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transport

Since the end of April, a biomethane production plant, fed with organic municipal solid waste fraction (OFMSW), designed and constructed by Sebigas for Maserati Energia (owned by Maserati and Sebigas), and located close to Piacenza, Italy, is officially in operation.

The plant, located on an area of 35,000 m2, has been designed to treat 50,000 t/year of OFMSW and 5,000 t/year of plant residues. The different treatment phases optimize the entire process and thus reduce the final waste output. Infact only the 7% of the received waste -plastics, metals and other inerts– is not treated.

The heart of the plant, where the wet anaerobic digestion process takes place, is composed of 5 tanks (1 pre-tank, 3 digesters and 1 final tank). The biogas produced from the anaerobic digestion process is then treated in the specific upgrading system that separates the CO2 from the methane, producing 5.100.000 Sm3 of biomethane every year to use for transportation.

Maserati Energia plant transforms the organic waste produced by about 600,000 citizens in one year, in over 180,000 methane car fill up, more than 54,000,000 km, 90,000 car travels from Rome to Milan in one year. Moreover, the plant allows a local management of the collected waste, minimizing transports and thus reducing the environmental impact of the entire process, generating a high value economics and incentivising circular economy and renewables.

The anaerobic digestion process, in addition to the biomethane, produces also compost (10,000 t/year) and clean liquid effluent (36,000 m3/year). The first is entirely used as fertilizer in agriculture, while the liquid effluent is in part destined to river discharge, and in part used within the treatment phases.

Source: Sebigas

In order to make the energy transition possible, the Red Eléctrica Group, through its subsidiary Red Eléctrica de España, will invest a total of 3,221 million euros nationwide in the development of the high voltage transmission grid and in electricity system operation. This figure represents just over half (53%) of the total investment of 6 billion euros that the Company plans to make in the coming years as part of its new 2018-2022 Strategic Plan and that will focus on the integration of renewables.

Of the more than 3,000 million euros that have been earmarked for the energy transition, 1,538 million will be focused on the integration of clean energy (47%), 908 million on bolstering the reliability of the transmission grids and strengthening security of supply, 434 million will be allocated to continue implementing cutting-edge technological and digital tools, 215 million to boost energy storage projects and 54 million will be earmarked for energy control systems.

Both as the transmission agent and system operator, we work to respond to the needs of the energy transition, providing the technology that enables a smarter system in order to further guarantee the security and quality of supply with a higher share of intermittent renewable generation, and at the same time be able to manage an electricity system that is increasingly more complex and which makes it possible to integrate a greater number of energy sources distributed nationwide.

With regard to the development and strengthening of the transmission grid, the road map for 2019 onwards encompasses a great number of projects, many of which are already in the implementation phase. Many of them are key for achieving the European Union’s targets set out in their energy and environmental policy: for example, the interconnection with France across the Bay of Biscay in order to continue making progress towards reaching the cross-border interconnection capacity target with France set at 10%, or many other projects scattered nationwide focused on integrating new renewable generation and that seek to contribute to achieving a share of 32% of carbon-free energy in the generation mix by 2030.

2018 has seen the start of many of projects aimed at facilitating the energy transition. In this regard and with this objective in mind, the total investment made by the Company in transmission grid development in the last twelve months has amounted to 378.2 million euros.

In 2018, some particularly relevant projects were undertaken:

  • The Canary Islands Wind Energy Plan. This plan encompasses the development of the transmission grid in order to provide it with sufficient connection points and capacity to evacuate new wind energy generation.
  • The Arenal – Cala Blava – Llucmajor axis (Majorca). A project aimed at improving support for electricity distribution in the central area of the island of Majorca and facilitating the integration of renewables.
  • The San Miguel de Salinas – Torrevieja line (Alicante). This project helps provide better electricity supply to Torrevieja, as well as contribute to supporting the distribution network and increasing security of supply.
  • The Cañuelo – Pinar axis (Cádiz). This project helps support the electricity distribution network in the area and helps deal with the high level of demand coming from the Port of Algeciras and the Campo de Gibraltar.
  • The 400/220 kV La Farga substation and the associated incoming and outgoing feeder lines (Girona). This project helps strengthen the existing 220-kV grid by connecting it to the 400-kV grid in order to guarantee the security of supply and to support the electricity distribution network in the province of Girona.
  • The Arbillera line (Zamora). This project is designed to provide power for the high speed ​​train in the Zamora-Ourense railway section.
  • The incoming and outgoing feeder lines of the Moncayo substation (Soria). This project facilitates the evacuation of installed renewable generation capacity in the area and strengthens the guarantee of supply in the province of Soria.

