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wind market

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The Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC) has launched the first edition of its Global Offshore Wind Report, which provides a comprehensive analysis of the prospects for the global offshore wind market, including forecast data, market-level analysis and a review of efforts to lower costs.

The global offshore market has grown by an average of 21% each year since 2013, reaching total installations of 23 GW. More than 4 GW of new capacity were installed each year in 2017 and 2018, making up 8% of the total new installations during both years. For the first time, China was the largest offshore market in 2018 in new installations, followed by the UK and Germany.

Based on government targets, auction results and pipeline data, GWEC expects to see 190 GW of capacity installed by 2030, but this does not represent the full potential of offshore wind. Many new countries are preparing to join the offshore wind revolution, while floating offshore wind represents a game-changing technological development that can add even more volume in the years to come.

The industry is continuing to make significant strides on cost-competitiveness, with an average LCOE of US$50/MWh within reach. This achievement increases the attractiveness of offshore wind in mature markets where several governments are discussing long-term climate targets that, if they are to be achieved, must seriously consider the contribution large-scale offshore wind can make. New offshore markets represent significant potential and if industry and governments can work together, as we have seen recently in the case of Taiwan, we can build the necessary policy frameworks at greater speed to ensure growth can be achieved sooner than later.

The report, GWEC Market Intelligence, provides a market outlook representing a “business-as-usual” (BAU) scenario which does not incorporate more technical development or further opportunities for offshore wind, and an upside scenario which captures the additional potential.

The BAU scenario expects double-digit growth for the global offshore market based on current policies and expected auctions and tenders. This scenario makes annual installations of 15 to 20 GW after 2025 realistic based on growth in China and other Asian markets, amounting to 165 GW of new installed capacity globally between now and 2030. This would bring the total installed capacity to nearly 190 GW.

The upside scenario captures additional potential such as the advancement of floating technology, increased cost competitiveness and therefore greater volume in mature markets, as well as the opening of new offshore markets. Based on this scenario, a more positive outlook of over 200 GW installed capacity between now and 2030 is possible, totalling approximately 220 GW installed capacity.

  • Europe: Short-term, the European offshore market will remain flat with few projects reaching installation and COD during 2020, however, the cost competitiveness of European offshore will remain a key driver for volume. The Sector Deal in the UK provides a stable outlook, while volumes for Germany have still not increased despite government’s awareness. Total installed capacity for the region under the BAU scenario is expected to be 78 GW by 2030.
  • Asia: The Asian offshore market including China is expected to become the largest offshore region globally with key growth markets including Taiwan, Vietnam, Japan, India and South Korea. Total installed capacity for the region under the BAU scenario is 100 GW by 2030.
  • US: The first installation of large-scale projects, expected between 2021 and 2023, brings total installations to 2 GW by 2025. There is potential for 10 GW total installations towards 2030 with an increasing experience and maturing of the local supply chain.

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Special report focusing on the wind power market, published as a separate issue to the February 2019 edition of FuturENERGY for special distribution at: Mexico WindPower, an event to be celebrated from 20 to 21 March in Mexico City, AEMER’s Seminar “The new challenges of renewable maintenance”, to be held in Madrid on 21 March, Hannover Messe that will be celebrated in Hannover from 1 to 5 April, Wind Europe Conference & Exhibition (Bilbao, 2-4 April) and CIREC Week to be celebrated in Santiago de Chile from 2 to 4 April; where FuturENERGY has an active presence as media partner.

This special report includes the following:

COVER STORY
Vestas introduces EnVentus, an innovative modular platform, with two new wind turbine variants

WOMEN & ENERGY
Reflections on the sustainable and clean energy evolution
By: María Isabel López Ferrer. CEO and Founder of IZHARIA

RENEWABLES
Two projects to reduce costs and harness the potential of offshore renewable energy

WIND POWER
51.3 GW of global wind capacity installed in 2018
Claims management for renewable energy plants
Early error detection in wind farms by analysing scada systems information
Standing up to the wind
Taking asset management decisions thanks to wind farm performance analysis
The ALEX17 experiment: characterising wind flow in complex terrain

Read more…

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE REPORT

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The latest data released by the Global Wind Energy Council shows that the wind energy industry installed 51.3 GW of new capacity in 2018. Since 2014, the global wind market’s growth has been stable, installing above 50 GW of new capacity each year.

