Tags Posts tagged with "sustainable"


On June 29th, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, President Barack Obama, and President Enrique Peña Nieto shared a common commitment to a competitive, low-carbon and sustainable North American economy and society:

The Paris Agreement was a turning point for our planet, representing unprecedented accord on the urgent need to take action to combat climate change through innovation and deployment of low-carbon solutions. North America has the capacity, resources and the moral imperative to show strong leadership building on the Paris Agreement and promoting its early entry into force.

We recognize that our highly integrated economies and energy systems afford a tremendous opportunity to harness growth in our continuing transition to a clean energy economy.  Our actions to align climate and energy policies will protect human health and help level the playing field for our businesses, households, and workers.

In recognition of our close ties and shared vision, we commit today to an ambitious and enduring North American Climate, Clean Energy, and Environment Partnership that sets us firmly on the path to a more sustainable future.

Advancing Clean and Secure Power

We announce a historic goal for North America to strive to achieve 50 percent clean power generation by 2025. We will accomplish this goal through clean energy development and deployment, clean energy innovation and energy efficiency. Building from ongoing efforts by our respective energy ministers through the North American Energy Ministerial Memorandum Concerning Climate Change and Energy Collaboration, a range of initiatives will support this goal, including:

-Scaling up clean energy through aggressive domestic initiatives and policies, including Mexico’s Energy Transition Law and new Clean Energy Certificates, the U.S. Clean Power Plan and five-year extension of production and investment tax credits, and Canada’s actions to further scale up renewables, including hydro.

-Collaborating on cross-border transmission projects, including for renewable energy.  At least six transmission lines currently proposed or in permitting review, such as the Great Northern Transmission Line, the New England Clean Power Link, and the Nogales Interconnection, would add approximately 5,000 megawatts (MW) of new cross-border transmission capacity.

-Conducting a joint study on the opportunities and impacts of adding more renewables to the power grid on a North American basis.

-Enhancing trilateral collaboration on greening of government initiatives including the purchase of more efficient products, cleaner power, and clean vehicles.

-Strengthening and aligning efficiency standards across all three countries, facilitating the seamless movement of products, reducing pollution, and cutting costs for consumers. We commit to promote industrial and commercial efficiency through the voluntary ISO 50001 energy performance standard and to align a total of ten energy efficiency standards or test procedures for equipment by the end of 2019.

-Building on North American leadership in international forums such as Mission Innovation to accelerate clean energy innovation, our energy researchers will identify joint research and demonstration initiatives to advance clean technologies in priority areas such as: electricity grids and energy storage; reducing methane emissions; carbon capture, utilization and storage; and advanced heating and cooling, including energy efficiency in buildings.

Together, we estimate that the development of current and future projects and policies to achieve this goal will create thousands of clean jobs and support of our vision for a clean growth economy.

The three countries will continue to strengthen the North American Cooperation on Energy Information platform, by including additional geospatial information relating to cross-border infrastructure and renewable energy resources.  We also commit to deepened electric reliability cooperation to strengthen the security and resilience of an increasingly integrated North American electricity grid.

Driving Down Short-Lived Climate Pollutants

Short-lived climate pollutants such as methane, black carbon, and hydrofluorocarbons are up to thousands of times more potent than carbon dioxide. Common sense actions to reduce these pollutants will deliver significant climate and health benefits in the near term and into the future, supporting our goal to limit global warming this century.

Today, Mexico will join Canada and the United States in committing to reduce their methane emissions from the oil and gas sector – the world’s largest methane source – 40% to 45% by 2025, towards achieving the greenhouse gas targets in our nationally determined contributions. To achieve this goal, the three countries commit to develop and implement federal regulations to reduce emissions from existing and new sources in the oil and gas sector as soon as possible.  We also commit to develop and implement national methane reduction strategies for key sectors such as oil and gas, agriculture, and waste management, including food waste.

Finally, we pledge to continue collaborating with one another and with international partners as we commit to significant national actions to reduce black carbon emissions in North America, and promote alternatives to highly polluting hydrofluorocarbons.