2018 has also brought with it other relevant data that reflect the efforts being made by the Company to help make the energy transition a reality and, in particular, the integration of renewables nationwide. Thus, peninsular electricity generation that produces zero CO2 emissions reached a share of 62.5%, compared to 57% in 2017, representing an increase of 5.5 percentage points. This increase in clean generation resulted in 15% less emissions: going from 63.8 million tonnes in 2017 to 54.2 million tonnes in 2018. With regard to combined cycle and coal-fired technologies, these have decreased their share in the generation mix by 22% and 18%, respectively, compared to the previous year.

Nuclear energy (20.6%) continues to be ranked in the top position within the generation mix, nonetheless, in 2018 it was followed closely by wind energy (19%). As a whole, renewable generation has gone from 33.7% to 40.1% in the peninsular system, representing an increase of 6.4 percentage points. In the complete set of renewable energy technologies, wind represented 49%, hydro 34%, solar 11%, and the other renewable technologies represented 5%. All this data is taken from the ‘Spanish Electricity System – Preliminary Report 2018’ published by Red Eléctrica.

The five pillars of the 2018-2022 Strategic Plan

Facilitating the energy transition is just the first of the pillars of the new Strategic Plan of the Red Eléctrica Group. Although the Company is especially focused on this area, in keeping with its key role as transmission agent and operator of the electricity system, there are other goals that it is also undertaking: expanding the telecommunications business to become a strategic global telecom infrastructure operator; expanding its activity abroad in the electricity and telecommunications sectors; becoming a reference in technological innovation in the fields associated with the activities it carries out, and strengthening its operational efficiency and financial soundness.

In order to achieve these goals, the Company will invest a total of 6 billion euros over the next five years based on a balanced business model between the Company’s regulated activities and those operations subject to market risk and by diversifying business in a controlled manner, thereby boosting the expansion of operations in Spain as well as in the international arena. In addition, an improved business structure will be defined and implemented within the Group and the resources of its various subsidiaries will be strengthened.

This new Strategic Plan is the Company’s response to the challenges posed by the transformation of the production system model, marked by sustainability and the technological disruption. Electricity, telecommunications and talent are considered today as the new raw materials of economic development and are also the distinguishing features of Red Eléctrica’s new strategy.

Source: Red Eléctrica de España

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    RENEWABLE ENERGIES

    IZHARIA INGENIERIA is an Engineering and Consultancy company specialising in the electricity sector. The high quality standards of the company’s products has resulted in their registration with Repro, ISO 9001 and ISO 14001. A leader in Renewable Energy, Izharia has undertaken the largest PV plant in Spain with 500 MW. It provides service to both the renewable energy sector and to the conventional power generation, transmission and electricity distribution sectors. Izharia collaborates with the leading Spanish utilities, performing engineering works for gas and electricity networks as well as for wind farms. Its offices in Spain and Panama support the company’s activities on all continents. Among others, it has undertaken projects in Australia, Jordan, Panama and Uruguay, among others.

    www.izharia.com

    Siemens and Northvolt today announced a partnership for the development of best-in-class technology to produce high-quality, green lithium-ion batteries. The partnership, which will be supported by Siemens through an investment of EUR 10 million, also includes the supply of lithium-ion batteries.

    To mitigate the effects of climate change, Europe is accelerating its transition to renewable energies. Electrification and an increased use of batteries is one of the cornerstones of this transition, enabling the large-scale conversion to sustainable transportation as well as a deep integration of renewable sources in the energy mix. With limited current and planned capacity in place, Europe is now facing a major battery deficit of within the next few years.

    “We are happy to support Northvolt in building the battery factory of the future. With our Digital Enterprise portfolio, we contribute to a competitive battery cell production in Europe that fully exploits the benefits of software and automation: greater flexibility, efficiency and quality with shorter time to market”, said Jan Mrosik, CEO of Siemens Digital Factory Division.

