additional benefits (lower emissions and economic saving) without compromising 2030 objectives.Read more…

Article published in: FuturENERGY October 2016

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