Tags Posts tagged with "hydrogen"

hydrogen

FuturENERGY Dec. 19 - Jan. 2020

The mobility and transport sector represents one of main focal points of CO2 emissions and other greenhouse gases (GHG) at global level, turning it into a field of priority activity in the fight against climate change. Its future is to achieve a more sustainable and low emissions mobility model. Energy infrastructures company, Redexis, is aware that its key role and commitment to new mobility models help solve the problem of climate and air quality in cities. As a result the company is driving the mobility transformation through its support for vehicular natural gas (VNG), and aims to create the largest network of gas stations in Spain, by announcing the construction of over 100 natural gas fuelling facilities in the next two years…

 

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FuturENERGY Dec.19 -Jan. 2020

Today, hydrogen technologies and fuel cells have a key role to play on the road towards climate neutrality (set for 2050 both at European level with the Green Deal and in Spain with the NECP), given that if hydrogen is produced from renewable energy, it involves no contaminant emissions and brings with it numerous advantages. Green hydrogen-based technological solutions enable the limits of decarbonisation to be extended, reaching sectors, processes and applications that would otherwise be extremely complex or expensive to decarbonise, paving the way towards the imminent need to reduce emissions… By Maribel Rodríguez Olmo. Assistant Director, Ariema Energía y Medioambiente.

 

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FuturENERGY Dec.19 - Jan. 2020

Hydrogen represents almost three-quarters of the mass of the Universe and is the most abundant element on the planet however, it does not exist in a natural and isolated form. It is found in water, which covers 70% of the Earth’s surface and in all organic matter. It is the simplest element, the first of the Periodic Table and comprises one proton and one electron. Under normal pressure and temperature conditions, it is a colourless and odourless gas. It is also the lightest of all elements and gases, 14 times lighter than air with 1 Normal cubic metre weighing 90 grams. It liquefies at an extremely low temperature, -253 ºC, just 20 above absolute zero… By Carles Pallé Commercial. Technology in Water, H2, Spots, at Carburos Metálicos.

 

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FuturENERGY Dec. 19 - Jan. 2020

Everyday there is more and more bad news regarding the problems that pollution is causing to both the climate of our planet and to our health in the cities. Society is becoming more aware of the need to reduce pollution and GHG emissions, to make use of renewable sources and to
seek sustainable solutions to the use of natural resources. Renouncing a way of life that has provided a level of global well-being as has probably never existed before in the history of humanity is complex, but the challenge we are facing is equally critical. As such, if we want a transition based on renewables and respect for the environment that is not traumatic for a new society, a series of questions immediately arise: are there viable and sustainable energy alternatives? How fast can they be implemented? Will they radically impact on the economy and social relationships?… By Oscar Fernández Isla. Product Manager, Siemens España.

FuturENERGY Dec. 19 - Jan. 2020

Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the Universe, but is not freely available in the ground. It is not a natural resource, in other words, it has to be produced, just like electricity, which is why use it is usually said that hydrogen is an energy vector. Hydrogen can be produced from a wide range of resources (water, fossil resources, biomass, microbes, etc.), following different transformation processes including electrolysis, gasification, reforming, photoelectrolysis and photobiolysis… By Carlos Fúnez Guerra. Head of the Open Innovation Unit at the Spanish National Hydrogen Centre.

 

The Power-to-Gas (PtG) technology converts electric energy into hydrogen or, by subsequent synthesis, into methane or liquid energy carriers. An analysis of Ludwig-Bölkow-Systemtechnik’s(1) PtG database shows that more than 300 PtG projects have been announced worldwide by the end of 2019. During the last 6 months, more construction capacity has been announced than in the last 6 years altogether.

At the same time, PtG systems have increased in size. Several electrolysers with an electrical capacity of more than 30 MW will be built in Germany in the next few years. The projects focus on sector coupling in particular, using hydrogen technologies. Sector coupling links the electricity, heat, and gas sectors as well as the mobility sector and enables a better balancing of fluctuations in renewable energies and CO2-reduced mobility.