    “Northvolt is driving the battery production to build a battery with very low CO2 footprint. Our Digital Enterprise portfolio will support Northvolt in building a state-of-the-art battery plant. We are excited to go in as a partner in this project”, said Ulf Troedsson, President and CEO of Siemens Nordics.

    Once completed in 2020, Siemens intends to purchase batteries from the factory, making Northvolt a preferred supplier. Siemens will support the partnership through an investment of EUR 10 million.

    Siemens sees the Northvolt initiative as a reference project for the battery production of the future, which will rely on the integration and digitization of the entire value chain: from the design of the battery cell through production planning, engineering and production to services.

    The technology partnership is set up around two main areas of collaboration:

    • Cutting edge technology. Use of the Siemens’ Digital Enterprise portfolio, encompassing everything from manufacturing planning and design software to automation, including industrial communications networks and cloud solutions, will allow Northvolt to optimize its battery production and sharpen its competitive edge.
    • Supply of lithium-ion batteries. Siemens intends to purchase batteries from Northvolt once its large-scale production facility is up and running. The companies are also exploring potential areas for joint development programs.

    “The European industry is moving rapidly towards electrification. With its world-class expertise within electrification, automation and digitalization, Siemens will become an important technology partner, supplier and customer to Northvolt in this coming transition. Once we begin large-scale production, our aim is to supply the greenest lithium-ion batteries in the world”, said Peter Carlsson, Co-Founder and CEO, Northvolt.

    Island territories such as the Balearics have historically represented enormous challenges, such as less connectivity, transport costs and even the distance and geographical differences as opposed to continental cities. This has often resulted in regulations or decisions that are little suited to island reality. In the energy transition, however, the peculiarities of the island environment can become a significant asset. It is possible to undertake specific action on islands ahead of those implemented on the mainland. In fact, they can become living laboratories in which technological and regulatory advances consolidate before being deployed in other territories.

    The clearest example is e-mobility: the islands’ small size means that the ranges of today’s electric vehicles (EVs) – close to 300 km – are more than sufficient to cover most needs. For example, the longest distance that can be travelled on Majorca from one end to another is around 120 km. In the case of Formentera, it is barely 25 km.

    This particular feature of islands is one of the bases of the Law on Climate Change and Energy Transition of the Balearic Islands whose implementation has started. The islands are particularly vulnerable to climate change and can and should lead the measures to combat it. For this, the Law is setting out a road map to fully decarbonise the economy of the islands by 2050 in line with international strategies. The Paris Agreement binds the EU and its member states to combat climate change and therefore in the case of Spain, it also binds the Autonomous Communities in their corresponding spheres of competence. In addition, Spain recently signed up to a European policy statement which recognises the “potential of island territories to be the architects of their own energy transition” and committed to supporting these territories in their energy transitions. Read more…

    Joan Groizard Payeras
    Director General for Energy and Climate Change Ministry for Land, Energy and Mobility of the Balearic Islands

    Article published in: FuturENERGY April 2018

    Decarbonising transport is central to achieving Europe’s policy commitments on climate change. The transport sector is expected to deliver a 60% reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the EU by 2050. Achieving these commitments is expected to require a complete decarbonisation of the passenger car fleet. The more ambitious COP21 commitment to limit temperature rises to 1.5°C will demand a complete decarbonisation of transport by 2050.

    This study has been carried out as part of the EAFO project to look at the pathways and the impacts of a transition of the EU car fleet to ZEVs (Zero Emission Vehicles). Undertaken by the EAFO partners AVERE, TNO and VUB, the study is designed to help policymakers understand the impacts of a rapid transition to a ZEV fleet. It considers the effects of this transition on imported fossil fuels, GHG emissions, air quality and the overall competitiveness of EU industry.

    An extensive literature review failed to identify any scenarios or forecasts that provide new insights on the impacts of a complete transition to a ZEV fleet in the EU. To address this need, a range of scenarios were modelled to determine the financial, energy and CO2 emission impacts of a transition to a ZEV passenger car fleet by 2050. Read more…

    Article published in: FuturENERGY December 2017 – January 2018

    Today sees the opening of the world’s first eHighway in Sweden. The country’s Minister for Infrastructure, Anna Johansson and Minister of Energy, Ibrahim Baylan inaugurated the first eHighway system on a public road. For the next two years, a Siemens catenary system for trucks will be tested on a two-kilometer stretch of the E16 highway north of Stockholm. The trial will use two diesel hybrid vehicles manufactured by Scania and adapted, in collaboration with Siemens, to operate under the catenary system. “The Siemens eHighway is twice as efficient as conventional internal combustion engines. The Siemens innovation supplies trucks with power from an overhead contact line. This means that not only is energy consumption cut by half, but local air pollution is reduced too,” says Roland Edel, Chief Engineer at the Siemens Mobility Division.