Despite a 3.9% decrease in the global onshore market in annual terms, there was promise shown by growth in developing regions such as Latin America, South-East Asia and Africa which were responsible for 10% of new onshore installations in 2018 (4.8 GW).

New installations of 4.49 GW in 2018 led the global offshore market to grow by 0.5%, reaching a total installed capacity of 23 GW. For the first time, China installed more offshore capacity than any other market (1.8 GW), followed by the United Kingdom (1.3 GW) and Germany (0.9 GW). GWEC forecasts that offshore wind will become an increasingly global market. If governments remain committed, and projects and investments continue, annual installations in Asia could reach 5 GW or more each year. In the US, GWEC expects the developing offshore wind market to reach 1 GW by 2022 – 2023.

GWEC forecasts that new installations will reach 55 GW or more each year until 2023. Stable volume will come from mature regions in Europe and the US, whilst significant growth is forecast to be driven by developing markets in South East Asia and the global offshore market.

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Total installed wind capacity reached 591 GW at the end of 2018, a growth of 9.6% compared to the end of 2017. Total installed onshore wind grew by 9%, whilst total offshore wind grew by 20%, reaching 23 GW.

Since 2014, the global wind industry has added more than 50GW of new capacity each year and we expect 55 GW or more to be added each year until 2023. In particular, the offshore market will grow on a global scale and will reach up to 7 to 8GW of new capacity during 2022 and 2023.

Top onshore markets in 2018:
China – 21,200 MW
USA – 7,588 MW
Germany – 2,402 MW
India – 2,191 MW
Brazil – 1,939 MW
France – 1,563 MW
Mexico – 929 MW
Sweden – 717 MW
UK – 589 MW
Canada – 566 MW

Top offshore markets in 2018:
China – 1,800 MW
United Kingdom – 1,312 MW
Germany – 969 MW
Belgium – 309 MW
Denmark – 61 MW

Source: GWEC

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Airbus Helicopters views the support for offshore wind farms as a business segment that is undergoing global growth and expects demand for up to a thousand helicopters over the coming two decades, corresponding to revenues of approximately €9 billion.

Helicopters are an integral part of any logistics concept for offshore wind farms. Airbus’ helicopters can complete missions for wind farms in a particularly quick, economical, safe and environmentally friendly manner. Helicopters can be used to deploy technicians or medical personnel in emergencies, even in rough seas, and can also transport operating personnel between the shore and the wind farm. Helicopter transport means that personnel avoid problems with seasickness caused by travelling by sea in rough weather conditions. The probability of mistakes being made by seasick technicians is considerably higher than in the case of healthy technicians; in severe cases, the error rate climbs dramatically.

With turbine output rising, leading to a higher rate of electricity production, wind farm operators rely on an efficient, rapid-response logistics system, relying on high availability, to keep losses to a minimum should a malfunction occur. At the same time, wind farms are being built further and further from the shore. A helicopter can cover 40 nautical miles (approximately 74 km) in 20 minutes, meaning it can reach the site and return to shore faster than a transport vessel.

Airbus Helicopters has developed a logistics calculator for wind farm operators, which takes into account all relevant factors – weather, location and the number of turbines in the wind farm – to determine the most economical and environmentally friendly logistics solution which includes options on the mix of transport and special-purpose vessels.

Companies do not usually purchase the means of transport themselves, but lease the services from operators. Airbus Helicopters offers the H135, H145 and H175 rotorcraft for crew transport, maintenance and rescue missions. In future, the H160 is also expected to be available to this market. With their two engines and four-axis autopilot, these Airbus helicopters have the ability to hover in the air and safely and precisely winch down personnel or goods to exactly where they are needed.

Airbus Helicopters will present its supply, maintenance and crew transport solutions at the WindEnergy expo, which will be held in Hamburg from 25 to 28 September.

Source: Airbus Helicopters

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Special report focusing on the wind power market, published as a separate issue to the June 2018 edition of FuturENERGY for special distribution at IV Congreso Eólico Español, an event that ran from 27 to 28 June and at which FuturENERGY has an active presence as media partner.