Larger plants are also in the planning process in neighbouring countries. However, Germany is assuming a pioneering role, particularly with its “living labs” (within the 7th Energy Research Programme of the Federal Government). Here, hydrogen technologies are used and tested under real conditions at an industrial scale, focusing on regions with a high supply of renewable energies or important industrial sites pursuing particularly attractive concepts.

The Federal Government also supports other H2 regions in Germany in the context of the “HyLand” funding program. In December 2019, 13 “HyExpert” regions and three “HyPerfomer” – regions were selected for the development of H2 concepts and the implementation of specific project concepts.

In addition to using it as an energy carrier, hydrogen is versatile feedstock used, for example, in the chemical, petrochemical, and metal industries. Presently, about 50 million Nm³ of hydrogen day are used in German industry, which is largely produced from fossil sources (“grey” hydrogen), mainly from natural gas. Over 20 million tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) are being released annually as a result. When hydrogen is produced via electrolysis from renewable electricity (“green” hydrogen), no CO2 is emitted. Consequently, German CO2 emissions can be significantly reduced by substituting grey hydrogen by green hydrogen.

Green hydrogen will become competitive in the long run

Today environmentally friendly green hydrogen is even more expensive than grey hydrogen. However, costs are expected to reach parity as a result of improved political and regulatory conditions and declining costs of renewable electricity and electrolysis systems. Applications of the hydrogen produced by PtG include feeding hydrogen into the natural gas grid, with or without prior methanation, employing green hydrogen for direct reduction in steel production and hydrogenation in refineries, and using it in the transport and the heating sector.

(1)Ludwig-Bölkow-Systemtechnik is an associated company of TÜV SÜD AG

Schaeffler is increasing its involvement in hydrogen technology

Las baterías de placas bipolares son un componente importante del sistema de la pila de combustible/Stacked bipolar plates are an important component of the fuel cell system

Schaeffler is now a steering member in the Hydrogen Council, a globally active hydrogen interest group based in Belgium. The initiative comprises 81 leading companies from the energy, transport, and industrial sectors.

The goal of the members is to drive forward hydrogen technology in the direction of industrialization.

Establishing hydrogen technologies globally

We want to shape CO2-neutral, sustainable mobility with regard to the entire energy chain. We will accomplish this by using the enormous future potential of green hydrogen along the entire value-added chain, says Klaus Rosenfeld”, CEO of Schaeffler AG. “Joining the Hydrogen Council will enable us to further advance and establish hydrogen technologies together with strong partners globally.

With its goal of achieving maximum sustainability and CO2 neutrality, Schaeffler is shaping mobility and the associated energy chain as an automotive and industrial supplier. “Hydrogen technology offers enormous potential in this area, both in terms of energy storage and emissions-free drive solutions”, says Klaus Rosenfeld. “Our core expertise in materials technology, forming technology, and surface technology will enable the efficient high-volume production of key components for the future hydrogen economy and will make a significant contribution to the company’s success.

The establishment and development of research and development partnerships for developing and testing fuel cell components is also an important strategic task here. Schaeffler already joined the Bavarian Hydrogen Council last year.

Key components for fuel cells

Schaeffler has been focusing on the value-added chain of key components for fuel cells for some time. Bipolar plates are produced by precise forming and coating in the thin-layer range, which once stacked form an important component of the fuel cell system. The fuel cell stacks are energy converters, which let H2 react with O2 to form water. The electricity generated during this process can be used to power the vehicle’s electric motor. Schaeffler’s portfolio for optimized fuel cell systems is expanded by additional areas of expertise, such as electronic control systems, special high-performance bearings, smart thermal management modules or components for passive hydrogen recirculation.

Source: Schaeffler

FuturENERGY Dec. 19 - Jan. 2020

It is becoming increasingly clearer that the world must progress towards decarbonising different sectors which will allow us to sustainably face a future that will demand more energy and in which more inhabitants will populate our planet. This is why, at the Climate Summit (COP25), which took place at the end of last year in Madrid, many countries, governments and institutions, set a date for total decarbonisation; in other words, the complete elimination of CO2 emissions in the different economic sectors is now starting to be seen as a real objective… By Javier Brey Sánchez. Chair of the Spanish Hydrogen Association, AeH2.

