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wind power

WindEurope, Cefic (the European Chemical Industry Council) and EUCIA (the European Composites Industry Association) have created a cross-sector platform to advance novel approaches to the recycling of wind turbine blades.

In 2018 wind energy supplied 14% of the electricity in the EU with 130,000 wind turbines and this number will only grow in the coming decades. Wind turbines blades are made up of a composite material, which boosts the performance of wind energy by allowing lighter and longer blades.

In the next five years 12,000 wind turbines are expected to be decommissioned. Broadening the range of recycling options is critical for the industry’s development.

Wind energy is an increasingly important part of Europe’s energy mix. The first generation of wind turbines are now starting to come to the end of their operational life and be replaced by modern turbines. Recycling the old blades is a top priority, and teaming up with the chemical and composites industries will enable to do it the most effective way.

The chemical industry plays a decisive role in the transition to a circular economy by investing in the research and development of new materials, which make wind turbine blades more reliable, affordable and recyclable.

Learnings from wind turbine recycling will then be transferred to other markets to enhance the overall sustainability of composites.

ABB’s Power Grids business has been awarded an order from the Aibel/Keppel FELS consortium, which will design, construct, and build the High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) transmission system for the offshore wind connection project DolWin5. ABB is the HVDC technology provider. This project will deliver 900 megawatts of zero-carbon electricity – enough to power around 1 million homes – from three wind farms some 100 km off the German coast. It is scheduled for completion in 2024.

The order includes the converter platform in the North Sea, as well as an on-shore converter station located in Emden, in the Lower Saxony region of Ger-many. TenneT, a leading European electricity transmission system operator, with activities in the Netherlands and in Germany, is responsible for providing power links to the offshore wind farms in this cluster.

ABB’s HVDC solution is used to transport the power generated by offshore wind farms very efficiently by converting the alternate current (AC) to direct current (DC) on the converter platform. That makes it possible to transmit the power through a 130-kilometer-long DC cable system with very low losses to the mainland. In the onshore converter station, the power is converted back to AC and then integrated into the transmission grid. ABB HVDC’s offshore wind connection solutions are compact and modular to specifically address the challenges of the offshore wind industry and support a substantial improvement in LCOE (Levelized Cost Of Electricity), as well as carbon foot-print.

With the use of ABB’s voltage source converter technology, commercialized under the name HVDC Light®, it is possible to keep the conversion losses very low. Additionally, the order will also include the ABB Ability™ Modular Advanced Control for HVDC (MACHTM), which is instrumental in controlling the complex connection between wind farms and the on-shore AC grid.

As part of its energy transition (“Energiewende”), Germany’s plans to generate 65 percent of its power from renewable sources by 2030. A rapidly growing pro-portion of this clean energy is generated in huge offshore wind farms in the North Sea. In just 10 years, Germany’s offshore wind production has grown from zero to 6,382 MW, making it the world’s second largest offshore wind pro-ducer after the UK.

Source: ABB

European electricity markets

Since April 1, prices in Europe have had certain stability. The rise in the CO2 emission price was offset by lower gas and coal prices and also by the slight decrease in electricity demand due to the better weather conditions in spring, with somewhat higher temperatures and more hours of sunshine in this 40-day period. The price fluctuations in this period are mainly due to variations in wind energy production, especially in Germany and Spain, which are the European leaders generating energy with this technology. In the case of Germany, prices could have been stable at 40 €/MWh but when there was a lot of wind they fell below this value, even reaching negative values on April 22 at 14 €/MWh. In the Spanish electricity market, fluctuations in wind energy production caused prices in the band between 40 €/MWh and 60 €/MWh. Also in this period of 40 days there were fluctuations in temperature and in solar energy production.


Electricity futures

The prices of European electricity futures for the third quarter of 2019 increased in most markets between 0.3% and 1.6% on Friday, May 10, compared to Friday of previous week. In the case of the OMIP market of Spain and Portugal, as well as the MTE market operated by GME, they remain unchanged, while the UK futures decreased in both the ICE and EEX markets.
In the case of futures for 2020, the increase was more widespread between 0.5% and 1.4%. Only the MTE market operated by GME remained unchanged and the UK’s ICE and EEX markets declined, as did the future for the third quarter of this year.