    Transport accounts for more than one third of Sweden’s CO2 emissions, with almost half of that coming from freight transport. As part of its climate protection strategy, Sweden has committed to having a fossil fuel independent transport sector by 2030. Due to the expected growth in freight transport, road freight is set to grow even as rail capacity is increased. A solution to decarbonized road freight is therefore necessary. During the two-year trial, Sweden’s Transport Administration Trafikverket and Gävleborg County want to create a knowledge base on whether the Siemens eHighway system is suitable for future long-term commercial use and further deployment. “By far the greatest part of the goods transported in Sweden goes on the road, but only a limited part of the goods can be moved to other traffic types. That is why we must free the trucks from their dependence on fossil fuels, so that they can be of use also in the future. Electric roads offer this possibility and are an excellent complement to the transport system”, says Anders Berndtsson, chief strategist at the Swedish Transport Administration.

    The core of the system is an intelligent pantograph combined with a hybrid drive system. A sensor system enables the pantograph to connect to and disconnect from the overhead line at speeds of up to 90 km per hour. Trucks equipped with the system draw power from the overhead catenary wires as they drive, enabling them to travel efficiently and with zero local emissions. Thanks to the hybrid system, operation outside of the contact line is also possible, thus maintaining the flexibility of conventional trucks. The eHighway technology features an open configuration. As a result, battery or natural gas solutions, for example, can be implemented as an alternative to the diesel hybrid drive system used in Sweden. This allows the system to be adapted flexibly to the specific application.

    Siemens is currently developing another eHighway demonstration project in California. This project is being undertaken in collaboration with vehicle manufacturer Volvo on behalf of the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD). Tests will be conducted throughout 2017 to see how different truck configurations interact with the eHighway infrastructure in the vicinity of the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach.

     

    Source: Siemens

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    The range of Eiffage Energía’s activities outside Spain started when it began the process of internationalisation of its business lines in 2008, with the construction in Amareleja (Portugal) of the most innovative, ever growing, photovoltaic solar plant so far.

    Currently, Eiffage has subsidiaries in Mexico and Chile and its presence on the European continent is still unstoppable. Now, it has also just completed its first project in a new continent: Africais now on the map of its activities, a milestone within its electrical infrastructure works demonstrating the company’s good health.

    Thus, Eiffage Energía has successfully tackled its first job on African soil in an overseas department belonging to France and located in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar: Reunion Island: There it has carried out the expansion of the electricity transmission network of the island through a 66 kV double circuit Simplex line and approximately 44 km of extension.

    The implementation of the work entrusted to the company Électricité De France (EDF), was divided into three sections of line that will connect the substation of Saint-Paul and the factory Gol in Saint Louis . The third of these sections, which comprises the Saint-Leu terminal and the factory Gol in Saint Louis, was finally isla-reunion-2awarded to Eiffage Energie Transport et Distribution, its commissioning taking place last Saturday 28 May. Meanwhile, Eiffage Travaux Publics, another of the subsidiaries of the Eiffage Group, has been responsible for all the necessary civil works in the project.

    Eiffage Energía’s participation in the expansion of Reunion Island’s electricity network has been the assembling and hoisting with cranes of 45 supports, and by helicopter, the laying of optic fibre and conductors in a total of 12.58 km, for which it has counted on the specialised work and experience of a team of 25 people.

     

    Source: Eiffage Energia

    For more than six months, the SCHERM Group has been using a 100-percent electric Terberg YT202-EV terminal tractor with an Allison 3000 Series™ fully automatic transmission for the BMW Group’s material transports. As compared to a diesel truck, the YT202-EV saves nearly 12 tons of carbon dioxide from being released into the environment annually.