 

CLH and the US company Plug Power have signed a collaboration agreement to extend the use of hydrogen in Spain through the design, implementation and operation of energy solutions based on this technology. This alliance will make it possible to offer comprehensive solutions to customers, such as retrofitting existing equipment to use hydrogen, selling new equipment, offering a steady supply of hydrogen and building and maintaining the required infrastructures. Therefore, the proposal offered to customers will be Hydrogen as a Service.

Under this agreement, the two companies will cooperate on the development of hydrogen-based energy solutions for diverse sectors and activities, including handling cargo, transporting goods, and other areas in which hydrogen-based solutions may afford advantages over the alternatives. In this regard, one area of particular interest is its use in powering forklifts and other equipment operated at ports and airports.

By using hydrogen as a fuel, no harmful emissions are released into the atmosphere because only steam is given off. In addition to generating no contaminating emissions, the use of hydrogen has other advantages such as the fact that it is completely silent when operating and refuelling is more convenient and faster, which makes steady operation possible. Hydrogen-based logistics and industrial energy solutions also pose an advantage in that they take up less space and eliminate the need for high power electrical connections. And, over their full lifecycle, they are often more economical than other alternative solutions.

CLH will guarantee a constant hydrogen supply, backed by its experience and knowledge in the design, construction, maintenance and operation of transport and storage networks, in addition to its capacity to design and implement energy solutions and offer services to industrial customers.

Plug Power is the global leader in the design and marketing of hydrogen fuel cell systems, with 28,000 fuel cells distributed on the international market and more than 270 million hours of operation in mobility applications.

The CLH Group is the leading company engaged in the transport and storage of oil products in the Spanish market and the second largest logistics operator in Europe in terms of the extension of its pipeline network and storage capacity. In Spain, it has a pipeline network over 4,000 kilometres in length and 39 storage facilities with capacity for 8 million cubic metres, as well as being present at the main Spanish airports. At the international level, the company is developing an ambitious expansion plan and conducts its business in the UK, Oman, Ireland, Panama and Ecuador.

Source: CLH

Sales of alternatively-powered vehicles are following a highly uneven pattern across EU member states, according to new findings from the European Automobile Manufacturers’ Association (ACEA). Indeed, the consumer uptake of battery electric, plug-in hybrid and hybrid electric passenger cars, as well as those fuelled by natural gas or hydrogen, differs strongly from country to country as a recent report points out.

For instance, the number of battery electric cars and plug-in hybrids (electrically-chargeable vehicles, or ECVs) sold last year ranged from just 93 cars in Latvia (0.6% market share) to 67,504 in Germany (2% market share), ACEA’s data shows.

This picture is very representative, as the consumer uptake of electrically-chargeable cars is particularly low in Central and Eastern Europe, with Poland for instance selling hardly any (0.2% of total passenger car sales). An ECV market share of more than 1.5% is something that is exclusive to Western European countries.

When it comes to electrically-chargeable vehicles, the ACEA report highlights not only an east-west divide, but also a marked north-south distinction. Indeed, electric cars represent less than 1% of total sales in Italy and Spain – the third and fourth largest EU economies respectively.

Clearly, the uptake of electrically-chargeable cars is correlated to a country’s standard of living, with half of all EU member states having a market share lower than 1%. In only four EU countries electrically-chargeable vehicles make up more than 2.5% of the car market.

ACEA’s report also shows that sales of cars running on natural gas are mainly concentrated in Italy and Germany (74% of the EU total), and that fuel-cell cars account for a negligible share of total EU passenger car sales for the time being.

If the extremely ambitious 2025 and 2030 CO2 targets set by the EU are to be achieved, sales of all types of alternatively-powered vehicles will have to pick up rapidly in all member states.

Source: ACEA

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