Wind and solar energy production

In the second week of May, the wind energy production had an increase in the main European markets except in Germany with a drop of 3.3%. The increase in France was 58%, in Portugal 99%, in Spain 36%, and in Italy 37%.
For the current week, the third of May, a decline in wind energy production is forecasted after the rise of the previous week. The most pronounced fall is expected in Italy and Portugal, somewhat less in Spain and France, and even a slight increase in Germany.

As for solar energy production, which includes photovoltaic and solar thermal technologies, during the second week of May fell by 4.3% in Germany, while in Spain the fall reached 20% with respect to the previous week. For its part, in Italy the previous week registered an increase of 5.3% in the solar energy production.
For the current week it is expected a decrease in solar energy production in Italy of about 20%, while in Germany and Spain the trend is expected to be bullish between 15% and 20%.

 

Source: AleaSoft

Iberdrola has begun construction on the El Pradillo wind complex in Zaragoza, with an installed capacity of 23 MW. The project, developed in conjunction with Caja Rural de Navarra, represents an investment of 26 million euros and is expected to enter into service at the end of this year.
Located between the municipalities of Frescano, Borja and Agón in Zaragoza province, the wind farm comprises six 3.4-MW Siemens Gamesa G132 wind turbines and one 2.1-MW SG114 turbine.

 

The production generated by El Pradillo will provide clean energy to the equivalent of 10,500 homes/year and prevent the emission of 17,300 TCO2/year.

More investment to lead the energy transition in Spain

With El Pradillo, Iberdrola is strengthening its commitment to renewables in Aragon, where it operates more than 320 MW of wind and hydroelectric electricity production.

Their commitment is to lead the transition toward a fully decarbonised economy by promoting renewable energies and accelerating investment in Spain, where it intends to spend 8.000 M€ between 2018 and 2022.

Iberdrola is currently building new renewable projects (solar and wind) with a capacity of 700 MW and it has 2,500 MW under development and a portfolio in excess of 7,000 MW.

Source: Iberdrola

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As the cheapest source of electricity in several parts of the world, wind energy has taken a key role in the global energy transition, unlocking growth opportunities in new markets and customer segments for Vestas. To grasp these opportunities, Vestas is executing our strategy to invest in technology and commercial capabilities beyond wind energy technology, enabling us to develop sustainable energy solutions that meet current and future customer demand.

To support Vestas’ strategy and increase our capability to partner with our customers in project development in selective markets, Vestas today announces the acquisition of a 25.1 percent minority stake in SOWITEC with an option to acquire the entire company within three years. Headquartered in Germany, SOWITEC is a leading sustainable energy developer with around 60 wind and solar projects totalling more than 2,600 MW across the globe. By investing in SOWITEC, Vestas enhances our ability to offer full-scope sustainable energy solutions by tapping into SOWITEC’s proven offering within development services.

Juan Araluce, Vestas’ Chief Sales Officer, says “With the acquisition of a minority stake in Sowitec, Vestas gains access to an independent development entity that strengthens our co-development portfolio and improves our solutions and capabilities in strategic markets in Latin America. Vestas is continuing to invest in solutions and capabilities that increase our ability to meet our customers’ evolving needs and to partner with them through the energy transition”.

Frank Hummel, SOWITEC Chief Executive Officer, says “We are proud to have Vestas as a strategic partner that further strengthens our equity and helps us to go further in the value chain. Together with our strong track record in emerging markets and our vast experience in developing utility-scale renewable energy projects, this partnership will help SOWITEC grow faster and give us the chance to profit from Vestas’ worldwide experience and presence”.