Promoting Clean and Efficient Transportation

We recognize that fully realizing the promise of an integrated North American transportation network will require joint action that will create clean jobs while reducing energy consumption, greenhouse gases, and air pollution.  Today, we commit to:

-Accelerating deployment of clean vehicles in government fleets;

-Working collaboratively with industry to encourage the adoption of clean vehicles by identifying initiatives to support consumer choice;

-Encouraging public and private infrastructure investments to establish ‎North American refuelling corridors for clean vehicles;

-Working to align applicable regulations, codes and standards where appropriate;

-Fostering research, development, and demonstration activities for new clean technologies;

-Convening industry leaders and other stakeholders by spring 2017 as part of a shared vision for a competitive and clean North American automotive sector.

Canada, the U.S., and Mexico commit to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from light- and heavy-duty vehicles by aligning fuel efficiency and/or GHG emission standards out to 2025 and 2027, respectively.  We further commit to reduce air pollutant emissions by aligning air pollutant emission standards for light- and heavy-duty vehicles and corresponding ultra low-sulphur fuel standards by 2018.  In addition, we will encourage greener freight transportation throughout North America by expanding the SmartWay program to Mexico.

We recognize the significant contributions of our respective automotive industries and urge them to continue playing a leadership role in the development and deployment of clean and connected vehicles, innovating toward a shared vision of a green transportation future.

We support the adoption by all countries in 2016 of the market-based measure proposed through the International Civil Aviation Organization to allow for carbon-neutral growth from international civil aviation from 2020 onwards and will join the first phase of the measure adopted.

We are committed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions from maritime shipping and will continue to work together and through the International Maritime Organization to support implementation of a North American Emission Control Area that includes Mexico.

Protecting Nature and Advancing Science

The mainstreaming of conservation and sustainable biodiversity is a key component of sustainable development. Canada and the U.S. congratulate Mexico on its commitment to host the 13th Conference of Parties to the Convention on Biodiversity under this theme. We will also work together to better integrate ocean observation systems, enhance early warning systems for natural disasters, and cooperate on marine protected areas.

We reaffirm our commitment to work collaboratively to achieve our long term goal of conserving North America’s Monarch migratory phenomena and to ensure that sufficient habitat is available to support the 2020 target for the eastern Monarch population.  Trilateral efforts to date have achieved significant successes across the range, including the restoration and enhancement of hundreds of thousands of acres of habitat.  We look forward to continued progress and action in the future, building on the population increase for eastern monarchs observed in 2015.

We commit to collaborating with Indigenous communities and leaders to incorporate traditional knowledge in decision-making, including in natural resource management, where appropriate, and in advancing our understanding of climate change and climate resilience. We also recognize the importance of a gender-responsive approach to climate action and sustainable development.

Showing Global Leadership in Addressing Climate Change

Canada, the U.S., and Mexico will work together to implement the historic Paris Agreement, supporting our goal to limit temperature rise this century to well below 2oC, and pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5oC. We reaffirm our commitment to join the Agreement this year, and call on all nations to support its entry into force in 2016. As we implement our respective Nationally-Determined Contributions, we will cooperate on climate mitigation and adaptation, focusing in particular on highly integrated sectors, shared ecosystems, human health and disaster risk-reduction efforts. We will work together and with international partners to support developing country partners in their mitigation and adaptation efforts. We will also support robust implementation of the Paris Agreement’s transparency and carbon markets-related provisions, and will develop mid-century, long-term low-greenhouse gas emissions development strategies this year.

Canada, the U.S., and Mexico affirm our commitment to adopt an ambitious and comprehensive Montreal Protocol hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) phase-down amendment in 2016, and to reduce use of HFCs, including through domestic actions. We call on all nations to support this goal.

We commit to phase out inefficient fossil fuel subsidies by 2025 and call on the other members of the G-20 to do the same.  We also urge the G-20 to make commitments to reduce methane emissions in the oil and gas sector and to improve the environmental performance of heavy-duty vehicles.

Canada, the U.S., and Mexico will promote universal energy access and work together to address the challenges of energy security and integration, clean energy investment, and regional energy cooperation in the Caribbean and Central America.

Canada, the U.S. and Mexico will align approaches to account for the social cost of carbon and other greenhouse gas emissions when assessing the benefits of emissions-reducing policy measures.

The Action Plan that supports this Joint Statement further elaborates the various activities that the three countries are undertaking to meet their commitments.


