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The Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC) has published the 15th edition of the Global Wind Report, the wind industry’s flagship publication which provides a comprehensive, global view of the sector through the latest market data, country profiles, trends and analysis. According to the report, 2019 was the second biggest year for wind power historically, with installations of 60.4 GW of new capacity worldwide and year-on-year growth of 19 per cent.

The main driver of this growth was market-based mechanisms, with auctioned wind capacity in 2019 surpassing 40 GW worldwide, accounting for two-thirds of total new capacity and doubling auctioned capacity compared to 2018.

The majority of wind energy installations in 2019 were located in established markets, with the top 5 markets (China, US, UK, India and Spain) accounting for 70 per cent of new capacity. In terms of cumulative installations, China, US, Germany, India and Spain remain the top markets, collectively making up 73 per cent of the total 651 GW of wind power capacity across the world.

The Asia Pacific region was the global leader for new onshore wind installations in 2019, installing 28.1GW of new capacity, more than half of the total new global capacity. Despite a slump in Germany’s wind market, Europe still saw a 30 per cent year-on-year growth for its onshore wind market, driven by strong growth in Spain, Sweden and Greece. Emerging markets for wind in Africa, the Middle East, Latin America and South East Asia also showed moderate growth in 2019, with combined installations of 4.5 GW.

Looking to offshore wind, 2019 was a record year for the sector with an impressive 6.1 GW installed and now accounting for 10 per cent of total wind installations globally. This growth was led by China, which remains in the number-one position for new offshore capacity with 2.3 GW installed in 2019. In terms of cumulative offshore wind capacity, the UK remains in the top spot with 9.7 GW, accounting for nearly one-third of the 29.1 GW of total global capacity.

The report forecasts that this growth will continue, with over 355 GW of wind energy capacity added over the next five years. This would mean that we would see 71 GW of wind energy added each year to the end of 2024, with offshore wind expanding its share of total wind energy installations to 20 per cent by that time.

This forecast will undoubtedly be impacted by the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, due to disruptions to global supply chains and project execution in 2020. However, it is too soon to predict the extent of the virus’s impact on the wider global economy and energy markets.

Source: GWEC

Precios máximos y mínimos de energía solar fotovoltaica y eólica terrestre, H1 2020. Fuente: BloombergNEF, partipantes en la encuesta, datos de Zeigo. Nota: Los datos se recopilaron de enero a marzo de 2020. Solo se muestran resultados de precios seleccionados para cada tecnología. / Maximum and minimum solar PV and onshore wind pricing, H1 2020. Source: BloombergNEF, survey participants, Zeigo data. Note: Data were collected January-March 2020. Only select pricing results are displayed for each technology.

Sweden and Spain respectively have the cheapest average corporate PPA prices in Europe for wind and solar electricity, according to BloombergNEF’s (BNEF) 1H 2020 European Corporate PPA Price Survey. The first of its kind in Europe, the survey aims to provide pricing transparency and simplify the complexity around corporate power purchase agreements, or PPAs, helping buyers to understand this fast-growing market.

The survey finds that the lowest price levels for onshore wind corporate PPAs in Europe are available in Sweden at 30.50 €/MWh. Solar PV shows its lowest price levels in Spain at 35.30 €/MWh, but is generally more expensive across the region than wind. The report reveals big differences in renewable energy PPA prices across Europe.

The very wide range of results was particularly interesting, with the gap between the cheapest PPA you might sign in Sweden and the most expensive PPA in the U.K. being over 30 € per MWh.

BNEF’s 1H 2020 European Corporate PPA Price Survey looks at the minimum-maximum price range for the most common PPA scenario – a ‘base case’ – for both solar and wind across nine markets. The survey then shows how PPA prices change depending on three main adjustment factors: capacity, term length and contract structure.

PPA prices are not static and depend on many variables, so there is never just no one market price. However, with an understanding of the underlying power market and various adjustment factors, it is possible to arrive at a sensible range for a given PPA scenario. At present, any publicly available information is generally anecdotal and project-specific, while the majority of PPA data is obscured by non-disclosure agreements. As no two projects are the same, this means available corporate PPA data have had limited usefulness.

In addition to technology, changes in PPA contract terms can have a significant impact on price. For example, the survey found that annual baseload contracts for round-the-clock power are between 1.5 and 3.5 € per MWh more expensive on average than standard pay-as-produced deals that directly track renewable output. The extent to which volume has an impact on price generally increases in inverse proportion to project size.

Term length is another key determinant of corporate PPA pricing. In Europe, a 1.5-2.5 €/MWh premium is typically charged for 15-20 year terms, compared with more standard 10-15 year terms. This is a key distinction between Europe and the U.S. – the world’s largest corporate PPA market (with 40.4GW activity, compared to 9.8GW in Europe) – where longer deal terms attract a discount.

Source: BNEF

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The latest data released by the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC) shows that the global offshore wind industry added 6.1 GW of offshore wind capacity in 2019, bringing total capacity to 29 GW. 2019 has been a record year for the industry with an impressive 35.5 per cent increase on the previous year, which saw 4.5 GW installed. Offshore wind accounted for approximately 10 per cent of new wind power installations in 2019, an increase from 5 per cent in 2015.