Based on SOWITEC’s proven track record within solar PV project development, the acquisition also strengthens Vestas’ offering within hybrid power plant solutions. With sustainable energy’s share of the energy mix set to grow from around 10 percent today to more than 30 percent by 2035, hybrids are a key part of Vestas’ objective to develop sustainable energy solutions with wind at their core. As such, hybrids are emerging as a grid-friendly and cost-effective solution that can store and release renewable energy into the grid when needed, and hereby increase the penetration of onshore wind.

On a stand-alone basis, SOWITEC is expected to report 2018 consolidated revenues of approximately EUR 30 million. The acquisition, which is subject to regulatory approval, is expected to be finalised during the second quarter of 2019 and will have no significant impact on Vestas earnings.

Source: Vestas

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Modelización de un aerogenerador virtual de 10 MW (proyecto AVATAR) usando un acoplamiento de AdaptFoil3D y OpenFAST (NREL)Modelling of a virtual 10MW wind turbine (AVATAR project) using a coupling of AdaptFoil3D and OpenFAST (NREL)

The Wind Energy area of CENER (National Renewable Energy Centre of Spain) will have a very active presence in the next edition of WindEurope 2019, both at the congress and at the exhibition, to be held this week in Bilbao between 2nd and 4th of April. This is one of the most important annual events in the sector, since it is expected that there will be around 8,000 visitors and that more than 300 exhibitors will participate

CENER at the Conference

Specifically, CENER researchers will present two papers and 4 posters at the conference and will coordinate a workshop. The workshop, which will be held today Tuesday, April 2nd, will deal with the European NEWA project (ERA-Net Plus NEWA number 618122), will be coordinated by Javier Sanz (project coordinator in Spain) and Roberto Chavez will also participate.

The two papers will be presented on Wednesday, April 3rd: Roberto Chavez will talk about a new method of coupling mesoscale and microscale models for the evaluation of wind resource, and Álvaro González will talk about digital copies of wind turbines for the management of his useful life.

In addition and as usual in this type of congresses, posters will be shown with explanations by responsible researchers. In the case of CENER, are 4 in total. Today, Tuesday, April 2nd, José Azcona will comment “Scaled wave tank hybrid testing of the TELWIND Floating platform for a 5 MW wind turbine”. On Wednesday Beatriz Méndez will also intervene with the “New low-drag vortex generators concept”.and Álvaro González will present “Development of a panel code and integration into OpenFAST” and also the poster “Digital twin of a real wind turbine: development and validation”.

CENER´s STAND

In parallel to the congress the exhibition is celebrated, in which CENER participates with a stand (F1-52), where some of its main proposals will be shown around four main areas: wind resource assessment, aerodynamics, structural design, and management of wind farms, including their life extension. Every day of the event, oral presentations will take place at the stand.

In the area of ​​wind resource assessment, CENER has designed a tool that uses Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) technology together with the computational cloud, and the latest results of the European NEWA project (ERA-Net Plus NEWA number 618122), whose main objective is the realization of a wind atlas in Europe that will include the state of the art in the modeling of the wind resource, as well as the generation of an experimental database created from intensive measurement campaigns. CENER is the project coordinator in Spain.

In addition, the proposed innovations in aerodynamic design and the improvement of the efficiency of wind turbine blades will also be presented at the stand. Regarding structural improvements, CENER proposes an innovative solution for the modular union of the blades, as well as new testing methods for offshore wind platforms. The management of wind farms and their extension of useful life is another main issue that will lead CENER to Bilbao, proposing different strategies for different types of turbines within the same wind farm, thus optimizing the assets.

As expected, the Wind Turbine Test Laboratory will also have a special role at the stand of CENER in Wind Europe 2019, which will be located in Hall 1, F1-52.

Source: CENER

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The Ingeteam Group, world supplier in the wind industry, is to showcase its technology at the WindEurope 2019 Conference & Exhibition. This is the most important event in the European wind power sector, attracting more than 7,000 professionals and 300 exhibitors from 50 countries. The conference will serve to discuss the opportunities and challenges faced by the wind industry, as well as its role in the new energy model.