Source: U.S. Embassy & Consulates in Canada

Standardising the main conclusions of the analysis of the European directives on energy efficiency that establish new energy business models, has been the aim of the new IPM Paper “The sustainable city and new business models” written by Javier García Breva and published by IMEDIA. This article offers a summary of the said document and the main conclusions drawn from the analysis carried out by its author, advisor on energy policies and chairman of N2E.

The report demonstrates that the energy model prescribed by the European directives is to make savings through distributed generation, self-consumption, smart meters with net balance and interaction with consumers, nearly zero energy buildings, efficient DHC networks and the electric vehicle. It also concludes that the impacts on climate will determine how cities and transport will be restructured, turning each consumption centre into a generation centre, through energy refurbishment, the nearly zero energy building and the electric vehicle.

The stimulus received by this sector over past years has been a compulsory requirement of the European Directives on Energy Efficiency (2012) and Buildings (2010) that have still not been fully implemented by Spain’s legal system. Law 8/2013 on urban refurbishment, regeneration and renovation, consolidated by Royal Legislative Decree 7/2015, is a step forwards, however Spain has not set any targets for energy efficiency, refurbishment or nearly zero energy buildings. Read more…

Article published in: FuturENERGY March 2016

According to a study drawn up by Dodge Data & Analytics and United Technologies Corporation in conjunction with the World Green Building Council, growth figures for the green building sector are set to double over the next two years. More than 1,000 survey respondents from 69 different countries took part in the report, including Green Building Council España.

The study “World Green Building Trends 2016, Developing Markets Accelerate Global Green Growth” estimates that 60% of construction companies expect their certified buildings to have doubled by 2018, going from the current figure of 18% to 37%.

This anticipated growth is largely driven by countries that still have developing green building sectors. Mature markets such as the US and Europe (including Germany, Poland and the UK), report moderate levels of growth. By contrast, survey respondents in Mexico, Brazil, Colombia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, China and India indicate a far higher growth in the percentage of projects that they expect to be certified as green. Read more…

Article published in: FuturENERGY March 2016

On 16 February, the European Commission presented its first strategy to optimise heating and cooling in buildings and industries. The EU Heating and Cooling Strategy is the first EU initiative to address the energy used for heating and cooling in buildings and industry, which accounts for 50% of the EU’s annual energy consumption. By making the sector smarter, more efficient and sustainable, energy imports and dependency will fall, costs will be cut and emissions reduced. The Strategy is a key action of the Energy Union and will contribute to improving EU’s energy security and to addressing the post-COP 21 climate agenda.

Heating and cooling refers to the energy needed for warming and cooling buildings, whether residential or in the services sector (for example schools, hospitals, office buildings). It also includes the energy required by almost all industrial processes as well as cooling and refrigeration in the service sector, such as the retail sector (for example to preserve food across the supply chain, from production to supermarket and on to the customer). Currently, the sector accounts for 50% of the EU’s annual energy consumption, accounting for 13% of total oil consumption and 59% of total gas consumption (direct use only) in the EU. The latter equates to 68% of all gas imports. This is mainly because European buildings are old, which implies various problems, including:

• Almost half of the EU’s buildings have boilers installed prior to 1992, with an efficiency rate of below 60%.
• 22% of gas boilers, 34% of electric heaters, 47% of oil boilers and 58% of coal boilers are older than their technical lifetime. Read more…

Article published in: FuturENERGY March 2016

The CEPPI project website has been launched to showcase the sustainable energy solutions lead by the five participating cities – Birmingham (UK), Budapest (Hungary), Castelló and Valencia (Spain), and Wrocław (Poland) – and supported by the 4 expert partners. By using a pro-innovation procurement approach, the cities aim to achieve energy savings of 33GWh per year.

This 3-year project pursues to build capacity related to public procurement of innovation (PPI) and sustainable public procurement (SPP) in cities. Public procurement has the power to foster innovation and shape it to meet the needs and challenges of public services.

The five cities involved in the project will intervene in scheduled public tenders to achieve a more sustainable energy outcome through PPI.

Public authorities have started identifying the possible areas of intervention and related information has been published in the CEPPI website. Birmingham City Council announced its interest in procurements related to its waste strategy, and refrigeration units for markets; Budapest is exploring the implementation of PPI practices in tenders to retrofit the City Hall; Valencia is looking at city lighting, fountain systems and sports centres; and Wrocław is considering a focus on street lighting modernisation. Castelló is currently assessing opportunities. CEPPI cities aspire to adopt a leadership role in their regions.