This growth is set to accelerate, with GWEC Market Intelligence’s preliminary forecasts finding that an additional 50 GW of new offshore wind capacity could be installed by 2024 globally, as projects in emerging markets with ambitious targets for offshore wind such as the US, Taiwan, Japan, Vietnam and South Korea are realised. This would mean that total installed offshore wind capacity could reach nearly 80 GW globally over the next five years, an increase of almost 172 per cent from today’s capacity.

Europe remained the largest market for offshore wind, accounting for 59 per cent of new installations in 2019, while the Asia-Pacific region accounted for the remaining 41 per cent. China remains the overall leader in new installations for offshore wind, adding more than 2.3 GW capacity in 2019, with the UK and Germany in second and third place, installing 1.8 GW and 1.1 GW respectively.

Eight markets reported new offshore wind installations in 2019:

China – 2,395 MW
United Kingdom – 1,764 MW
Germany – 1,111 MW
Denmark – 374 MW
Belgium – 370 MW
Taiwan – 120 MW
Portugal – 8 MW (floating)
Japan – 3 MW (floating)

Source: GWEC

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The falling cost of making hydrogen from wind and solar power offers a promising route to cutting emissions in some of the most fossil fuel dependent sectors of the economy, such as steel, heavy-duty vehicles, shipping and cement.

Hydrogen Economy Outlook, a new study from BloombergNEF (BNEF), finds that clean hydrogen could be deployed in the decades to come to cut up to 34% of global greenhouse gas emissions from fossil fuels and industry – at a manageable cost. However, this will only be possible if policies are put in place to help scale up technology, and drive down costs.

The report’s findings suggest that renewable hydrogen could be produced for $0.8 to $1.6/kg in most parts of the world before 2050. This is equivalent to gas priced at $6-12/MMBtu, making it competitive with current natural gas prices in Brazil, China, India, Germany and Scandinavia on an energy-equivalent basis. When including the cost of storage and pipeline infrastructure, the delivered cost of renewable hydrogen in China, India and Western Europe could fall to around $2/kg ($15/MMBtu) in 2030 and $1/kg ($7.4/MMBtu) in 2050.

Hydrogen is a clean-burning molecule that can be used as a substitute for coal, oil and gas in a large variety of applications. But for its use to have net environmental benefits, it must be produced from clean sources, rather than from fossil fuel – the usual method at present.

Renewable hydrogen can be made by splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen, using electricity generated by cheap wind or solar power. The cost of the electrolyzer technology to do this has fallen by 40% in the last five years, and can continue to slide if deployment increases. Clean hydrogen can also be made using fossil fuels if the carbon is captured and stored, but this is likely to be more expensive, the report finds.

Storing and moving hydrogen is challenging. For hydrogen to become as ubiquitous as natural gas today, a huge, coordinated program of infrastructure upgrades and construction would be needed. For instance, 3-4 times more storage infrastructure would need to be built at a cost of $637 billion by 2050 to provide the same level of energy security as natural gas. However, cost efficient large-scale options do exist and could be used to supply industrial customers with the clean gas. If the clean hydrogen industry can scale up, many of the hard-to-abate sectors could be decarbonized using hydrogen, at surprisingly low costs.

The study found that a carbon price of $50/tCO2 would be enough to switch from coal to clean hydrogen in steel making by 2050, $60/tCO2 to use hydrogen for heat in cement production, $78/tCO2 for making chemicals like ammonia, and $145/tCO2 to power ships with clean fuel, if hydrogen costs reach $1/kg. Heavy trucks could also be cheaper to run on hydrogen than diesel by 2031, although batteries remain a cheaper solution for cars, buses and light trucks.
For hydrogen to gain use, policy is critical. The clean hydrogen industry is currently tiny and costs are high. There is big potential for costs to fall, but the use of hydrogen needs to be scaled up and a network of supply infrastructure created. This needs policy coordination across government, frameworks for private investment, and the roll-out of around $150 billion of subsidies over the next decade. That may sound daunting but it is not, in fact, such a huge task – governments around the world currently spend more than twice that every year on fossil fuel consumption subsidies.

But right now, the outlook for a hydrogen economy is still uncertain, as there is insufficient policy to support investment and to scale up the industry, according to the BNEF study. Even if that occurs, hydrogen would not be a silver bullet. Carbon prices and emission policies will still be essential to drive hydrogen use, particularly in locations with very cheap coal and gas. Despite the potential cost reductions, hydrogen must still be manufactured – so it is likely to remain a more expensive form of energy. Industry will not automatically switch to using it – a commitment to net-zero emissions is required.

Source: BloombergNEF (BNEF)

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Hamburg-based Windsourcing.com GmbH, a specialist distributor for the wind industry, is expanding its range to include the highly sought-after rotor blade repair products of Bergolin GmbH & Co. KG.

With the Bergolin GmbH & Co. KG, Windsourcing.com has succeeded in gaining an important market partner whose products are used on over 100,000 rotor blades and certified by various wind turbine manufacturers.