As a major global supplier to the sector, Ingeteam will be present at the summit and will be exhibiting its technology. The Group has production plants in Spain, the United States, Brazil, Mexico and India, allowing it to operate throughout the world. As part of its ongoing expansion strategy, in 2018 the company opened a new production plant in Chennai, India, and two new subsidiaries in Morocco and Peru.
Well-established as a leading ISP (Independent Service Provider), with maintained wind power of more than 8.6 GW, + 12 GW of total renewable power, Ingeteam Power Technology offers a wide range of wind turbine solutions as well as O&M services. The very latest version of Ingeboards, the company’s pioneering lifetime extension tool, is to be showcased at WindEurope.

Likewise, the company is the world’s #1 independent provider of wind power converters, boasting an installed capacity of 45 GW and an 8% market share. Ingeteam Power Technology offers low and medium voltage converters up to 15 MW, optimized for DFIG and Full Converter topologies. The converters are specifically designed to comply with the strictest grid codes. Air or air-water cooled solutions can be supplied for hostile environments.

Indar, an Ingeteam company, is the centre of excellence for wind generators. This technology company boasts a track record of 22 years in the wind power sector, providing innovative solutions for high performance and maximum efficiency. Indar has a highly qualified team of staff in Spain and in the USA, with a global installed power of 29 GW. The company is working jointly with the leading OEMs in the sector to create wind generator platforms (IG, PMG and DFIG topologies).

Source: Ingeteam Group

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Wind energy provided 14% of the EU’s electricity last year, up from 12% in 2017, according to statistics released today by WindEurope. Wind power capacity rose in Europe by 11.3 GW in 2018: 8.6 GW onshore and 2.65 GW offshore.

Continued growth in capacity and the use of more powerful turbines are helping to drive up wind’s share in the electricity mix. Denmark had the highest share of wind in its electricity last year (41%) followed by Ireland (28%) and Portugal (24%). Wind was 21% of Germany’s electricity.

Wind accounted for 49% of all the new power generation capacity in Europe in 2018. But the amount of new wind capacity was down a third on 2017 (a record year). Wind energy won 9 GW of new capacity in auctions last year, compared to 13 GW in 2017. Capacity additions in Germany were down by over half after poorly designed auctions (now sorted) and problems with permitting (ongoing). And the number of new onshore wind farms dried up in the UK. Europe now has 189 GW of wind power capacity: 171 GW onshore and 18 GW offshore.

2018 was a record year for new wind capacity financed. 17 GW of future projects reached Final Investment Decision (FID): 13 GW onshore and 4.2 GW offshore. This is 45% more than in 2017 but only 20% more in euros invested, showing that costs continue to fall and you get more bang for your buck.

WindEurope CEO Giles Dickson said: “Wind energy now provides 14% of the EU’s electricity, up from 12% in one year. More and more people and businesses are benefitting from the clean and affordable power that wind delivers. But beneath the surface many things are not right. Last year was the worst year for new wind energy installations since 2011. Growth in onshore wind fell by over half in Germany and collapsed in the UK. And 12 EU countries didn’t install a single wind turbine last year.

Investments in future capacity were quite good last year thanks to the UK, Spain, Sweden – and thanks also to the further expansion of offshore wind. But the outlook for new investments is uncertain. There are structural problems in permitting, especially in Germany and France. And with the noble exception of Lithuania and despite improvements in Poland, there’s a lack of ambition in Central and Eastern Europe.

The 2030 National Energy & Climate Plans are a chance to put things right. But the draft Plans are badly lacking in detail: on policy measures, auction volumes, how to ease permitting and remove other barriers to wind investments, and how to expand the grid. Governments need to sort this out before they finalise the Plans this year.

Source: WindEurope

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The latest data released by the Global Wind Energy Council shows that the wind energy industry installed 51.3 GW of new capacity in 2018. Since 2014, the global wind market’s growth has been stable, installing above 50 GW of new capacity each year.