Visitors to the CEPPI website can learn more about the five cities’ sustainable and innovation procurement policies and actions, and about their sustainable development projects. Within the project, the CEPPI partners will produce reports, guides and other tools of interest for public authorities implementing SPP and PPI practices, and all public documents will be available from the website. Those who want to keep updated about the CEPPI project can subscribe to its newsletter through the online form.

The CEPPI project is funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme. The project is coordinated by Birmingham City Council, in partnership with Budapest City Council, the Municipality of Castelló, InnDEAValencia, EIT+, JERA Consulting, Optimat, Steinbeis-Transferzentrum EGS, and ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability.

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The Energy Department today announced six organizations selected to receive up to $10.5 million to support the design and operation of innovative marine and hydrokinetic (MHK) systems through survivability and reliability-related improvements. As part of its MHK technology research and development efforts, the Energy Department is working to harness the largely untapped renewable energy in waves, tidal, ocean, and river currents that could provide clean, affordable energy to homes and businesses across the country’s coastal regions. The improvements supported by this funding will help these devices last longer, cost less to maintain and capture even more sustainable energy from the enormous potential of the nation’s oceans and rivers.

Projects funded under these awards will improve the survivability characteristics and reduce uncertainty regarding installation, operations, and maintenance of MHK systems operating in potentially harsh marine conditions, thus extending their lifespans and ultimately leading to a reduction in the cost of MHK-derived energy.

Three projects will increase the survivability of wave energy converters, addressing the challenges of designing MHK energy systems to operate in the ocean environment for yea

• Dehlsen Associates, LLC, of Santa Barbara, California, is developing a wave energy converter (WEC) comprised of multiple pods that use common components to achieve economies of scale. In this project, the device structure will be optimized to improve its survivability characteristics, thus significantly reducing the cost of energy derived from the WEC.

• M3 Wave LLC, of Salem, Oregon, is developing a WEC that sits on the ocean floor and harnesses energy from the pressure waves beneath ocean waves. This project will develop modeling tools to explore ways to minimize effects of sediment transport, such as water erosion, displacement, and tilting of the device, and to increase the lifetime of the system by reducing maintenance requirements in commercial-scale deployments.

• Oscilla Power, Inc., of Seattle, Washington, is developing a WEC consisting of a surface float that is tethered to a base suspended in the water. This projects aims to optimize the device’s storm-survival configurations, which will decrease the loads the device experiences during extreme conditions, thus lowering the resulting cost of energy.

The Energy Department’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory and Sandia National Laboratories will provide numerical modeling resources and expertise to the projects above.

Three additional projects will reduce uncertainty regarding marine installation, operations, and maintenance (IO&M):

• Columbia Power Technologies, Inc., of Charlottesville, Virginia, will develop and deploy a streamlined, cost-effective installation and recovery process that includes design updates and process improvements related to IO&M, while deploying the floating, offshore WEC. The team also aims to identify specific methods to reduce the cost of energy in future deployments.

• Igiugig Village Council, in southwestern Alaska, will develop a river turbine system that will demonstrate IO&M design improvements to simplify maintenance and make system components more durable during operations.

• Verdant Power, Inc., of New York, New York, will complete their TriFrame foundation, which optimizes turbine spacing and support structures to allow for cost-effective IO&M. This will provide a way to deploy three turbines together as a single system and make it possible to retrieve all three turbines with one on-water operation.

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    CityLogistics was founded in March 2015 to provide environmentally sustainable urban deliveries under the strapline “Less noise, more air… let’s go green!”. It started with two Daily “Natural Power” vans, which were soon joined by 10 Stralis models, also equipped with natural gas engine, the first of which was delivered at a Solutrans trade fair.

    This was a delivery perfectly in keeping with the slogan “Iveco. Your partner for sustainable transport”

    The CityLogistics initiative, which is unique in France, operates in Lyon and Villeurbanne, with plans to extend it to other cities. It aims to provide urban logistics services and deliveries while reducing their negative impact, including pollution, traffic congestion, parking difficulties, multidrop missions on low mileages and delivery delays.