This special report includes the following:

COVER STORY
Vestas consolidates its leadership in Latin America, strengthening its presence in Argentina and Mexico

WOMEN & ENERGY
Wind energy, a key sector for decarbonising the power sector. Rocío Sicre, Chair of AEE

WIND POWER
A new wind turbine for strong-wind sites
Offshore wind installation. Analysing the evidence behind improvements in installation time
Renewable plant contracts and construction in auction environments
From Big Data to Smart Data
The craneless approach to reducing the cost of major correctives on increasingly bigger turbines
CompactSCADA® Virtual Operator: spectacular reduction in wind turbine downtime
Sensors to prolong wind farm service life
Testing to avoid mechanical failures in wind turbines caused by vibrations

Read more…

With the establishment of an assembly factory and a record-high order intake of close to 600 MW in Argentina last year, Vestas is already playing a key role in helping the country’s ambitious targets for a more sustainable energy mix. Further underlining this leading position in Argentina’s growing wind energy market, Vestas has received a 106 MW order for two wind parks located nearby Bahia Blanca city in the Province of Buenos Aires.

The order is placed by Pampa Energía S.A. and includes supply and installation of 28 V136-3.45 MW turbines delivered in 3.8 MW Power Optimised Mode for Pampa and De La Bahía wind park that both have a total capacity of 53 MW. The order includes a 20-year Active Output Management (AOM 5000) service agreement.

Last year, Vestas signed contracts for almost 600 MW in Argentina and with this new order, we have close to 1 GW of wind capacity either installed or under construction in the country. Our strong order intake and the recent announcement of our assembly facility in Argentina emphasise our commitment and support to the country’s ambitious renewable energy targets”, says Andrés Gismondi, Sales Director of Vestas Argentina.

Turbine delivery is planned for the last quarter of 2018, whilst commissioning is expected for the first quarter of 2019.

Vestas and Pampa Energía S.A. have previously developed the 100 MW Corti wind park in the same region. The project is already constructed and will be inaugurated next Tuesday, 22 May.

Source: Vestas

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Siemens Gamesa Renewable Energy (SGRE) continues to grow in China – the world’s biggest wind market – having signed two new agreements for the supply of 96 MW: 48 MW to the Chinese utility Datang and other 48 MW to the Chinese General Nuclear Power Group (CGN).

Under the terms of the contract signed with Datang, Siemens Gamesa will supply and commission 24 of its G114-2.0 MW turbines at the Yangshugou wind farm located in the province of Liaoning, in north-eastern China.

Elsewhere, the agreement reached with CGN encompasses the installation of 24 of the firm’s G972.0 MW turbines at the Wohushan wind farm located in the province of Shandong, in eastern China.

The turbines for both projects will be delivered in 2018.

Siemens Gamesa has enjoyed a close relationship with both customers for several years: to date, it has supplied 612 MW to CGN and 295 MW to Datang. Siemens Gamesa’s Chinese presence dates back 30 years, during which time it has established itself as one of the leading players in the wind power industry. Indeed, the company has installed over 4,600 MW in China.

LM Wind Power announced today the signing of an agreement to develop a 71.8 meter blade for Chinese offshore leader Envision. The deal is followed by a supply agreement from LM Wind Power’s Jiangyin factory in Jiangsu, China that will require the company to expand the manufacturing facility by 50%.

The new 71.8 meter blade will equip Envision’s new 4.5 MW platform and is expected to be installed in H1 2018. The new large-rotor turbine is designed to effectively serve the Wind Class II and III areas in north China offshore.

Dick Xie, Envision Offshore Business Head, said: “Envision has a strong ambition to continue to lead the development of the Chinese offshore wind market and we are pleased to engage in this strategic partnership with LM Wind Power. Our collaboration will ensure high-performing, reliable blades on this new and powerful platform that will contribute to reducing the Levelized Cost of Energy offshore.