With Bergolin as one of the market-leading manufacturers of rotor blade coatings, we can offer an even better service as a trading and logistics partner. By sourcing directly from Bergolin, we are able to deliver products much faster and more competitively. This partnership is a further milestone for us in the continuous expansion of our product portfolio for the repair and maintenance of wind turbines”, promises Stefan Weber, Managing Director of Windsourcing.com GmbH.

For 100 years, the industrial coatings manufacturer offers a wide range of paints and coatings. The Lower Saxony company has made a name for itself internationally, particularly with the high-quality coatings for rotor blades of wind turbines.

Windsourcing.com is a specialized distributor for the wind energy industry. The Hamburg-based company has been able to integrate many well-known supply partners and brands into its portfolio already since its foundation in 2013, including 3M, Akzo Nobel, Sika, ABB, Vestas, Siemens and many more. Windsourcing.com stands for high quality products, individual service and reliable delivery.

Source: Windsourcing.com GmbH

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Foto cortesía de/Photo courtesy of: WindEurope

Europe has expanded its offshore leadership by adding 3.6 GW of new commissioned capacity in 2019, bringing the total offshore wind installed capacity at the end of 2019 to above 22 GW, according to GlobalData.

Spreading across 12 European countries, the UK holds the largest share with 9.9 GW of capacity, representing around 45% of the cumulative installed offshore wind capacity in Europe, followed by Germany with 7.6 GW (34%), and Denmark, Belgium and the Netherlands representing 7.7%, 7.1% and 5% respectively.

The new commercial offshore wind capacity for 2019 marks the third successive year of high build-up for European countries. GlobalData estimates around 10 GW of new offshore wind capacity has been added between 2017 and 2019, more than Europe had installed in the previous six years during 2011-2016.

In 2019, 11 new offshore wind farms emerged across six countries. The UK accounted for nearly half of the capacity with 1.76 GW, followed by Germany with 1.1 GW, Denmark with 374 MW and Belgium with 370 MW. Two new emerging markets, Portugal and Spain, have entered the European offshore space with a respective 8.4 MW and 5 MW installation in 2019. WindFloat in Portugal houses the largest offshore floating wind turbine in the world, while Spain tested its offshore waters with a 5 MW prototype.

Reflecting the advancement in wind turbine technology and improved logistics, the average size of an offshore wind farm in Europe in 2019 rose to 600 MW, while the average turbine size rose by 1 MW to 7.8 MW, according to WindEurope’s Offshore Report.

The declining costs for offshore wind have seen a significant fall of approximately 25% since 2012, with a further estimated reduction of 8-10% by 2025. The recent wind offshore auctions in the UK, France and the Netherlands saw delivered power prices in the range of $44-$55, narrating the competitiveness of wind offshore by achieving the grid parity.

The global wind offshore market has been dominated by European countries; however, they now stand against strong rising competition from new potential markets such as China, the US, and other nascent markets like South Korea, Taiwan and Japan. GlobalData expects the European countries share in the cumulative installed offshore wind capacity to fall from the current 77% to 52% by 2030.

Source: GlobalData

FuturENERGY February 2020

Despite widespread expectations of another increase, global energy-related carbon dioxide emissions stopped growing in 2019, according to last IEA data. After two years of growth, global energy-related CO2 emissions were unchanged at 33 Gt in 2019 even as the world economy expanded by 2.9%. This was primarily due to a sharp decline in CO2 emissions from electricity generation in advanced economies, thanks to the expanding role of renewable sources (mainly wind and solar), fuel switching from coal to natural gas and higher nuclear power generation. Other factors included milder weather in several countries and slower economic growth in some emerging markets…

 

FuturENERGY February 2020

Enercapital Developments is a company specialised in the integral development of renewable energy projects (wind and PV power). With more than 15 years of experience and hundreds of projects undertaken around the world – over 5 GW in PV projects alone -, the company focuses its activity on the development of projects to bring them to the Ready to Build stage (RTB). Its services cover simple assessment to full implementation, making the company a reference in the sector. Enercapital is currently developing around 1.5 GW of PV projects in Spain, including a significant part of the Audax Renovables portfolio…

FuturENERGY February 2020

2019 has been an important year for Ingeteam as regards technological innovation, a core business for the company. Last year and achieving significant results, Ingeteam finalised the POSEIDOM project to optimise offshore wind power technology and has now started a new challenge to research the service life of wind turbines and reduce O&M costs under the MAS4WIN project. These and other projects are testament to the key role that R&D+i plays in the vision of this company, an essential tool for performing its activity and key to achieving its objectives, as a reference in the services it renders around the world, and as a leader in the renewable market…

FuturENERGY February 2020

Wind power is one of the most studied topics in the renewable energy sector. In recent decades, the approach has particularly focused on different aspects of the modelling and analysis of onshore wind turbines. Currently, a group of researchers, lead by professor Alexandre Simos, from the Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering Department at the Engineering School of the Universidad de São Paulo (EPUSP) in Brazil, and thanks to the financing provided by the US Office of Naval Research Global (ONR Global), is studying ways of increasing Brazil’s wind power generation capacity, heading up an effort to reduce the structural weight of new designs of floating offshore wind turbines (FOWTs)…

 

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