    The principle developed by CityLogistics is based on the concentration of goods in Urban Distribution Centres (Centres de Distribution Urbains – CDU) located in the outskirts of cities; on an innovative approach to processing logistics in the CDUs for optimised deliveries; and on delivery routes ensured by green vehicles – among them Iveco CNG (compressed natural gas) vehicles.

    CityLogistics was present with a stand at this year’s Solutrans trade fair, with a view to demonstrating the quiet, clean, carbon-free solutions used to by the company to provide effective delivery solutions in Lyon city centre whilst safeguarding the environment for local residents. And at Solutrans the company took delivery of the first of ten Stralis CNG models. This was a vehicle of particular significance, as it is the 1000th commercial vehicle powered by natural gas to be delivered in France by Iveco, whose exclusive technology for sustainable mobility is particularly effective in providing high levels of environmental protection.

    The 10 Stralis Natural Power transporters (nine 19t GVW models and one 26t model) were sold by the local dealership, Iveco LVI (Lyon Véhicules Industriels) and are on lease to CityLogistics from BNP Paribas Rental Solutions. These vehicles are equipped with the Cursor 8 CNG engine produced at CNH Industrial’s engine plant in Bourbon-Lancy in France, and with the Allison automatic transmission, guaranteeing safety, comfort and productivity in urban missions. This engine, which generates 330 hp, boasts an exceptional environmental performance and can run either on natural gas or biomethane (in its renewable form), stored compressed at 200 bar. The outstanding reliability and efficiency, and the remarkably low emissions of these engines (no fine particles, NOx 50% below Euro VI limits, reduced noise) has enabled Iveco to become the undisputed leader on the European and French markets for trucks powered by natural gas.

    The latest-generation Cursor 8 CNG Euro VI engine, with no EGR, SCR or particulate filters, does not require any additives due to its particularly efficient “stoichiometric” combustion process. Its pollutant emissions are much lower than those recommended by the Euro VI Directive as of 1 January 2014, with significantly less fine particulate matter and NO2, which are responsible for respiratory diseases in urban locations. Noise emissions have also been substantially lowered and vibrations have been reduced across all operating speeds: two important advantages for drivers and residents of urban areas, particularly during nocturnal distribution missions. Indeed, with noise emissions of less than 72 dB, the Stralis CNG is PIEK certified (the European Standard for low-noise transport solutions), allowing it access to restricted traffic zones in city centres.CityLogistics_PR

    CityLogistics has also ordered a new Daily CNG from the LVI dealership in Lyons, for delivery in early 2016.

    “Natural gas” is a viable alternative to diesel and benefits from more advantageous and stable pricing, reducing total cost of ownership (TCO) by up to 10% when compared to Euro VI diesel vehicles.

    The Spanish group Endesa reached an agreement with CityLogistics for the construction and management of a new refuelling station in Lyons, which became operational at the end of November to supply natural gas and biomethane to the CityLogistics fleet of Iveco CNG trucks. 100% compatible with biomethane, a fuel extracted from waste recovery operations, Iveco CNG-engine trucks boast a neutral carbon footprint (CO2 emissions) – a significant step forward in the increasingly necessary transition to more sustainable sources of energy. All in all, these engines represent the most immediate response to the various challenges of 21st century road transport – air quality, climate protection and quiet operation – without removing any of the fundamental benefits of the trucks– namely flexibility of use and low cost of ownership.


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    The SPP Regions project has launched its website – www.sppregions.eu – to showcase the creation and the strengthening of networks of public authorities on sustainable and innovative procurement in seven European regions. The networks in Barcelona (Xarxa de Ciutats i Pobles cap a la Sostenibilitat), South West England (PIPEN), Bulgaria (Bulgarian SPPI Network), Copenhagen, Torino (APE), Metropolitan Region Rotterdam – The Hague and West France (RGO) will co-operate directly on tendering for eco-innovative solutions and build capacities on the implementation of sustainable and innovative purchasing practices. The seven regional SPP networks will publish a total of 42 eco-innovative tenders focused on energy use in public buildings, vehicles and transport, and food and catering services. The goal is to achieve 54.3 GWh/year of primary energy savings and trigger 45 GWh/year of renewable energy.