LM Wind Power Vice President Offshore, Alexis Crama, added: “The Chinese offshore wind market is expected to grow on average by 40% annually for the next five years. LM Wind Power has been part of this journey since the very beginning and we are investing significantly in new product development and technologies for the Chinese market, including manufacturing capacity and people. Together with industry leaders like Envision, we look forward to further accelerating the development of a domestic offshore industry, helping China meet its growing demands for clean, renewable and affordable energy.

The partnership between LM Wind Power and Envision in China goes all the way back to the inception of the Jiangyin plant in 2009. Since then LM Wind Power has delivered both onshore and offshore blades for Envision turbines, and is currently on track to meet a milestone of 100 sets of 66.5 meter offshore blades produced.

LM Wind Power has been present in China since 2001 and currently employs around 2,500 people in the country. The company operates four blade manufacturing facilities in Tianjin, Qinhuangdao, Jiangyin and is ramping up production in Baodi.

Source: LM Wind Power

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Last week, Vestas released the latest iteration of their wind turbine product portfolio, with a new 4 MW product platform accompanied by a 150 m rotor diameter. As the wind energy market continues to mature and become more competitive, original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) are forced to continually innovate new wind turbine products to remain differentiated to their competition.

Technical innovation in the wind energy market continues to advance at a rapid pace. Competition in global markets is fierce, and OEMs are pushed to continually innovate new wind turbine products to differentiate. MAKE Consulting has published a research note on this topic, entitled Next Generation Wind Turbine Models, including 35 pages of analysis and over 50 charts detailing expected new product and technology developments for seven leading turbine OEMs and Aaron BarrSenior Technology Advisor at MAKE Consulting, reviews this new trend.

 

Wind turbine life cycles are expected to shorten, as new products will displace wind turbines released only a few years ago. Furthermore, as new larger rotors are introduced in the onshore market, many existing products will be migrated in wind class suitability. This product migration to higher wind classes will further reinforce the competitive cycle for new product innovation.

The penetration of 3 MW platforms has increased steadily, and now represents over 23% of global installs, up from 8% just 5 years ago.3 MW turbines were installed in more than 38 global onshore markets in 2016, indicating that even emerging markets are quickly transitioning to the latest generation of larger wind turbines. The 3 MW product platforms benefit from economies of scale relative to Balance of Plant (BOP), Operations and Maintenance (O&M) and logistics costs. As these platforms secure more volume, the economies of scale are also extending to the supply chain and resulting in more competitive turbine costs.

The trend to larger turbines will manifest in the next generation of 4 MW platforms for the onshore market. The rotor diameters of these next generation onshore products will exceed 150 m. Significant logistics challenges loom for blades longer than 70 m. Many OEMs will respond by innovating modular blades and advanced logistics solutions to circumvent shipping limitations.

In the offshore market, leading OEMs are expected to accelerate wind turbine growth even faster than the onshore segment. The next generation of 10-12MW wind turbines are expected within the next years, as R&D is in full swing within the leading offshore wind turbine manufacturers. The massive 12 MW wind turbines with rotors in excess of 200 m are being planned for the offshore market, as wind turbine size remains the single most important factor to differentiate in the offshore segment.

MAKE anticipates that this trend will continue, and we will see many more new product announcements over the coming months and years.

Source: MAKE Consulting

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Special report focusing on the wind power market, published as a separate issue to the June 2017 edition of FuturENERGY for special distribution at III Congreso Eólico Español, an event that ran from 20 to 21 June and at which FuturENERGY has an active presence as media partner.

 

This special report includes the following:

COVER STORY
SCHAEFFLER. New optimised product designs for rotor bearing supports in wind turbines

WIND POWER. O&M
A 12-year old wind farm can earn an additional €8,000-€20,000 per year through a simple SCADA retrofit

WIND POWER. PROJECTS
First hybrid wind power storage plant in Spain using batteries

WIND POWER. WIND FARM REPOWERING
How to maximise the economic return of used equipment in repowering wind farms

OFFSHORE WIND POWER. MARKET
Floating offshore wind comes of age with break-through projects pipeline

WIND POWER. R&D
The TowerPower Project: towards reducing O&M costs in offshore wind power
The POSEIDOM Project: reducing risks and costs in offshore wind farm O&M
Storing surplus wind power in natural stones and converting heat into electricity

Read more…

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