    According to Rainer Zoellner, e-truck project manager at the SCHERM Group, if the electric truck continues to prove itself through the end of its one-year pilot program, project expansion is likely. The BMW and SCHERM groups have a six-figure investment in the pilot project. Thanks to the electric drive, the vehicle generates almost no fine particle pollution and operates very quietly. In addition, the Allison-equipped truck delivers advantages as drivers negotiate Munich’s dense traffic and narrow streets. The 40-ton automatic truck shuttles between SCHERMS’s logistics center and BMW’s plant about 3 km (1.86 miles) away eight times daily during the work week.

    The YT202-EV transports components for BMW automobiles, such as shock absorbers, springs and steering systems in two shifts, from 6 a.m. to midnight. The short, repetitive duty cycles are well-suited to the electric truck. With a range of up to 100 km when the battery is fully charged, it can complete the 48 km route per day without pausing to be charged. At night, the batteries are charged for three to four hours with 100-percent green electricity at SCHERM’s own charging station.Allison-3000-Series

    Electric motor and Allison – an ideal combination

    The heart of the fully-electric YT202-EV terminal tractor is the Siemens liquid-cooled, three-phase synchronous motor (614 V) with a maximum power rating of 138 kilowatts (188 hp). According to Erik-Wim Vos, electric vehicle manager at Terberg Benschop in the Netherlands, the Allison 3000 Series fully automatic transmission is the key to this driveline. “The electric truck should launch with a gross combination weight of up to 65 tons and must achieve maximum speed as quickly as possible,” he said. “In this circumstance, the Allison fully automatic transmission with torque multiplication and full power shifts makes the difference. Moreover we use the live Power Take-Off (PTO) provision to drive the hydraulic pump, which saves an additional electric generator.”

    In other words, without an Allison transmission, a direct drive with a larger and significantly more expensive engine would have been required for the YT202-EV. The Allison 3000 Series is also the exclusive transmission solution used in conventional YT towing tractors.Terberg-Electric-Truck_1

    Electric truck spreads in Europe

    To date, twenty YT202-EV terminal tractors are in operation throughout Europe, including Denmark, Switzerland, Germany and the Netherlands, with additional vehicles due for delivery this year. Since July 2014, logistics service provider Berliner Hafen- und Lagergesellschaft mbH (BEHALA) has used a YT202-EV to transport containers from Berlin’s Westhafen (Western Harbor) to destinations across the city. However, the electric trucks in other countries are used primarily by food companies, including Migros, Ferrero and Bakker Barendrecht (Univeg).

    Erik-Wim Vos estimates future interest in the electric terminal tractor will be very high.

     

    Source: Allison Transmission

    The Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) signed on April 8 a loan agreement to establish a credit line totaling up to USD100 million (JBIC portion USD50 million) with CAF –Development Bank of Latin America, taking the opportunity of the IDB-IIC Annual Meeting held in the Bahamas. The loan is cofinanced with Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation and The Hachijuni Bank, Ltd., with JBIC providing a partial guarantee for the cofinanced portion.

    The credit line is intended to finance through CAF the necessary funds for renewable energy and energy efficiency projects in CAF’s shareholding countries in the Latin American and Caribbean region, under GREEN operations*1. This loan follows a similar loan made to CAF in March 2011*2.

    CAF, whose main shareholders are its 19 member countries*3 in the Latin American and Caribbean region, aims to achieve economic integration, as well as to promote economic development and trade finance in the region. JBIC has built up a cooperative relationship with CAF over a period of more than forty years through JBIC loans for infrastructure projects, as well as for exports of machinery and equipment to the Latin American and Caribbean region and for industrial investment and export promotion in the region.

    Major Latin American and Caribbean countries had announced climate actions they intend to take under a new international agreement ahead of the COP21, and have been taking vigorous steps to implement measures to cope with climate change. Amid these developments, CAF has been actively supporting environment-related projects with a focus on renewable energy and energy efficiency projects, and thus this credit line is expected to contribute to reducing GHG emissions in the Latin American and Caribbean region. This is also in line with an initiative announced by the Japanese government in December 2015, “Actions for Cool Earth: ACE2.0.”

    As Japan’s policy-based financial institution, JBIC will continue to support global environment conservation efforts in cooperation with regional development banks, by drawing on its various financial facilities and schemes for structuring projects and performing its risk-assuming functions.

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