    By becoming early adopters of new eco-innovative solutions and technologies, local public bodies can bridge the gap between supply and demand of these products and services, and bring economic, social and environmental benefits to their cities. SPP and PPI can trigger employment creation, boost the establishment of SMEs, reduce water and energy consumption, decrease GHG emissions, encourage more efficient use of natural resources, and contribute to the improvement of air quality. Regional networks can help increase the capacity of public bodies for SPP and PPI, and send a stronger signal of demand for sustainability to suppliers.

    In addition, the project aims at increasing the capacities and skills on energy issues of 460 market stakeholders. In-depth research will be conducted into European good practice relating to a series of key SPP and PPI topics such as market engagement, life cycle costing, output or performance-based specifications, and circular procurement. These resources will be made available from the project website.

    Given the importance of replicating the SPP Regions initiative, the participating regions and the expert partners will identify another 10 regions that may be interested in developing their own network.

    The SPP Regions project is coordinated by ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability, in partnership with the Agenzia Regionale per la Protezione Ambientale del Piemonte (Italy), Diputació de Barcelona, Réseau Grand Ouest commande publique et dévelopement durable (France), City of Rotterdam, Città Metropolitana di Torino, Bristol City Council, Gabrovo Municipality, EcoEnergy (Bulgaria), The Danish Environmental Protection Agency, University of West of England (Bristol), The Capital Region of Denmark, and Ecoinstitut SCCL (Barcelona). The project is funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme.

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    The Chairman of Sacyr and the Sacyr Foundation, Manuel Manrique, and the Mayor of Málaga, Francisco de la Torre, have signed an agreement of collaboration for the design of a sustainable urban and administration model, based on new technologies, to consolidate Málaga as a reference and model city within the context of Smart Cities.

    The main lines of work to be undertaken within the scope of the agreement are as follows:

    • Projects to improve the management of urban cleaning and waste collection services.
    • Projects for the treatment and energy assessment of waste.
    • Projects for the preservation, maintenance and restoration of urban heritage.
    • Projects for management scorecard and the monitoring of services.
    • Projects for the sustainable construction and energy of municipal buildings.
    • Development of technological improvements for the control of urban mobility.
    • Projects for sustainable urban vehicular actions.
    • Research for the development of new treatments to improve water quality.
    • Development of new technologies to improve the urban environment.
    • Research and development of energy efficient lighting systems.

    This agreement falls within the context of the Sacyr Foundation’s commitment to promote collaboration and the sponsoring of research, development and innovation projects to provide value to those communities in which the group conducts its activities; all part of its Master Corporate Social Responsibility Plan.

    The City’s objective with this agreement is the pursuit of actions for the promotion, implementation, development and participation in activities that may contribute toward the economic, technological and social development of the city of Málaga and its environs. To this regard, it participates in innovative projects within the context of the smart city, such as the current Málaga Smart City project.

    One of the goals of this project is to make it possible to experience new city models based on the modernization of public services. Furthermore and via Promalaga, the City Council manages the Public Demonstration Center of Information Technologies and Communications for Innovation in Smart Cities, Ubiquitous Technologies and Digital Content, which it wishes to turn into a meeting point between ICT innovation and the needs of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (PYMES, in its Spanish acronym).

    Implementation of Europe 2020 targets and access to funding

    Increasing the level of investments in energy efficiency and in renewable energy is a key challenge so that cities can comply with the EU 2020 objectives to become smart cities, sustainable and integrated. Helping the managers of co-owned public and private properties improve the energy performance of modest homes forms part of the SuSoh project on sustainable social housing that proposes energy efficiency products and services for buildings, along with innovative funding schemes and European pilot projects that provide a basis for future models.

    Making progress towards a low-carbon economy that makes efficient use of its resources forms part of the EU2020 targets put forward by the European Union so that by 2020 it has turned into a smart, sustainable and integrated economy.

    EU cities play a key role in achieving these objectives as, “they represent a landmark for urban sustainability and are frequently seen as pioneers in the application of innovative solutions to environmental issues, including initiatives relating to the energy efficiency of resources and the green economy in line with Europe 2020”.

    Isabell Büschel, European Relations, ENACE
    Alfredo Paz, General Directorate, ENACE

    Article published in: FuturENERGY March 2015