Despite a 3.9% decrease in the global onshore market in annual terms, there was promise shown by growth in developing regions such as Latin America, South-East Asia and Africa which were responsible for 10% of new onshore installations in 2018 (4.8 GW).

New installations of 4.49 GW in 2018 led the global offshore market to grow by 0.5%, reaching a total installed capacity of 23 GW. For the first time, China installed more offshore capacity than any other market (1.8 GW), followed by the United Kingdom (1.3 GW) and Germany (0.9 GW). GWEC forecasts that offshore wind will become an increasingly global market. If governments remain committed, and projects and investments continue, annual installations in Asia could reach 5 GW or more each year. In the US, GWEC expects the developing offshore wind market to reach 1 GW by 2022 – 2023.

GWEC forecasts that new installations will reach 55 GW or more each year until 2023. Stable volume will come from mature regions in Europe and the US, whilst significant growth is forecast to be driven by developing markets in South East Asia and the global offshore market.

grafica

Total installed wind capacity reached 591 GW at the end of 2018, a growth of 9.6% compared to the end of 2017. Total installed onshore wind grew by 9%, whilst total offshore wind grew by 20%, reaching 23 GW.

Since 2014, the global wind industry has added more than 50GW of new capacity each year and we expect 55 GW or more to be added each year until 2023. In particular, the offshore market will grow on a global scale and will reach up to 7 to 8GW of new capacity during 2022 and 2023.

Top onshore markets in 2018:
China – 21,200 MW
USA – 7,588 MW
Germany – 2,402 MW
India – 2,191 MW
Brazil – 1,939 MW
France – 1,563 MW
Mexico – 929 MW
Sweden – 717 MW
UK – 589 MW
Canada – 566 MW

Top offshore markets in 2018:
China – 1,800 MW
United Kingdom – 1,312 MW
Germany – 969 MW
Belgium – 309 MW
Denmark – 61 MW

Source: GWEC

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By the end of 2017, offshore wind had only been deployed commercially across seven markets, with UK and Germany accounting for 68 percent of the grid-connected capacity. However, according to a recent report from Wood Mackenzie Power and Renewables, global offshore wind power demand will increase almost sixfold over the coming 10 years with projects deployed commercially across 18 countries by 2027.

As the pool of offshore markets is expanding beyond a handful markets in Europe, local content policies in different forms are becoming an increasingly important topic for developers and suppliers as governments look to bolster their local industry and create more job opportunities for local labour forces. While the influence of local content policies has been limited thus far, these policies will impact 72 percent of future demand.

Innovations will help offset reductions in subsidies

The deployment of next-generation turbines will double average turbine ratings globally over the next 10 years and in turn subdue growing demand in the balance of plant segments in terms of number of units and material per MW – most notably in the foundation space, where the average monopile weight per MW will decrease by 36% by 2023 in Europe.

Similarly, the average installation time per MW for turbine and foundation campaigns has been halved in Europe since 2010 and is set to continue. The transmission space is also undergoing holistic innovations where capacities are being increased and materials reduced.

Consolidation and globalization characterize the offshore supply chain

The proliferation of demand in new markets globalizes the European supply chain and motivates the entry of new suppliers. This is particularly true when supported by local content policies as the pressures in Europe lead to consolidation across the European supply chain – especially in the installation segments. Furthermore, the report points out that the high growth rates in offshore wind makes it increasingly attractive for oil and gas companies looking to leverage their offshore experience.

Average LCOE in Europe will halve between 2018 and 2027

Average CAPEX for European offshore projects is dropping quickly, mainly driven by the increased competition in wind farm development, increasing turbine size, and economies of scale. CAPEX and OPEX across Europe will drop, on average, by 36 percent and 55 percent respectively by 2027.

Offshore LCOE across Europe is also projected to go down at a fast pace with the average LCOE across Europe for grid-connected projects expected to reach 53.6 €/MWh by 2027, dropping from approximately 107 €/MWh in 2018.

Source: Wood Mackenzie Power and Renewables

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